Arachis hypogaea L.
  • Amendoim


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Arachis hypogaea L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000174378. Accessed on: 28 Sep 2021'

General Information

Herbs, annual, erect to decumbent. Stems erect or procum­bent, (6-)30-80 cm tall, yellowish pubescent, glabrescent. Stipules 2-4 cm, pilose. Leaves usually 4-foliolate; petiole 3.7-10 cm, covered with long flexuous trichomes, basally adnate to stipule; petiolules 1-10 mm, velutinous; leaflet blades ovate-oblong to obovate, 1.1-5.9 × 0.5-3.4 cm, papery, both surfaces with long trichomes, veins ca. 10 on each side of midvein, base almost rounded, margin ciliate, apex obtuse or emarginate and mucronate. Bracts lanceolate, apex acuminate. Flowers 8-10 mm, sessile; bracteoles lanceolate, ca. 5 mm, velutinous. Calyx tube 4-6 mm, thin. Corolla yellow to golden yellow; standard spreading, apex emarginate; wings distinct, oblong to obliquely ovate, slender; keels distinct, long ovate, shorter than wings, inflexed, apex acuminate to beaked. Ovary oblong; style longer than calyx; stigma terminal, small, sparsely pubescent. Legume geocarpic, oblong, inflated, 2-5 × 1-1.3 cm, thick-walled, retic­ulate veined, with 1-4(-6) seeds. Seeds light brown, oblong, 5-10 mm in diam. Fl. May-Aug, fr. Jul-Sep. 4n = 40.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
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    Por Amy Pool

    Arachis hypogaea L., Sp. Pl. 741. 1753.

    Hierbas anuales, eje central erecto, ramas procumbentes, no radicantes en los nudos. Folíolos 1.6–4.4 cm de largo y 1.2–2.5 cm de ancho, ápice redondeado y mucronulado o emarginado; raquis 0.5–1.5 cm de largo, pecíolo 2–6 cm de largo. Inflorescencias con sólo una flor abierta a la vez y de apariencia solitaria; pétalos amarillos. Legumbres no articulado, 2–6 cm de largo y 1–1.5 cm de grueso, contraídas entre las semillas, pero no septadas, pericarpo reticulado; semillas (1) 2 (--5).

    Cultivada como forraje; fl sep, fr may, nov, dic; Díaz s.n.; Jerez 26; nativa del sur de Sudamérica, cultivada en todos los trópicos y en áreas cálidas.

  • Provided by: [K].Flora de Nicaragua
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    Plantas procumbentes o erectas, los tallos sin raíces en los nudos (o a veces en los nudos proximales), las ramitas anguladas, ferrugíneo-pilosas; estípulas 1–5 cm, la porción libre distal 2–3.5 cm. Hojas con el pecíolo 3–8.5 cm; folíolos 1–7 X 0.7–3.2(–4) cm, obovados u oblongos, glabros en el haz, ± ferrugíneo-pilosos en el envés. Infls. 1.5–5 cm, al parecer de 1 fl. solitaria. Fls. amarillas a anaranjadas; cáliz (hipanto) 20–40 mm, los labios 6–7 mm; estandarte 7–13 mm. Frs. 2–7 X 1–1.5 cm, subcilíndricos, no articulados, lisos o longitudinalmente acostillados y reticulados, el clavo 1–20 cm.

  • Provided by: [G].Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
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    "Stem soon decumbent; lfls oblong-obovate to obovate, 3–6 cm; fls in the lower axils; standard orbicular, 12–16 mm; pedicel elongating and curved down after anthesis, pushing the fr into the soil; 2n=40. Native of S. Amer., cult. in se. U.S. and occasionally escaped along our s. border. Summer."

  • Provided by: [J].New York Botanical Garden
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    Annual, erect or straggling herb, c. 30 cm long. Leaf stipulate, stipule 1.5-4.0 cm long, ciliate. Free part of petiole 1.5-7 cm long; leaflets 4, obovate or elliptic, 1-7 cm long, 0.7-3.2 cm wide, rounded or emarginate and mucronate at the apex, glabrous or sparsely pilose beneath. Flowers solitary axillary, pedicellate; primary bracts ovate-lanceolate, 1-1.4 cm long, 4-5 mm wide, biapiculate; secondary bracts similar but bifid. Hypanthium 2-4 mm long, pubescent. Corolla 0.7-1.3 cm long, yellow with red nerves. Stamens 8-9. Pod 2-6 cm long, 1-1.5 cm wide, gynophore becoming 1-20 cm long. Seed subovoid, 1-2 cm long.

