Trianthema portulacastrum L.
  • bredo-fino


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Trianthema portulacastrum L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000020781. Accessed on: 20 Oct 2020'

General Information

Herbs perennial. Stems procumbent, subterete or slightly angular, glabrous or sparsely hairy when young. Petiole 4-30 mm, base expanded into sheath 2-2.5 mm; leaf blade elliptic to ovate, obovate, or obcordate, 8-50 × 4-45 mm, thinly fleshy, base cuneate, apex obtuse, retuse, truncate, or slightly acute. Flowers solitary, sessile. Perigone lobes usually 5, inside mostly pale pink, rarely white, 4-5 mm; perigone tube fused with basal sheath of pedicel, forming a funnel; lobes rather obtuse, with an apical spur. Stamens 10-25. Stigma 1, ca. 3 mm. Capsule truncate at apex, 2-lobed, operculum fleshy, base thinly walled. Seeds several, black, reniform, 1-2.5 mm, broad, with low crests. Fl. summer. 2n = 26, 28, 56.

  • Provided by: [K].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Plants annual, succulent, usually glabrous. Stems prostrate or decumbent, diffusely branched, to 10 dm; young branches with lines of minute hairs proximal to petioles. Leaves: unequal pairs alternating along stem; stipules dilated at base; petiole usually equaling blade; blade elliptic to orbiculate, to 4 cm, apex obtuse, often notched, or apiculate. Inflorescences: flowers usually solitary, sessile, in axils of smaller leaves (bracts) of some pairs, partly covered by sheathing stipule of bracts; bracteoles connate, 1-1.5 mm, apex acute. Flowers: calyx 3-5 mm; calyx lobes purple adaxially, lanceolate, 2.5 mm; stamens 5-10. Capsules cylindric, ± curved, 4-5 mm, corky, basal portion appearing embedded in stem, apical portion containing 1 seed; apical wings 2, prominent, erect, crestlike. Seeds ca. 7, dull reddish brown to black, ridged, 1.5-2 mm.

  • Provided by: [M].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Trianthema portulacastrum L., Sp. Pl. 223. 1753; T. monogyna L.; T. procumbens Mill.

    Hierbas anuales, tallos jóvenes a veces con una línea de tricomas decurrentes entre los nudos, glabrescentes, erectas a postradas, suculentas. Hojas opuestas, desiguales, con la hoja más grande de cada par al menos dos veces más grande que la pequeña, simples, obovadas a suborbiculares o espatuladas, glabras, la más grande de cada par 1–2.9 (–4) cm de largo y (0.5–) 0.9–2.9 cm de ancho, ápice agudo a retuso y frecuentemente mucronado, base cuneada; pecíolos connados en la base y formando una vaina alrededor del tallo, aquellos de las hojas más grandes 4–19 mm de largo, estípula deltoide, 1.3–4.7 mm de largo, remotamente serrada o entera. Flores solitarias, axilares, sésiles; tubo calicino campanulado, 1.6–4.1 mm de largo, parcialmente cubierto por la vaina peciolar, los lobos 5, imbricados, lanceolados, glabros, 0.9–2.4 mm de largo y 0.8–1.5 mm de ancho, con un apéndice en forma de cornículo, barbado, 0.6–0.8 mm de largo en la superficie exterior justo debajo del ápice, rosados o morados internamente; estaminodios ausentes, estambres 10, insertos en la boca del tubo del cáliz, filamentos libres, 1–2.5 mm de largo, anteras 0.4–0.7 mm de largo y 0.3 mm de ancho; ovario súpero, 1-locular, 1.6–3 mm de largo y 1–2 mm de ancho, pocos óvulos, placentación basal-parietal, estilo 1, 1.1–2.8 mm de largo. Fruto una cápsula circuncísil casi envuelta en la vaina peciolar, turbinada, truncada y crestada en un lado en el ápice, 4.5–6 mm de largo y 2.5–3.3 mm de ancho; semillas 3–8, reniformes, 1.5–1.9 mm de largo y 1.5–1.7 mm de ancho, arrugadas, de color café-rojizo a negro.

    Común en playas, en las costas pacífica y atlántica, menos común en tierra adentro; 0–500 m; fl y fr may–dic; Marshall 6634, Stevens 23065; pantropical. Un género con ca 15 especies distribuidas en los trópicos y subtrópicos de ambos hemisferios.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 12
    • ]. 

