Artemisia dracunculus L.
  • Sp. Pl.
  • Estragon

Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Artemisia dracunculus L. Published on the Internet; Accessed on: 24 Sep 2021'

General Information

Subshrubs, (20-)40-150(-200) cm tall, with branched, woody rhizome; all parts densely to sparsely puberulent or tomentose, sparser with age, sometimes glabrescent. Leaves sessile or subsessile; basal leaf blades entire or 2- or 3-lobed at tip. Middle stem leaves linear-lanceolate, elliptic-lanceolate, or linear, (1.5-)3-7(-10) × (0.1-)0.2-0.6(-1) cm, entire or with apex 3-partite or -cleft, or with 1(or 2) small lateral lobes. Uppermost leaves and leaflike bracts linear or lanceolate, 5-30 × 1-2 mm. Synflorescence a broad to racemelike leafy panicle; branches ascending to erect, sometimes appressed, to 10 cm. Capitula remote to approximate, nodding; peduncles curved, to 5 mm. Involucre subglobose, ovoid, or hemispheric, 2-5 mm in diam.; phyllaries glabrescent, scarious margin broad, outer phyllaries oblong or lanceolate, inner orbicular-oblong. Marginal female florets 6-10[-15]; corolla 0.5-1 mm, glandular, 2-fid. Disk florets 4-14, male; corolla campanulate, 2-2.5, 5-lobed. Achenes obovoid or obovoid-ellipsoid. Fl. and fr. Jul-Oct. 2n = 18, 36, 54, 72, 90.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora Of CHina @
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Perennials or subshrubs, 50–120(–150) cm, strongly tarragon-scented or not aromatic; rhizomatous, caudices coarse. Stems relatively numerous, erect, green to brown or reddish brown, somewhat woody, glabrous. Leaves: proximal blades bright green and glabrous or gray-green and sparsely hairy, 5–8 cm; cauline blades bright green (gray-green in desert forms), linear, lanceolate, or oblong, 1–7 × 0.1–0.5(–0.9) cm, mostly entire, sometimes irregularly lobed, acute, usually glabrous, sometimes glabrescent (deserts). Heads in terminal or lateral, leafy, paniculiform arrays 15–45 × 6–30 cm; appearing ball-like on slender, sometimes nodding peduncles. Involucres globose, 2–3 × 2–3.5(–6) mm. Phyllaries (light brown, broadly lanceolate, membranous): margins broadly hyaline, glabrous. Florets: pistillate 6–25; functionally staminate 8–20; corollas pale yellow, 1.8–2 mm, eglandular or sparsely glandular. Cypselae oblong, 0.5–0.8 mm, faintly nerved, glabrous. 2. = 18.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora of North America @
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    "Fibrous-rooted perennial 5–15 dm, the stems clustered on short, coarse rhizomes or a branching caudex; herbage glabrous or occasionally villous-puberulent; lvs narrowly linear to lance-linear, 3–8 cm × 1–6 mm, mostly entire, but occasionally some 2–5-cleft, the lower generally deciduous before flowering; infl paniculiform, usually open and ample; invol glabrous or nearly so, 2–3 mm; disk-fls sterile; achenes ellipsoid, nerveless; 2n=18. Dry open places; Ill. to Man. and Tex., s. to Yukon, B.C., and n. Mex.; also in Eurasia. July–Sept. (A. cernua; A. dracunculoides; A. glauca)"

  • Provided by: [C].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Perennial, strongly aromatic to inodorous, 20-100 (-150) cm tall herb, with erect or ascending, costate-striate, greenish-yellow, sparsely hairy to glabrous stems. Leaves short stalked to sessile, mostly undivided, occasionally lower 3-5-cleft, usually glabrous, sometimes sparsely appressed canescent, linear-lanceolate to occasionally ± oblanceolate, 2-8 cm x (1-) 2-8 (-10) mm, entire, acute; upper ones mostly simple, much reduced in floral region. Capitula numerous, heterogamous, globose, 2-3 x 3-4 mm, remote to approximate, nodding on curved, 1-2 mm long, hairy or glabrous peduncles, in leafy, narrow panicle with ascending to erect, sometimes appressed, up to 10 cm long branches. Involucre 3-seriate, phyllaries glabrous, outermost oblong, c. 2.5 x 1 mm, obtuse, inner ones broadly elliptic, c. 3.5 x 2 mm, broadly whitish scarious, obtuse. Receptacle conico-hemispherical, glabrous. Florets up to 40, yellow; marginal-florets 6-15, fertile, with 0.5-1 mm long, glandulose, 2-fid corolla; disc-florets 10-20, bisexual, sterile, with campanulate, 2-2.5 mm long, 5-toothed corolla. Cypselas brown, ellipsoid, 0.6-1 mm long.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora of Pakistan
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 


    60–120(–150) cm hoch, aromatisch, kahl. Blätter ungeteilt, schmal-lanzettlich, ganzrandig, 2–10 cm lang und 2–8 mm breit, mit verschmälertem Grund sitzend. Blütenköpfe kurz gestielt oder sitzend, nickend, Durchmesser 2–3 mm, mit grünlich-

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 


    8–9. Ufer, Schuttplätze, als Gewürzpflanze kultiviert und selten verwildert, kollin-montan(-subalpin).

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 


    Other Local Names

    Assenzio dragoncello, EstragoneItalianCH

     Information From

    CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz, Konrad Lauber, Gerhart Wagner, Andreas Gygax. Haupt Verlag 2018.
    • B All Rights Reserved
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • C Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Flora Of CHina @
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of North America @
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • E Flora of North America Association
    Flora of Pakistan
    Flora of Pakistan. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2020.
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).