Tagetes erecta L.
  • Sp. Pl.
  • Flor de Muerto


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Tagetes erecta L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000082627. Accessed on: 24 Oct 2021'

General Information

Annuals, 10-120 cm. Leaf blades 30-120(-250) mm overall, principal lobes/leaflets 9-25, lanceolate to linear-lanceolate, 15-25(-45) × 3-8(-12) mm. Capitula solitary; peduncles 30-100(-150) mm; involucres 10-22+ × (3-)5-12 mm; phyllaries 5-8. Ray florets (3-)5-8(-100 in "double" cultivars); lamina yellow to orange, red-brown (sometimes bi-colored: yellow/ red-brown), or white (some cultivars), flabellate to ovate-quadrate, (2-)12-18(-25) mm. Disk florets (10-)50-120; corollas 7-12 mm. Achenes 6-11 mm; pappus of 0-2 subulate-aristate scales 6-12 mm and 2-4 distinct or connate, linear-oblong, erose scales 2-6+ mm. Fl. Jun-Oct. 2n = 24, 48.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
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    Annuals, 10–120+ cm. Leaf blades 30–120(–250+) mm overall, principal lobes/leaflets 9–25, lanceolate to lance-linear, 15–25(–45+) × 3–8(–12+) mm. Heads borne ± singly. Peduncles 30–100(–150+) mm. Involucres 10–22+ × (3–)5–12+ mm. Ray florets (3–)5–8+ (to 100+ in "double" cultivars); laminae yellow to orange, red-brown (sometimes particolored: yellow/red-brown), or white (some cultivars), ± flabellate to oval-quadrate, (2–)12–18(–25+) mm. Disc florets (10–)50–120+; corollas 7–12+ mm. Cypselae 6–11 mm; pappi of 0–2, ± subulate-aristate scales 6–12+ mm plus 2–4 distinct or connate, linear-oblong, ± erose scales 2–6+ mm. 2n = 24, 48.

  • Provided by: [J].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
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    Tagetes erecta L., Sp. Pl. 887. 1753.

    Erectas, robustas, con raíz fibrosa, follaje con olor acre; tallos 0.3–1 m de alto, muy frondosos, muy ramificados en la parte superior, acostillados, glabros o puberulentos a vellosos en líneas. Hojas opuestas en la parte inferior, alternas en la superior, 5–20 cm de largo, imparipinnadas con un raquis angostamente alado, folíolos lanceolados, 7–40 mm de largo y (1) 3–7 mm de ancho, agudos a acuminados, serrados a subenteros, los más inferiores reducidos y frecuentemente setiforme-divididos, glabros o proximalmente puberulentos, punteados con glándulas circulares en hileras submarginales. Capitulescencias solitarias y terminales o cimas corimbiformes de pocos capítulos, pedúnculos 5–15 cm de largo, proximalmente con varias bractéolas setiforme-divididas, distalmente desnudos y claviforme-fistulosos, glabros y frecuentemente glaucos; capítulos radiados, frecuentemente dobles, vistosos; involucros campanulados, 13–19 mm de largo y 9–25 mm de ancho; filarias 7–11, cada una con 2 hileras submarginales de glándulas; flósculos del radio 8–10 o dobles y muy numerosos y gradualmente en transición a los flósculos del disco, las lígulas 5–15 mm de largo, enteras a profundamente hendidas, amarillas a anaranjado obscuras, el tubo 5–10 mm de largo; flósculos del disco 90–350, las corolas delgadas, tubulares e igualmente 5-lobadas a bastante ensanchadas, parecidas a los radios y muy desigualmente 4–5-lobadas, amarillas a anaranjadas. Aquenios 4-angulados, 6.5–9 mm de largo, glabros o puberulentos en los ángulos; vilano de 1–2 cerdas antrorso-escábridas de 8–11 mm de largo, y 2–3 escamas truncadas más o menos connadas de 3–6 mm de largo.

    No he visto especímenes nicaragüenses que definitivamente se refieran a esta especie, pero es comúnmente cultivada como ornamental y ocasionalmente escapa a áreas alteradas. Es probablemente nativa de México donde ha sido cultivada desde épocas precoloniales. T. erecta y T. patula, una especie tetraploide, son extremadamente similares y prácticamente no existen caracteres confiables que las diferencien consistentemente. Cada una existe en una multitud de formas cultivadas y se ha llevado a cabo una gran selección paralela. En la Flora of Guatemala fueron sinonimizadas bajo el primer nombre. Es usada en medicina local y en ceremonias religiosas. "Flor de muerto".