    Herbaceous annuals, erect or prostrate, the young stems sometimes with a decurrent line of hairs from the interpetiolar stipules to the node below and glabrescent, often alternately branched by the development of the axillary bud subtended by the smaller leaf of the nodal pair. Leaves of any pair strikingly unequal, the larger at least twice as large as the smaller, obovate to rounded- spatulate, 1-3 cm. long, 0.5-2.0 cm. broad, acute, obtuse, retuse and often mucronulate at the apex, cuneate at the base, glabrous above and below; petiole 0.3-1.5 cm. long, at the base connate into a sheath surrounding the stem, the interpetiolar stipule deltoid, 1-2 mm. long, remotely serrate or entire. Inflorescence with the flowers solitary; sessile. Flowers with the perianth tube campanulate, often intimately associated with the petiolar sheath of the subtending leaves, the lobes lanceolate, about 1.5 mm. long, 1 mm. broad, glabrous, appendage horn-like, barbed about 0.75 mm. long; stamens 10, inserted at the orifice of the perianth tube, the filaments filiform, about 1.5 mm. long, glabrous, the anthers ovoid, about 0.5 mm. long and broad; ovary turbinate, about 1 mm. long, I mm. in diameter, truncate and irregularly fleshy-lobed at the apex, glabrous, the style 1, about 1 mm. long. Capsule almost enclosed in the petiolar sheath, turbinate, about 4.5 mm. long, 3.5 mm. in diameter, sessile, truncate and crested at the apex, circumscissile at about the middle; seeds 2-5, reniform, 1.5-1.75 mm. in diameter, the testa wrinkled, reddish-brown to black.

  • Provided by: [L].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 13
    • ]. 

    "Perennial, glabrous or sparsely hairy, diffusely branched from the base, decumbent or ascending, to 1 m; lvs round-obovate, 1–4 cm, slender-petiolate, the members of a pair somewhat unequal; fls sessile, partly concealed in the petiolar sheath; stamens 5–10; ovary unilocular, style 1; membranous hypanthium and small cal pushed off by growth of the fr; fr 4–5 mm; asymmetrically crested around the broad top; seeds 1–4, rough, 2 mm. Widespread tropical weed, extending n. to Okla. and Mo., and rarely about our Atlantic ports. May–Sept. Reputedly poisonous to livestock."

  • Provided by: [J].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 14
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Sepals pink

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Rather fleshy, almost glabrous, prostrate herb

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Stamens 10–20, inserted on the calyx-tube.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Seeds 3–12, compressed, rounded, with “ammonite-like” markings.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Ovary truncate, 2-lobed; style 1.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Flowers axillary, solitary, partly hidden by the sheathing leaf-bases.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Perianth segments up to 5 mm. long, pinkish or yellowish, the tube longer than the acute lobes with a dorsal apiculus.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    A prostrate somewhat succulent annual herb, subglabrous, the young parts shortly hairy; stems up to 50 cm. or more, procumbent or ascending, spreading.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Leaves opposite, one of each pair much smaller than the other, leaf-lamina 3–45 × 3–40 mm., obovate, broadly obovate or almost circular, entire, obtuse, rounded or retuse, sometimes slightly apiculate at apex, cuneate at base, glabrous or sparsely hairy on the midrib below, petiolate, stipulate; petiole 2–20 mm. long, sparsely hairy, expanded into a sheathing membranous base connate with that of the opposing leaf; stipules up to 3 mm. long, narrowly triangular-acuminate.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Ovary truncate, bilobed; seeds 3–12.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Calyx-lobes obtuse, with a dorsal apiculus.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Stamens 10–20, inserted on the calyx-tube.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Flowers axillary, solitary, partly hidden by the sheathing leaf-bases, hermaphrodite, pinkish or white, 4–5 mm. long.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Stipules narrowly triangular, acuminate, up to 3 mm. long.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Petiole 2–25 mm. long, distinct, sparsely hairy, expanded into a sheathing membranous base connate with that of the opposing leaf.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Leaves opposite, one of a pair much smaller than the other, petiolate, stipulate; blade obovate or broadly so, entire, obtuse, rounded or retuse, sometimes slightly apiculate at apex, cuneate at base, glabrous or sparsely hairy on the midrib below, 4–50 mm. long, 4–45 mm. broad.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    A somewhat succulent subglabrous annual herb; stems procumbent or ascending, spreading, glabrous or sparsely hairy, up to 50 cm. long or more.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Prostrate completely glabrous herb. Flowers solitary, ± hidden by sheathing leaf bases. Calyx tube adnate to petiole. Flowers yellowish green with pink.

  • Provided by: [G].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 15
    • ]. 

    Habit

    Herb

  • Provided by: [L].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 13
    • ]. 

    Ecology

    A weed of waste places.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Habitat

    Weed in cultivated land.

  • Provided by: [G].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 15
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    A pantropic species.

  • Provided by: [L].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 13
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

     
    • Introduced distribution
    Introduced into
    • Southern America Brazil Bahia
    • Ceará
    • Paraába
    • Pernambuco
    • Piauá
    • Rio Grande do Norte

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    bredo-finoPortuguese
    bredoPortuguese
    Desert horse-purslane
    desert-horsepurslaneEnglish

     Information From

    Aizoaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • D
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • F
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • G All Rights Reserved
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • H The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • I Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • J Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • K Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • L Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • M Flora of North America Association
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • N CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).