  • Provided by: [I].Flora of Pakistan
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    Morphology

    Flowers axillary, apparently solitary and stalked; primary bracts 10–14 × 4–5 mm, ovate-lanceolate, biapiculate; secondary bracts similar but 2-fid.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
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    Receptacle 0.2–4 cm long, pilose.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 12
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    Stems at first pilose, later glabrescent.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
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    Leaves 4-foliolate; leaflets 1–7 × 0.7–3.2 cm, obovate or elliptic, rounded or emarginate and mucronate at the apex, narrowly rounded to the base, glabrous, or sparsely pilose beneath, ciliate; free part of petiole 1.5–7 cm long; petiolules 1–2 mm long; stipules 1.5–4 cm long, free part 0.6–3.2 cm long, linear-lanceolate, very acute, ciliate.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 12
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    Corolla yellow, usually with red nerves, 7–13 mm long.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
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    Stamens 8–9.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 12
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    Annual, erect or straggling herb c. 30 cm long.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 12
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    Fruit 2–6 × 1–1.5 cm, the gynophore becoming 1–20 cm long.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
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    Seeds 1–2 cm long and c. two-thirds the length in diameter, irregularly ovoid.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
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    Leaves 4-foliolate; leaflets obovate or elliptic, 1–7 cm. long, 0.7–3.2 cm. wide, rounded or emarginate and mucronate at the apex, narrowly rounded to the base, glabrous, or sparsely pilose beneath, ciliate; free part of petiole 1.5–7 cm. long; petiolules 1–2 mm. long; stipules 1.5– 4 cm. long; free part linear-lanceolate, very acute, 0.6–3.2 cm. long, ciliate.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 13
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    Flowers axillary, apparently solitary and stalked; primary bracts ovate-lanceolate, 1–1.4 cm. long, 4–5 mm. wide, biapiculate; secondary bracts similar but bifid.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 13
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    Annual erect or straggling herb ± 30 cm. long.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 13
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    Stems at first pilose, later glabrescent.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 13
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    Corolla yellow, mostly with red nerves, 0.7–1.3 cm. long.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 13
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    Receptacle 0.2–4 cm. long, pilose.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 13
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    Pods 2–6 cm. long, 1–1.5 cm. wide, the gynophore becoming 1–20 cm. long.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 13
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    Stamens 8–9.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
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    Fig. 63, p. 441.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
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    Seeds irregularly ovoid, 1–2 cm. long and ± two-thirds the length in diameter.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
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    Erect or prostrate annual or perennial herb. Leaves paripinnately 4-foliolate, prominently veined. Pods oblong or sausage-shaped, 20-60 mm long with gyno-phore 10-200 mm long. Flowers yellow.

  • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Herbe \n\t\t\t Annuelle' à tiges érigées ou rampantes, poilues puis glabrescentes ainsi que les pétioles et les rachis foliaires.'Feuilles'à stipules de 1,5-4 cm de long dont 0,6-3,2 cm pour les parties libres, glabres, ciliées; partie libre du pétiole et du rachis de 2,5-9 cm de long dont 1,5-7 cm pour le pétiole; pétiolule de 1-2 mm de long; limbe obovale ou parfois elliptique, arrondi à rétus au sommet, de 1-7 cm de long et de 0,7-3,2 cm de large, glabre ou éparsement poilu à la face inférieure, cilié. Epis à bractées primaires ovales-lancéolées, biapiculées, de 10-14 mm de long et de 4-5 mm de large; bractées secondaires bifides, de mêmes dimensions que les primaires.' Fleurs' à réceptacle atteignant 0,2-4 cm de long, poilu; corolle jaune parfois striée de rouge, de 0,7-1,3 cm de long; étamines 8-9.'Gousses de 2-6 cm de long et de 1-1,5 cm de diam., à gynophore de 1-20 cm de long.

  • Provided by: [E].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    • Source: [
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    Habitat

    Mixed bushveld and grassland. Native to Brazil.

  • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 19
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    Uses

    Plante alimentaire et industrielle à graines riches en huile (40 à 50 %). L'huile d'arachide est utilisée en savonnerie et comme huile alimentaire.

  • Provided by: [E].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
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    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    AmendoimPortuguese

      Bibliography

     Information From

    Fabaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • C
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • D All Rights Reserved
    Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    https://www.floredafriquecentrale.be
    • E http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Costa%20Rica
    Hammel, B. E.; Grayum, M. H.; Herrera, C.; Zamora, N. Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2003-2014
    • G Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • H
    Flora of Pakistan
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Pakistan
    Flora of Pakistan. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2020.
    • I Missouri Botanical Garden
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • J Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • K Missouri Botanical Garden
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • L Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • M CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).