Cirsium vulgare (Savi) Ten.
  • Fl. Napol. 5
  • Feochadán colgach


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Cirsium vulgare (Savi) Ten. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000081703. Accessed on: 28 Nov 2021'

General Information

Herbs 25-150 cm tall, biennial. Stems grayish white, erect, branched above, winged, with sparse long multicellular hairs and cobwebby, densely felted above; wings toothed, teeth ending in a long spine. Leaves herbaceous, discolorous, abaxially grayish white and densely felted, adaxially green to yellowish green, rough and densely covered with ca. 1.5 mm spinules. Middle cauline leaves sessile, linear-lanceolate, lanceolate, or oblanceolate, 10-15 × 4-5 cm, bipinnatipartite; primary segments 3 or 4 pairs, equally or unequally forked; secondary segments triangular to lanceolate, fringed with spinules, apex with a 5-10 mm spine; terminal lobe lanceolate, fringed with spinules and a few spines 5-10 mm. Upper cauline leaves similar but gradually smaller upward. Bracts linear, margin with long spines. Capitula few to many, paniculate-corymbose to racemose, erect. Involucre ovoid, 3-5 cm in diam., glabrous. Phyllaries imbricate, in ca. 10 rows, lacking wings and scarious appendage; outer and middle phyllaries 0.8-3 × 0.2-0.4 cm, basal portion triangular, lanceolate, or linear, apical portion subulate, 5-9 mm, and narrowed into a spine; inner phyllaries linear, ca. 3.4 × 0.3 cm, apex acuminate. Florets bisexual. Corolla red, ca. 3 cm, tube filiform, ca. 2 cm. Achene brown, ca. 4 mm. Pappus bristles white, to 3 cm. Fl. and fr. Jul-Aug. 2n = 34, 68.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Biennials, 30–200(–300) cm; taproots. Stems 1–many, erect or ascending, branches few–many, ascending, villous with septate trichomes. Leaves: blades oblong-lanceolate to obovate, 15–40 × 6–15 cm, margins plane or revolute, coarsely 1–2-pinnatifid with rigidly divergent lobes, sometimes merely spinose-dentate, lobes triangular to lanceolate, entire to spiny-dentate, main spines 2–10 mm, abaxial faces gray-tomentose, villous with septate trichomes along veins, adaxial green, covered with short appressed bristlelike spines, sometimes tomentose when young; basal present or absent at flowering, petioles winged, bases tapered; principal cauline winged-petiolate, mid and distal becoming sessile, well distributed or not, progressively reduced distally, at least distal decurrent as long spiny wings; distal cauline often more deeply lobed than proximal, main lobes rigidly spiny, margins spinulose, otherwise entire. Heads few–many in corymbiform or paniculiform arrays. Peduncles 1–6 cm. Involucres hemispheric to campanulate, 3–4 × 2–4 cm, loosely arachnoid-tomentose. Phyllaries in 10–12 series, strongly imbricate, linear-lanceolate (outer) to linear (inner), outer and middle appressed, (bases stramineous), margins entire, abaxial faces without glutinous ridge, apices radiating, greenish, spines 2–5 mm; apices of inner phyllaries flat, serrulate to minutely erose. Corollas purple (rarely white), 25–35 mm, tubes 18–25 mm, throats 5–6 mm, lobes 5–7 mm; style tips 3.5–6 mm. Cypselae light brown with darker streaks, 3–4.5 mm, apical collar not differentiated; pappi 20–30 mm. 2n = 68.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    "Biennial weed 5–15 dm; stem conspicuously spiny- winged by the decurrent lf-bases, copiously spreading-hirsute to sometimes arachnoid; lvs strongly spiny, pinnatifid, the larger ones with the lobes again toothed or lobed, scabrous-hispid above, thinly white-tomentulose to sometimes green and merely hirsute beneath; heads several, purple; invol 2.5–4 cm, its bracts all spine-tipped, without any well developed glutinous dorsal ridge; achenes 3–4 mm; 2n=68. Pastures, fields, roadsides, and waste places; native of Eurasia, now widely established in N. Amer. June–Oct. (C. lanceolatum, misapplied)"

  • Provided by: [E].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    50–150 (–200) cm hoch. Stängel spinnwebig, durch herablaufende Blattränder stachelig geflügelt. Blätter steif, fiederteilig, mit lanzettlichen, in einen kräftigen, gelblichen Stachel endigenden Abschnitten, oberseits stachelig behaart, grün, unters

  • Provided by: [G].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Biennial herb, up to 1.5 m high, monoecious. Heads large; discoid. Upper branches irregularly and spiny winged. Leaves deeply pinnately parted, segments ending in long, stout spine, margins also with shorter, finer spines, upper surface rough, scabrous, lower glabrate to grey tomentose. Flowers reddish purple, rarely white.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Biennial herb, up to 1.5 m high. Stems lightly arachnoid, upper branches irregularly and spiny winged. Leaves alternate, sessile; blade oblong to obovate in outline, deeply pinnately parted, segments triangular, ending in long, stout spine, margins also with shorter, finer spines, upper surface rough, scabrous, lower glabrate to grey-tomentose, base decurrent. Heads large, discoid, solitary or 2 or 3 clustered at tips of branches. Involucral bracts in many rows, linear, spine-tipped. Flowers: disc florets only, reddish purple, rarely white; Nov.-Apr. Fruit with cypsela obovate, obscurely 4-angled, pale with dark vertical streaks. Pappus of many plumose bristles connate at base.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Ecology

    7–9. Wegränder, Ödland, Schuttplätze, kollin-montan(-subalpin). CH.

  • Provided by: [G].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Habitat

    Weed of cultivation and waste places.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Vredefort Dome Savanna; Kalahari Deciduous Acacia-wooded Grassland; Dry Grassland; Mesic Grassland. Weed of cultivation and waste places.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Native to Europe, western Asia and North America.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Native to Europe, western Asia and North America.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

     
    • Native distribution
    • Introduced distribution
    Found in
    • Europe Northern Europe Ireland
    Introduced into
    • Southern America Brazil Paraní
    • Rio Grande do Sul
    • Santa Catarina

    Synonyms

    Nationally Preferred Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Feochadán colgachIrishIE
    Common thistleEnglishIE

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Spear plume thistleEnglishIE
    ThornEnglishIE
    White thistleEnglishIE
    Cirse communFrenchCH
    Buck thrisselEnglishIE
    Dawky thrisselEnglishIE
    Cardo asininoItalianCH
    Spear thistleEnglishIE
    Gemeine KratzdistelGermanCH
    Punschun cuminRaeto-RomanceCH
    Feochadán capaillIrishIE
    GreaseadánIrishIE
    FothannánIrishIE

      Bibliography

     Information From

    Compositae
    CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0). https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • B All Rights Reserved
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • C Flora of North America Association
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • D Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • E Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    http://www.flora-helvetica.ch
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz, Konrad Lauber, Gerhart Wagner, Andreas Gygax. Haupt Verlag 2018.
    • G All Rights Reserved
    Irish Vernacular Names
    https://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/plant-science/plant-science/research-staff/article/380/wyse-jackson-peter-s.aspx
    • H All Rights Reserved
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • I CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).