  • Provided by: [I].Flora de Nicaragua
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    Stout, strong-scented, fibrous-rooted, annual herbs; stems erect, 0.3-1 m tall, very leafy, much branched above, ribbed, glabrous or puberulent to villous in lines. Leaves opposite below, alternate above, 5-20 cm long, odd-pinnate with a narrowly winged rachis, the leaflets opposite or alternate, lanceolate, acute to acuminate, sharply serrate to subentire, the lowermost reduced in size and often setiform-dissected, glabrous or puberulent near the base, punctate with circular oil glands in submarginal rows. Inflorescence of a few terminal solitary heads; peduncles 5-15 cm long, with several setiform-dissected bracts near the base, naked and strongly clavate-inflated above, glabrous, often glaucous. Heads radiate, often double, showy; involucres campanulate, 13-19 mm high, 9-25 mm broad, the bracts 7-11, marginally fused nearly to the short erect triangular tips, some- times splitting apart in age, glabrous, glaucous, punctate in txvo submarginal vertical rows with elliptical oil glands, the free tips with 2-7 ovate glands; ray florets few (8-10) or in double forms very numerous and grading into the disc

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Panama
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    florets, the corollas yellow, 10-20 mm long, the tube slender, the ligule broad, showy, entire to deeply cleft; disc florets 100-200, the corollas yellow, equally to very unequally 4-5-lobed, sometimes ciliate-margined or pubescent within, the anthers 2-3 mm long with short triangular appendages, the style branches elongate, slender. Achenes 6.5-9 mm long, black, angled, minutely pubescent on the angles or glabrous, narrowed to a shiny knoblike carpopodium; pappus of 1 or 2 stout, long-acuminate, flattened bristles 8-11 mm long and 2-3 more-or-less united truncate scales or bristles 3-6 mm long. Chromosome numbers n = 12 (24)

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Panama
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    "And T. patula L., the “French” marigold, both native to Mex., are widely cult. in double forms and occasionally escape. T. erecta has yellow or orange heads mostly 6–10 cm wide on fistulous peduncles, the invol ca 2 cm. T. patula has smaller, usually partly or wholly deep red-orange heads 3.5–5 cm wide on scarcely fistulous peduncles, the invol ca 1.5 cm."

  • Provided by: [B].New York Botanical Garden
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    Morphology

    Achenes black, 7–10 mm long; pappus of 1–2 setae 6–12 mm long and 3–4 scales 3–5 mm long.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Capitula solitary, on long stalks which are thickened near the apex; involucre 12–20 mm long; phyllaries 5–8, connate, glabrous except for apex, glandular.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Ray florets 5–8, golden yellow, the ray 10–25 mm long; disc florets many, 10–16 mm long.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
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    Annual herb 0.4–1.8 m high.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
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    Leaves opposite, the upper alternate, elliptic in outline, pinnatisect with narrowly winged midrib, to 20 cm long, glabrous and glandular.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Annual herb 0.4-1.8 m high. Leaves opposite, the upper alternate, elliptic in outline, pinnatisect with narrowly winged midrib, to 20 cm long, glabrous and glandular. Capitula solitary, on long stalks which are thickened near the apex; involucre 12-20 mm long; phyllaries 5-8, connate, glabrous except for apex, glandular. Ray florets 5-8, golden yellow, the ray 10-25 mm long; disc florets many, 10-16 mm long. Achenes black, 7-10 mm long; pappus of 1-2 setae 6-12 mm long and 3-4 scales 3-5 mm long.

  • Provided by: [E].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Annual herb, up to 1 m high. Leaves pinnate, leaflets lanceolate, margins serrate. Heads solitary, on long peduncle which enlarges upwards. Pappus of scales united basally. Flowers light yellow to orange.

  • Provided by: [E].e-Flora of South Africa
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    • 11
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    Plante annuelle, dressée, ressemble à T. patula, mais plus robuste, moins ramifiée. Capitules d'habitude plus grands atteignant 5-8(-10) cm de large, solitaires; pédoncules très longs, s'épaississant vers le sommet encore plus que chez l'espèce précédente. Fleurs habituellement jaunes ou jaune-orange, rarement teintées de brun. Glandes involucrales largement elliptiques à rondes.

  • Provided by: [H].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    • Source: [
    • 12
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    Habit

    herbs

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 8
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    Habitat

    Lake shore or by streams.

  • Provided by: [E].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 10
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    Escaped from cultivation, weed in disturbed places.

  • Provided by: [E].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 11
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    Distribution

    Tanzania, widely cultivated and sometimes naturalized; originally from the Americas.

  • Provided by: [E].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 10
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    Native to America.

  • Provided by: [E].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Flor de Muerto
    cravo de defuntoPortuguese

      Bibliography

     Information From

    Compositae
    CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0). https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • B Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • D Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • E All Rights Reserved
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • G
    Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    https://www.floredafriquecentrale.be
    • H http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • I Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • J Flora of North America Association
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • K CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).