Phaseolus lunatus L.
  • FRIJOL LIMA, FRIJOLILLO.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Phaseolus lunatus L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000183263. Accessed on: 18 Sep 2021'

General Information

Annual or perennial herbs, twining. Stems pubescent or glabrous. Stipules triangular, 2-3.5 mm; leaflets ovate, 5-12 × 3-9 cm, lateral ones often oblique, sparsely pubescent along veins or glabrous on both surfaces, base rounded or broadly cuneate, apex acuminate or acute. Racemes axillary, 8-20 cm. Bracteoles elliptic, shorter than calyx tube, with 3 elevated veins when dry. Calyx campanulate, 2-3 mm, pubescent. Corolla white, yellowish, or reddish; standard 7-10 × 5-8.5 mm, apex emarginate; wings obovate; keel apex twisted for 1-2 turns. Ovary pubescent. Legumes falcate-oblong, 5-10 × 1.5-2.5 cm, compressed, apex beaked, 2-4-seeded. Seeds white, purple, or other color, subrhombic or reniform, 12-13 × 8.5-9.5 mm. Fl. spring to summer.

  • Provided by: [M].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
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    Phaseolus lunatus L., Sp. Pl. 724. 1753; P. inamoenus L.; P. puberulus Kunth; P. limensis Macfad.; P. saccharatus Macfad.; P. viridis Piper; P. rosei Piper; P. lunatus var. silvester Baudet.

    Hierbas trepadoras, perennes, raíz primaria no engrosada; tallos estriados, glabros a escasamente pubescentes. Folíolos ovados a rómbicos o deltoide-ovados, 3–13 cm de largo y 1.5–6 cm de ancho, ápice agudo, base redondeada o ampliamente cuneada, membranosos a subcoriáceos, esparcidamente estrigosos, estipelas lineares, ovadas a lanceoladas; pecíolos 1.8–12 cm de largo, estípulas triangulares a lanceoladas, 1.5–2.5 (3.5) mm de largo, generalmente reflexas. Inflorescencias 8–36 cm de largo, raquis a veces con nudos con más de 2 flores, pedicelos hasta 13 mm de largo, brácteas primarias oblongo-ovadas, 1–2 mm de largo, con 3 nervios, bractéolas oblongo-ovadas, raramente lanceoladas, 1–2 mm de largo, generalmente con 3 nervios, flores 1–1.5 cm de largo, lilas, rosadas a violetas (blancas en las plantas cultivadas); cáliz campanulado, 2.5–3.5 mm de largo, glabro o escasamente hírtulo, dientes laterales e inferior triangulares, ca 1 mm de largo; estandarte oblongo u orbicular, 6.5–7 mm de largo, alas obovadas, 10–15 mm de largo, quilla con 1.5–2 espiras; estambre vexilar con apéndice globoso basal; ovario glabro, estigma introrso. Frutos oblongos, falcados, péndulos, 3.5–6.5 (8.3) cm de largo y 1–1.4 cm de ancho, comprimidos, dehiscentes, valvas delgadas a subcoriáceas, glabras o escasamente pubescentes; semillas 3–6, oblongas, cuadradas, reniformes u orbiculares, 6–10 mm de largo y 5–9 mm de ancho, comprimidas, cafés a negras, moteadas con negro, hilo oblongo-oblanceolado, 1.5–2.5 mm de largo, germinación epigea.

    Común, en bosques de galería, bosques secos y bosques perennifolios, en todo el país; 10–1500 m; fl y fr nov–mar; Moreno 5581, Stevens 5380; ampliamente distribuida en los trópicos de ambos hemisferios, ya sea como planta cultivada o escapada. "Frijol de lima".

  • Provided by: [L].Flora de Nicaragua
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    Erect, ascending or nearly prostrate slender vine, sometimes somewhat scan- dent, sometimes branched; stems pilose with weak hairs, glabrescent. Leaves pinnate trifoliolate, leaflets ovate to deltoidal, sometimes rhombic ovate, apically deltoid, blunt but mucronulate, basally broader, sometimes rounded, mostly 6- 8 cm long, 4-6 cm wide, 3 veined from the base, the lateral veins distally arcuate, somewhat evanescent, mostly drying concolorous, the sparse minute pubescence mostly confined to the costa; petiolules 2-3 mm long, puberulent; rachis mostly 1.5-3 cm long; stipels minute but evident, persistent, mostly 0.5-1.0 mm long; petioles mostly longer than the terminal leaflet, glabrate or sparingly pubescent with weak, subappressed hairs at anthesis. Inflorescences axillary or lateral, short or elongate pseudoracemes to 25 cm long, the nodes often well spaced proximally, more condensed distally, the bracts mostly 2-3 cm long, acute, sericeous, incon- spicuous, the rachis and the peduncle sparingly pilose, glabrescent; pedicels 1- 4 per node, slender, 6-9 mm long; bracteoles mostly ca. 1 mm long, pubescent or not, 3-nervate, spathaceous, subtending the calyx less than 1/2 as long as the calyx. Flowers greenish or purplish, the calyx 2-3 mm long, the tube campanu- late, the limb somewhat flaring, the lobes rounded or short deltoid, ciliolate; standard ca. 1 cm long, broad, flat, often puberulent externally, keel spiralled. Legume flat, slightly turgid around the seeds, falcate, 3-8 cm long, 1.5-2 cm broad, glabrate; seeds 2-4, reniform, compressed.

