Aeschynomene indica L.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Aeschynomene indica L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000173414. Accessed on: 11 Apr 2021'

General Information

Shrublets or annual herbs, (15-)30-100(-150) cm tall. Stems erect, many branched, cylindric, hollow, glabrous, corky at base, often with nodule-bearing adventitious roots. Stipules elliptic to lanceolate, 4-11 × 1-2 cm, membranous, caducous, base auriculate, apex acuminate. Leaves 20-60-foliolate, often sensitive; petiole 2-4 mm; rachis with tuberculate-based tri­chomes; leaflet blades linear-oblong, 3-13 × 1-3 mm, papery, base oblique, apex obtuse and mucronate. Inflorescences axil­lary, racemose, sometimes short or reduced to a solitary flower; peduncle 4-7 mm, with tuberculate-based trichomes; bracts ovate, caducous, margin often denticulate. Bracteoles ovate-lanceolate, persistent. Calyx 3-4 mm, membranous, glabrous. Corolla pale yellow with purplish longitudinal striations. Leg­ume linear-oblong, 2.2-3.4 cm × 3-5 mm, straight, herbaceous to leathery, abaxial suture straight, slightly indented; articles 2-8, quadrate, slightly muricate and with tuberculate-based tri­chomes. Seeds blackish brown, reniform, ca. 2 mm. Fl. Jul-Sep, fr. Jul-Oct. 2n = 40.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
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    Annual undershrub, 30-90 cm tall, stem glabrous, branches terete with prickle-like glandular excretions. Leaf 3.5-9.0 cm long, rachis furnished with glandular excretions looking like prickles. Leaflets 21-71, alternate, subsessile, overlapping, 2.5-6.5 mm long, 1.2-2.0 mm broad, linear, obtuse, mucronate, glabrous. Inflorescence a 1-4-flowered axillary raceme, peduncle c. 2.5 cm long, peduncle and pedicel glandular, viscid, pedicel 5-9 mm long. Bracts c. 2 mm long. Calyx 6-7 mm long, bilabiate, glabrous, upper lip bifid, lower minutely 3-toothed. Corolla 9-10 mm long, yellow, vexillum veined with purple. Fruit 2.5-4.5 cm long, 3-5 mm broad, slightly curved, 6-10 jointed, glabrous or slightly hairy, readily separating into 1-seeded parts.

  • Provided by: [H].Flora of Pakistan
    • Source: [
    • 15
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    Morphology

    An undershrub 2–4 ft. high

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
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    Pale yellow, faintly striate flowers

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
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    Erect subshrubby annual or perennial herb, 0.3–2.5 m tall.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 12
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    Stems mostly slender, c. 5 mm wide at the base but sometimes thick and spongy up to 2.5 cm wide, pubescent with mostly rather sparse tubercular-based sometimes glandular hairs.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 12
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    Standard yellow or whitish, mostly lined and suffused with red outside or purplish, 7–10 × 4–7 mm, elliptic; wings and keel greenish-white or pale yellow, the petals of the latter not laciniate.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 12
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    Fruit 2.4–4.8 cm long excluding the 6–9 mm stipe, linear, straight or slightly curved, 5–13-jointed, one suture ± straight, the other slightly constricted between the articles; articles 3–5 mm long and wide, oblong, compressed, with sparse short tubercular-based hairs, central part raised and venulose or sometimes rugose, surrounding lower area at length rather coarsely rugose.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 12
    • ]. 

    Seeds dark olive, black or brownish, 2.8 × 2.5 × 1.3–1.8 mm, oblong, slightly beaked near the eccentric small hilum.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 12
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    Leaves sometimes sensitive, 16–50(70)-foliolate; leaflets 3–13 × 1–3 mm, linear-oblong, rounded and mucronulate at the apex, obliquely rounded at the base, entire or very finely serrulate, glabrous; venation obscure; petiole and rhachis together 1.2–10 cm long, with tubercular-based hairs; petiolules 0.3 mm long; stipules 3–15 × 1–3.5 mm, elliptic-lanceolate, straight, spurred, deciduous.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 12
    • ]. 

