Vigna radiata (L.) R.Wilczek


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Vigna radiata (L.) R.Wilczek. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000183493. Accessed on: 27 Oct 2021'

General Information

Annual herbs, erect, twining, or creeping, 20-60 cm tall. Stems hispid with brown spreading hairs. Stipules peltate, ovate, 0.8-1.2 cm, ciliate; petiole 5-21 cm; leaflets ovate, 5-16 × 3-12 cm, lateral ones ± oblique, ± sparsely pilose on both sur­faces, sometimes 3-veined from base, base broadly cuneate or rounded, apex acuminate or acute. Racemes axillary, 4- to sev­eral flowered (up to 25). Bracteoles linear-lanceolate or oblong, striate. Calyx tube 3-4 mm, glabrous; lobes narrowly deltoid, 1.5-4 mm, upper 2 connate into a 2-fid lip. Standard yellow-green outside, sometimes pink inside, suboblate, ca. 1.2 × 1.6 cm, apex emarginate; wings yellow, ovate; keel falcate and in­curved through 180°, green tinged with pink. Legumes linear-terete, 4-9 × ca. 0.6 cm, shortly hispid with pale brown hairs. Seeds 8-14, greenish or yellow-brown, shortly cylindric, 2.5-4 × 2.5-3 mm; hilum white. Fl. May-Jun, fr. Jun-Sep.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
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    Climbing or erect herb, stem pubescent, hairs brown, stiff spreading. Leaf trifoliolate, petiole 5-21 cm long, leaflet 5-16 cm long, 3-12 cm broad, elliptic, rhomboid or ovate, the lateral somewhat oblique, entire or 2-3-lobed, acuminate, glabrous or bristly pilose on both surfaces, petiolule 3-6 mm long; stipules 1-1.8 cm long, peltate. Inflorescence axillary, many flowered, peduncle 2.5-9.5 cm long, bracts 4-5 mm long, pedicel 2-3 mm long, bracteoles 4-7 mm long. Calyx tube 3-4 mm long, glabrous, teeth 1.5-4 mm long, ciliate, the upper pair almost united. Corolla greenish yellow. Vexillum 1.2 cm long. Fruit 4-9 cm long, linear-cylindrical, 5-6 mm broad somewhat constricted between the seeds, pubescent, hairs spreading, dark brown, 8-14-seeded.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora of Pakistan
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    Morphology

    Annual climbing or mostly erect herb, 0·2–0·6 m. tall.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Inflorescences axillary, 4–several(–25)-flowered; peduncle 2·5–9·5 cm. long; pedicels 2–3 mm. long; bracts ovate-lanceolate, 4–5 mm. long, ultimately deciduous; bracteoles linear-lanceolate or oblong, 4–7 mm. long, striate, subpersistent.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    • 3
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    Calyx-tube glabrous, 3–4 mm. long; lobes narrowly triangular, 1·5–4 mm. long, ciliate, the upper pair joined to form a bifid lobe.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Stems covered with long spreading yellow-brown or brown rather bristly hairs.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Leaflets 3, elliptic, rhomboid or ovate, the laterals somewhat oblique, 5–16 cm. long, 3–12 cm. wide, entire or 2–3-lobed, acuminate, broadly cuneate or rounded at the base, glabrous to bristly pilose on both surfaces, sometimes rather conspicuously 3-nerved from the base; petioles 5–21 cm. long; rhachis 1·5–4 cm. long; petiolules 3–6 mm. long; stipules peltate, ovate, rhomboid or obovate-oblong, 1–1·8 cm. long, 0·3–1 cm. wide, margins ciliate; stipels conspicuous, lanceolate.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Standard greenish-yellow outside, sometimes pinkish inside, oblate, somewhat asymmetrically incurved at the apex, 1·2 cm. long, 1·6 cm. wide, emarginate, glabrous; wings yellow; keel green tinged reddish, incurved through 180°, the left-hand petal with a marked pocket.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Pod linear-cylindrical, 4–9 cm. long, 5–6 mm. wide, somewhat constricted between the (8–) 11–14 seeds, covered with dark brown short spreading bristly pubescence.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Seeds greenish, brown or blackish, oblong-cylindrical to globose or subcubic, longest dimension 2·5–4·2 mm., shorter dimension 2·5–3·2 mm., 2·3–2·8 mm. thick; hilum ± half the longest dimension; aril not developed; testa often with characteristic pattern of rather wavy raised ridges with close parallel riblets between, making the seed rough to the touch.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 3
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    Herbe' dressée, ramifiée, de 0,20-0,60 m de haut, pubescente-hirsute.'Feuilles'3-foliolées; stipules prolongées au-dessous de l'insertion et éperonnées à la base, ovales, obovales à elliptiques, de 10-15 mm de long dont 3-6 pour l'éperon obtus et ± asymétrique, et 4-10 mm de large, persistantes, ciliées; pétiole de 8-17 cm de long; rachis de 15-40 mm de long; folioles à stipelles lancéolées, de 5-10 mm de long, ciliées; pétiolule de 3-6 mm de long; limbe ovale, arrondi à subaigu à la base, acuminé au sommet, de 5-14 cm de long et 3-12 cm de large, éparsement pubescent sur les 2 faces; folioles latérales asymétriques et losangiques.'Racèmes'axillaires, multiflores, subcapituliformes, plus courts que les feuilles; pédoncule uncinulé vers le sommet; bractées ovales-lancéolées, de ± 4 mm de long, striées, ciliées, ± caduques.'Fleurs'jaunâtres, de 0,6-1 cm de long; pédicelle de 1-2 mm de long, glabre; bractéoles oblongues-lancéolées, de ± 4 mm de long, striées, ciliées, ± persistantes; calice glabre, à tube de 3-4 mm de long; lobes triangulaires-lancéolés, de 1,5-2,5 mm de long, ciliés; lèvre supérieure bidentée; étendard glabre, muni à la face interne de 2 appendices parallèles soudés entre eux; ailes éperonnées, plus longues que la carène, pliées vers la base; carène falciforme-incurvée, à rostre long, à pétale droit muni vers la base d'une poche externe de ± 1 mm de long; ovaire tomenteux-sétuleux, 10-16-ovulé; style barbu, à bec court, mince et redressé; stigmate interne.'Gousses'étalées à subpendantes, subtoruleuses, brun noirâtre, de 5-9 cm de long et 0,4-0,6 cm de large, pubescentes-sétuleuses.'Graines 8-14, de 3-4 mm de long et ± 3 mm de large, à testa finement réticulé, non arillées; hile central, de 1-2 mm de long.

  • Provided by: [D].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
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    Habitat

    Savanes, forêts secondaires, anciennes cultures.

  • Provided by: [D].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
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     Information From

    Fabaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • B
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    https://www.floredafriquecentrale.be
    • D http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
    Flora of Pakistan
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Pakistan
    Flora of Pakistan. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2020.
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).