Picris echioides L.
  • Sp. Pl. : 792 (1753)
  • Bristly oxtongue

Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2022): Picris echioides L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000059157. Accessed on: 02 Dec 2022'

General Information

Coarse, somewhat spiny-hispid annual 3–8 dm; lvs toothed or entire, the lower oblanceolate and petioled, the others more lanceolate or oblong, sessile and somewhat clasping, the blade to 25 × 7 cm; invol 1–2 cm, biseriate, the inner bracts narrow, commonly with a subterminal spiny awn-tip, the outer 3–5 foliaceous, ovate or lance- ovate, 3.5–8 mm wide, not much if at all shorter than the inner; achenes distinctly slender-beaked, the body 2–4 mm, the beak nearly as long, or longer, very fragile near its base; outer achenes half-moon-shaped, pale, woolly, partly enfolded by the bracts, the others narrower, shining, brown, rugulose, obscurely nerved; 2n=10. Fields and waste places; native of Europe, occasionally found in our range. July–Sept.

  • Provided by: [C].Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern US and Canada
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 


    Ähnlich wie P. hieracioides, aber Borsten oft auf Knötchen sitzend, äussere Hüllblätter nur 3–5, fast so lang wie die inneren, 4–7 mm breit, aufrecht. Früchte 6–9 mm lang, gerade und geschnäbelt, Schnabel dünn, länger als der Rest der Frucht

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 


    7–10. Äcker, Ufer, Schuttplätze, Weinberge, kollin. M, J, vereinzelt A.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Nationally Preferred Names

    Bristly oxtongueEnglishIE
    Teanga bhó gharbhIrishIE

    Other Local Names

    Natterkopfartiges BitterkrautGermanCH
    Aspraggine volgareItalianCH
    Picride vipérineFrenchCH
    Teanga bóIrishIE


    • 1 Flora Helvetica, Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz. K. Lauber, G. Wagner, A. Gygax, Haupt Verlag, 2018. ISBN-978-3-258-08047-5
    • 2 Gleason, Henry A. & Cronquist, Arthur J. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. lxxv + 910 pp.

     Information From

    Asteraceae. The daisy family. World Flora Online Data. 2022.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz, Konrad Lauber, Gerhart Wagner, Andreas Gygax. Haupt Verlag 2018.
    • B All Rights Reserved
    Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern US and Canada
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • C Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Irish Vernacular Names
    • D All Rights Reserved