Pulicaria scabra (Thunb.) Druce
  • in Rep. Bot. Exch. Cl. Brit. Isles, 1916, 642 (1917)


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Pulicaria scabra (Thunb.) Druce. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000042220. Accessed on: 19 Sep 2020'

Morphology

Erect, single-stemmed, thinly woolly perennial, up to 1 m tall. Leaves lanceolate, auriculate at base, often scabrid above. Flowerheads obscurely radiate, solitary at branch tips, yellow.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Annual herb, up to 1 m high. Leaves sessile, linear-oblong, decreasing in size upwards, base cordate-amplexicaul, margins entire or remotely denticulate. Heads solitary, arranged in large or small spreading corymbs. Flowers yellow.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 2
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    Annual herb, up to 1.52 m high, pubescent to glabrescent. Leaves alternate, sessile; blade linear-oblong, decreasing in size upwards, apex mucronate, base cordate-amplexicaul, margins entire or remotely denticulate. Heads shortly radiate (disciform), solitary, pedunculate, arranged in large or small spreading corymbs. Involucral bracts 4- or 5-seriate, linear, glandular, hairy. Flowers: marginal florets shortly radiate, 1- or 2-seriate; marginal and disc florets yellow; Nov.-Feb. Fruit with cypsela narrowly cylindric, ribbed, thinly hairy. Pappus of an inner row of barbellate bristles and outer row of small scales fused into a shallow corona.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 3
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    Erect, single-stemmed, thinly woolly, foetid-smelling perennial to 1 m. Leaves lanceolate, auriculate at base, often scabrid above. Flower heads obscurely radiate, solitary at branch tips, yellow.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Annual herb up to c. 1 m tall; stems simple below and often ±lignescent, branching above; stems densely silky-hairy or pubescent. Leaves sessile, up to 7 x 1.5 cm, decreasing in size upwards and passing into the inflorescence bracts, narrowly oblong to oblong or oblanceolate, apex mucronate, base ±cordate-amplexicaul, margins entire or denticulate, silky-villous to pilose on both sides and minutely glandular. Inflorescence of terminal corymbs, 1- c. 15-capitulate; peduncles up to c. 5 cm long, densely pilose or villous and minutely glandular; bracts similar to the leaves but progressively smaller upwards. Involucres up to 1.5 cm in diam., depressed-globose; involucral bracts 2-3-seriate, c. 5 mm long, linear and tapering to a softly setaceous apex, densely hirsute and minutely glandular. Female ray-florets yellow, inconspicuous, 3 mm long, cylindric in the lower one-half; ligule narrowly oblong, 3-dentate at the apex. Hermaphrodite disk-florets yellow, c. 3 mm long, very narrowly funnel-shaped, lobes very short minutely glandular outside. Cypsela c. 0.8 mm long, ±cylindric, 4-sided with 4 setulose ribs; pappus with an outer series of minute scales and an inner series of minutely barbellate setae c. 2 mm long.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Habitat

    Marshes and streambanks.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    In marshy or damp places.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Dry Grassland; Mesic Grassland; Dwarf Karroid Shrubland. In marshy or damp places.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Marshes and stream banks.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    By streams and rivers or in moist soils.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Lower Gariep Valley, Bokkeveld Mountains to tropical Africa.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Bokkeveld Mtns to tropical Africa.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe, also in the Transvaal, Natal, Cape Province and Namibia [as 'South West Africa'].

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

      Bibliography

    • 1 Herman, PPJ; Manning, JC. 2013. Asteraceae: Pulicaria. 321 - 321. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.
    • 2 Herman, PPJ; Retief, E. 1997. Plants of thenorthern provinces of South Africa: keys and diagnostic characters. Strelitzia 6: 1 - 681. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • 3 Herman, PPJ; Retief, E; Meyer, NL. 2017. Asteraceae. In: E Retief & NL Meyer (eds), Plants of the Free State: Inventory and identification guide. Strelitzia 38: 249 - 413. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.
    • 4 Manning, JC; Goldblatt, P. 2012. Asteraceae: Pulicaria Gaertn. 414 - 414. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.
    • 5 Wild, H. 1980. The Compositae of the Flora Zambesiaca Area 12-Inuleae (continued). Kirkia 12(1): 23 - 113.
    • 6 in Rep. Bot. Exch. Cl. Brit. Isles, 1916, 642 (1917)

     Information From

    Compositae
    CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0). https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • B All Rights Reserved
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • C CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    International Union for Conservation of Nature v.3
    https://www.iucnredlist.org/
    IUCN 2019. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2019-1.
    • D See IUCN Terms and conditions of use http://www.iucnredlist.org/info/terms-of-use
    International Union for Conservation of Nature
    https://www.iucn.org/
    IUCN 2016. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-2
    • E All Rights Reserved