Capparis spinosa L.

Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Capparis spinosa L. Published on the Internet; Accessed on: 18 Oct 2021'

General Information

Shrubs, prostrate or hanging, 50-80(-100) cm tall. Twigs glabrous to densely long or shortly white pubescent with simple trichomes, soon glabrescent. Stipular spines 4-5 mm, ± flat, apex recurved. Petiole 1-4 mm; leaf blade ovate, obovate, broadly elliptic, or suborbicular, 1.3-3 × 1.2-2 cm, 1-1.7 × as long as wide, fleshy when fresh but later leathery, midvein abaxially raised but gradually becoming obscure from base to apex, secondary veins 4(or 5) on each side of midvein, base rounded, apex acute, obtuse, or retuse but spine-tipped. Flowers solitary in upper axils; buds ± symmetrical. Pedicel 2-6(-9) cm. Calyx zygomorphic; sepals 1.5-2 × 0.6-1.1 cm, outside ± with trichomes, inside glabrous; sepals of outer whorl navicular-lanceolate, outside with several glands, basally shallowly saccate; sepals of inner whorl 1-2 cm, not saccate or galeate, not broadest near base, 3-4.5 mm deep in distal half. Petals dimorphic, ± as long as or slightly longer than anterior sepals; anterior 2 petals white, distinct, claw 4-7 mm, blade oblong-obovate, 1-2 cm, outside with trichomes, apex subemarginate; posterior 2 petals yellowish green to green, enclosed by sepals, thickened, margin connate from base almost to middle. Stamens ca. 80; filaments 2-4 cm, unequal; anthers 2-3 mm. Gynophore ca. 1 cm, sometimes basally sparsely villous; ovary ellipsoid, 3-4 mm, glabrous, apically with vertical thin furrow and ridge; placentae 6-8; ovules numerous; style and stigma obscure, moundlike. Fruit dark green when dry, ellipsoid to oblong-obovoid, 1.5-4 × 0.8-1.8 cm, with 6-8 lengthwise thin ridges, dehiscent; fruiting pedicel and gynophore 3-7 cm, 1.5-2 mm in diam., forming a right angle with each other. Seeds 40-60 per fruit, reddish brown, reniform to globose, 3-4 mm, smooth. Fl. Jun-Jul, fr. Aug-Sep. 2n = 24.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Of CHina @
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Diffuse shrub, prostrate or hanging, glabrous or pubescent. Leaves very variable in size and shape with a length/breadth ratio of 1-1.7, usually about one and a half times as long as broad, ovate, obovate, orbicular to elliptic, 1-4 cm long, 1-3.5 cm broad, entire, acute, obtuse, retuse or slightly acuminate; apex mostly spine-tipped; petiole up to 4 mm long; stipules of 2 hooked rarely straight, brown or yellow coloured spines. Flowers axillary and solitary, 2-5 cm across, sub-irregular, handsome, whitish; pedicels 2-6 (-9) cm long, becoming thickened in fruit. Sepals subequal, posterior sepal not galeate, 1-2 cm long, broadest at the base and only 3-4.5 mm deep near the apex. Petals 1.5-3 cm long, 0.6-2 cm broad, obovate-cuneate, exceeding the sepals. Stamens indefinite, exceed¬ing the petals, spreading; anthers 1-2.5 mm long. Fruit 1.5-4.5 cm long, 1-1.8 cm broad, ellipsoid or oblong—obovate, often slightly ribbed, red when ripe, often splitting into 4 parts from the apex when dried and pressed; gynophore 3-7 cm long; seeds many, 2-3 mm in diam., brown.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora of Pakistan
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

     Information From

    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Flora Of CHina @
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of Pakistan
    Flora of Pakistan. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2020.
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).