  • Provided by: [I].Flora de Panama
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    Hierba o bejuco trepador (hasta al menos 15 m), perenne, las ramitas glabras o glabradas; estípulas reflexas, ca. 0.15–0.25 X 0.01–0.15 cm, ovado-lanceoladas. Hojas con el pecíolo 1.8–12 cm; folíolos 3–13 X 1.5–6 cm, ovados a rómbicos o deltados, agudos en el ápice, membranáceos, glabros o glabrados en ambas caras o + estrigosos en el envés. Infls. 8–36 cm, de numerosas fls. dispersas a lo largo del raquis; brácteas 1–2 X 0.5–1.3 mm, oblongo-ovadas, las bractéolas 1–2 X 0.5–1 mm, oblongo-ovadas. Fls. blancas (en plantas cult.) o rosadas a lila o violeta, con el pedicelo hasta ca. 13 mm, muy delgado; cáliz 2.5–3.5 mm; pétalos 10–15 mm. Frs. 3.5–6.5(–8.5) X 1–1.4 cm, oblongos, falcados, comprimidos, glabros; semillas 3–6, pardas a negras y moteadas con negro, 6–10 X 5–9 mm, oblongas o cuadradas a reniformes u orbiculares, aplanadas, con germinación epígea.

  • Provided by: [K].Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
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    Perennial climber, stem glabrous or pubescent. Leaf trifoliolate, petiole 1.5-19 cm long; leaflets 3-15 cm long, 1.2-10 cm broad, the lateral leaflets oblique, ovate to lanceolate or narrowly rhombic; acuminate, sparsely pubescent or glabrous; petiolules 3-5 mm long; stipules 2-3.5 mm long. Inflorescence a peduncled raceme; peduncle 1.5-30 cm long. Bracts 1.5 mm long, bracteoles 1.5-2.0 mm long. Pedicel 5-10 mm long. Calyx pubescent, tube 1.5-2.5 mm long, teeth 5-8 mm long, upper 2 joined to form an emarginate lip. Corolla white, yellowish or pale rose. Vexillum 5-7 mm long, sparsely pubescent or glabrous externally. Keel 10-14 mm long, spirally twisted for 1½ turns. Fruit 5-10.5 cm long, 1.2-2.5 cm broad, oblong-falcate or oblong, 3-4-seeded, glabrous or pubescent.

  • Provided by: [H].Flora of Pakistan
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    Morphology

    Rather small greenish-white or bluish flowers.

  • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    A rank-growing twiner, biennial, with half-woody stems

  • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    • 3
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    Calyx puberulous; tube 1.5–2.5 mm long; lobes 5–8 mm long, broadly triangular, the upper pair joined to form an emarginate lip.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Pods (4.5)5–10.5(13) × 1.2–2.2(2.5) cm, oblong-falcate or oblong-oblanceolate, 3–4-seeded, compressed, apiculate at the apex, glabrous or pubescent.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Standard white, yellowish-buff or pale rose, 5–7 × 5–8.5 mm, rounded or oblate-oblong, emarginate, sparsely pubescent or glabrous outside; keel 1–1.4 cm long, spirally incurved for 11/2 turns.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Seeds very variable in colour, mostly white or purple, 10–15 × 8–12 × 5–5.5 mm, reniform or rhomboid-reniform, compressed; hilum whitish, 2.5–4 mm long