    Inflorescences leaf-opposed or axillary, 1–6-flowered; peduncle 8–21 mm long; rhachis 1.5–6 cm long; pedicels 1–2 and finally up to 8 mm long; bracts 3.5–6 × l.5–2.5 mm, mostly ovate, often lacerate or toothed, deciduous; bracteoles 2.5–4.5 × 1–2 mm, ovate-lanceolate to lanceolate, acuminate, ciliolate.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 12
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    Calyx glabrous, 2-lipped; lips 4–6 × 2–3 mm, oblong, one 2-fid, the other 3-fid.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 12
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    Leaves sometimes sensitive, 16–50(–70)-foliolate; leaflets linear-oblong, 0.3–1.3 cm. long, 1–3 mm. wide, rounded and mucronulate at the apex, obliquely rounded at the base, entire or very finely serrulate, glabrous; venation obscure; petiole and rhachis together 1.2–10 cm. long, with tubercular-based hairs; petiolules 0.3 mm. long; stipules elliptic-lanceolate, straight, spurred, 0.3–1.5 cm. long, 1–3.5 mm. wide, deciduous.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 13
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    Stems mostly slender, ± 5 mm. wide at the base but sometimes thick and spongy up to 2.5 cm. wide, pubescent with mostly rather sparse tubercular-based sometimes glandular hairs.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 13
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    Erect subshrubby annual or perennial herb, 0.3–2.5 m. tall.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 13
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    Inflorescences leaf-opposed or axillary, 1–6-flowered; rhachis 1.5–6 cm. long; peduncle 0.8–2.1 cm. long; pedicels 1–2 and finally up to 8 mm. long; bracts mostly ovate, 3.5–6 mm. long, 1.5–2.5 mm. wide, often lacerate or toothed, deciduous; bracteoles ovate-lanceolate to lanceolate, 2.5–4.5 mm. long, 1–2 mm. wide, acuminate, ciliolate.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    • 13
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    Fig. 54/4, p. 366.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 13
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    Pods linear, straight or slightly curved, 2.4–4.8 cm. long excluding the 6–9 mm. stipe, 5–13-jointed, one suture ± straight, the other slightly constricted between the articles; articles oblong, 3–5 mm. long and wide, compressed, with sparse short tubercular-based hairs, central part raised and venulose or sometimes rugose, surrounding lower area at length rather coarsely rugose.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 13
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    Seeds dark olive, black or brownish, oblong, slightly beaked near the eccentric small hilum, longest dimension 2.8 mm., shorter dimension 2.5 mm., 1.3–1.8 mm. thick.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 13
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    Calyx glabrous, 2-lipped, the lips oblong, 4–6 mm. long, 2–3 mm. wide, one 2-fid, the other 3-fid.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 13
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    Standard yellow or whitish, mostly lined and suffused with red outside or purplish, elliptic, 0.7–1 cm. long, 4–7 mm. wide; wings and keel greenish-white or pale yellow, the petals of the latter not laciniate.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 13
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    Erect herb, up to 1.2 m high, drying greenish. Leaves 16-50(-70)-foliolate. Inflorescences leaf-opposed or axillary. Pods with articles strongly tuberculate when adult. Flowers pale yellow.

  • Provided by: [G].e-Flora of South Africa
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    • 16
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    Herbe'suffrutescente,' Annuelle' ou vivace, dressée, de 0,30-2,50 m de haut, ramifiée; tiges très légères; tiges et gousses brun verdâtre à l'état sec; ramilles, pétioles, rachis des feuilles et axe des inflorescences garnis de poils courts, ± abondants et bulbeux.'Feuilles'à stipules elliptiques-lancéolées, éperonnées, rectilignes, de 3-15 mm de long et de 1-3 mm de large, caduques; pétiole et rachis de 1,2-10 cm de long; folioles 16-70; limbe linéaire, mucronulé, entier à finement serreté, de 3-13 mm de long et de 1-3 mm de large, glabre.'Racèmes'oppositifoliés ou axillaires, 1-4(6)-flores, de 0,7-4 cm de long pédoncule compris; bractées denticulées, de 3,5-4 mm de long et de 1,5-2 mm de large, caduques.' Fleurs' à pédicelle de 1-2 mm de long et jusqu'à 8 mm sous la gousse; bractéoles ovales-lancéolées à lancéolées, acuminées, de 2,5-4 mm de long et de 1-1,5 mm de large, ciliolées; calice bilabié, à lèvres oblongues, de 4-6 mm de long et de 2-3 mm de large, glabres, l'une bidentée, l'autre tridentée au sommet; étendard elliptique, de 7-10 mm de long et de 4-7 mm de large; ailes libres, ± elliptiques, légèrement falciformes, de 7-8 mm de long et de 1,5-3,5 mm de large; carène à pièces entières, ± elliptiques, falciformes, soudées entre elles jusqu'au sommet, libres à la base, de 7-9 mm de long et de 1,5-2,5 mm de large; étamines de 6-11 mm de long; anthères toutes semblables; ovaire de 4-7(8) mm de long, garni de poils bulbeux ou rarement glabre; stipe de 2-3(4) mm de long et jusqu'à 10 mm sous la gousse; ovules 9-12; style de 2-3(4) mm de long.'Gousses linéaires, rectilignes ou faiblement courbées, de (2,5)3-4,5 cm de long, à suture rectiligne et à nervure légèrement crénelée ou parfois subrectiligne; articles (5-7)8-12, de 3-4(5) mm de long et de 3-4(5) mm de large, plans, éparsement pubescents à glabrescents, veinulés et, à l'état adulte, ordinairement grossièrement verruqueux.

  • Provided by: [C].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
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    • 17
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    Ecology

    In muddy places near rivers and swamps.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
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    Habitat

    Grassland and mud edge of water.

  • Provided by: [G].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 16
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    Marais, bords des eaux, savanes à Themeda.

  • Provided by: [C].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
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    • 17
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    Distribution

    Du Sénégal à l'Érythrée et de la Somalie anglaise au Transvaal; au Sud-Ouest africain et à l'Angola; Gabon; São Tomé; Madagascar; Asie tropicale et subtropicale; Australie; Amérique du Nord

  • Provided by: [C].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
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    • 17
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      Bibliography

     Information From

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    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    https://www.floredafriquecentrale.be
    • C http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
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    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
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    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • E The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
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    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • G All Rights Reserved
    Flora of Pakistan
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Pakistan
    Flora of Pakistan. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2020.
    • H Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
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    • I CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    International Union for Conservation of Nature v.3
    https://www.iucnredlist.org/
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    • J See IUCN Terms and conditions of use http://www.iucnredlist.org/info/terms-of-use
    International Union for Conservation of Nature
    https://www.iucn.org/
    IUCN 2016. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-2
    • K All Rights Reserved