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Inflorescences lax, few–several-flowered; rhachis 1–7 cm long; peduncle 1.5–30 cm long; pedicels 5–10 mm long; bracts persistent, 1.5 mm long, lanceolate; bracteoles persistent, 1.5–2 × 0.5–1 mm, elliptic or ovate, (1)3–7-nerved.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Leaflets 3, 3–15 × 1.2–10 cm, the laterals oblique, ovate to lanceolate or narrowly rhombic, acute or acuminate, ± rounded at the base, sparsely pubescent or glabrous; petiole 1.5–19 cm long; rhachis 0.7–5 cm long; petiolules 3–5 mm long; stipules 2–3.5 mm long, ovate-lanceolate, persistent.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Stems glabrous or pubescent.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Perennial or biennial climber, sometimes subshrubby, 1–4.5 m long.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Stems glabrous or pubescent.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Leaflets 3, the laterals oblique, ovate to lanceolate or narrowly rhombic, 3–15 cm. long, 1·2–10 cm. wide, acute or acuminate, ± rounded at the base, sparsely pubescent or glabrous; petiole 1·5–19 cm. long; rhachis 0·7–5 cm. long; petiolules 3–5 mm. long; stipules ovate-lanceolate, persistent, 2–3·5 mm. long.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Perennial or biennial climber or sometimes subshrubby, 1–4·5 m. long.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
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    Standard white, yellowish-buff or pale rose, rounded or oblate-oblong, 5–7 mm. long, 5–8·5 mm. wide, emarginate, sparsely pubescent or glabrous outside; keel 1–1·4 cm. long, spirally incurved for 11/2 turns.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Pods oblong-falcate or oblong-oblanceolate, 3–4-seeded, (4·5–)5–10·5(–13) cm. long, 1·2–2·2(–2·5) cm. wide, compressed, apiculate at the apex, glabrous or pubescent.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    • 18
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    Inflorescences lax, few–several-flowered; rhachis 1–7 cm. long; peduncle 1·5–30 cm. long; pedicels 5–10 mm. long; bracts persistent, lanceolate, 1·5 mm. long; bracteoles persistent, elliptic or ovate, 1·5–2 mm. long, 0·5–1 mm. wide, (1–)3–7-nerved.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Calyx puberulous; tube 1·5–2·5 mm. long; lobes broadly triangular, 5–8 mm. long, the upper pair joined to form an emarginate lip.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Seeds very variable in colour, mostly white or purple, reniform or rhomboid-reniform, compressed, longest dimension 1–1·5 cm., shorter dimension 0·8–1·2 cm., 5–5·5 mm. thick; hilum whitish, 2·5–4 mm. long.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Fig. 95, p. 616.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Liane'vivace à suffrutescente atteignant 1 m de haut; tiges pubescentes à glabres.'Feuilles'3-foliolées; stipules ovales-lancéolées, de 2-3,5 mm de long, persistantes; pétiole de 1,5-19 cm de long; rachis de 7-50 mm de long; folioles à stipelles oblongues, de 1-2 mm de long; pétiolule de 3-5 mm de long; limbe ovale à lancéolé ou losangique, arrondi à subarrondi à la base, acuminé à aigu au sommet, de 3-15 cm de long et 2-10 cm de large, éparsement poilu à glabre; folioles latérales asymétriques.'Racèmes'lâches, de 7-30 cm de long; pédoncule et rachis éparsement pubérulents à glabrescents; bractées lancéolées, de ± 1,5 mm de long, ± persistantes.'Fleurs'blanches, fauves, jaune blanchâtre à rose pâle, de 0,6-0,9 cm de long; pédicelle grêle, de 5-10 mm de long, pubescent; bractéoles ovales-lancéolées, de 1,5-2 mm de long, 3-7- nervées, persistantes; calice éparsement pubescent à pubérulent, à tube de ±1,5 mm de long; lobes losangiques-triangulaires, de 0,5-0,8 mm de long; lèvre supérieure émarginée au sommet; étendard orbiculaire, émarginé au sommet, de 5-7 mm de diam., éparsement pubérulent à glabre sur le dos, muni à la face interne de 2 petits appendices; ailes obovales-oblancéolées, de 7-12 mm de long et ± 3 mm de large; carène spiralée, de 10-14 mm de long; ovaire de ± 3 mm de long, tomentelleux, 3-4-ovulé; style spiralé; stigmate oblique, allongé, interne.'Gousses'en demi-lunes ou falciformes, comprimées, de 5-12 cm de long et 1,2-2,5 cm de large, éparsement pubérulentes à glabres.'Graines 3-4, réniformes, de 10-15 mm de long et 8-12 mm de large, comprimées, de couleur et grandeur variables; bile de 3-4 mm de long, blanchâtre.

  • Provided by: [E].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
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    Habit

    vine

  • Provided by: [I].Flora de Panama
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    • 21
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    Liana/volúvel/trepadeira

  • Provided by: [G].Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    • Habitat

      Savanes à Pennisetum, maquis sclérophylle sur lave, brousse, près des villages, recrûs forestiers et cultures.

    • Provided by: [E].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
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      Distribution

      Uganda; originaire d'Amérique, cultivé dans toutes les régions tropicales et naturalisé par places

    • Provided by: [E].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
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      • 23
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      Uses

      Les gousses et graines sont comestibles, toutefois les graines de quelques variétés sont signalées comme contenant de l'acide prussique.

    • Provided by: [E].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
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      Common Names

      The Lima bean.

    • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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      • 3
      • ]. 

      Distribution Map

       
      • Introduced distribution
      Introduced into
      • Southern America Brazil Ceará
      • Paraní
      • Rio Grande do Sul
      • Minas Gerais
      • Rio de Janeiro
      • São Paulo
      • Mato Grosso do Sul

      Other Local Names

      NameLanguageCountry
      FRIJOL LIMA, FRIJOLILLO.
      Lima bean Habas

        Bibliography

       Information From

      Fabaceae
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      • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
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      http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
      Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
      • B Missouri Botanical Garden
      • C Missouri Botanical Garden
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      https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
      http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
      • D
      Flore d'Afrique Centrale
      https://www.floredafriquecentrale.be
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      https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
      http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
      • F
      Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
      http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
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      https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
      http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
      • J The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
      Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
      http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Costa%20Rica
      Hammel, B. E.; Grayum, M. H.; Herrera, C.; Zamora, N. Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2003-2014
      • K Missouri Botanical Garden
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      http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
      'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
      • M Missouri Botanical Garden
      World Flora Online consortium
      http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
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      • N CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).