Melilotus indicus (L.) All.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Melilotus indicus (L.) All. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000185378. Accessed on: 08 Apr 2020'

General Information

Annual herbs, slightly pubescent to glabrescent. Stems erect or ascending, 20-50 cm, terete, simple or branching from base. Stipules lanceolate, 4-6 mm, base auriculate, with 2 or 3 tiny teeth, margin membranous; leaflets obovate-cuneate to nar­rowly oblong, 10-25(-30) × 8-10 mm, appressed hairy abaxi­ally, glabrous adaxially, lateral veins 7-9 pairs, parallel running into teeth, base cuneate, margins serrulate toward apex, apex obtuse or truncate, sometimes retuse. Racemes slender, dense, 1.5-4 cm; peduncle long; flowers 15-25; bracts filiform; pedi­cels ca. 1 mm. Corolla yellow, 2.2-2.8 mm; standard broadly ovate, retuse, equal to wings and keel, or sometimes keel slightly longer. Ovary narrowly ovate; ovules 2. Legume olive-green, becoming red-brown when ripe, globose, ca. 2 mm, slightly exserted from calyx, glabrous, veins reticulate. Seed 1, dark brown, broadly ovoid, ca. 1.5 mm. Fl. Mar-May, fr. May-Jun.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
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    Hierba erecta, hasta al menos 1 m, las ramitas esparcidamente pilosas, sin espinas; estípulas adnatas al pecíolo, 0.8–1.2 cm, lanceoladas, aserradas hacia la base. Hojas imparipinnadamente compuestas; pecíolo hasta ca. 0.5–2 cm, sin nectarios glandulares; raquis hasta ca. 0.35(–0.5) cm, sin nectarios glandulares; folíolos 3, 1–2.5 X 0.2–1.3 cm, cuneado-oblanceolados, obtusos o redondeados en el ápice, aserrados (por los nervios secundarios proyectados más allá del margen), glabros o esparcidamente pilosos en el haz, esparcida a moderadamente pilosos en el envés (al menos sobre el nervio medio). Infls. axilares, racemosas (de 15–50 fls.), (0.5–)0.8–2(–4) cm (generalmente más largas que las hojas). Fls. amarillo intenso, zigomorfas, subsésiles; sépalos connatos en un cáliz 1–1.5 mm, campanulado, 5-nervado, 5-dentado, los dientes lineares o subulados; pétalos 5, separados, el estandarte recurvado, 2.5–3 mm; estambres 10, los filamentos connatos (excepto con 1 separado); anteras sin glándulas. Frs. amarillentos o grisáceos, 0.2–0.25 cm, subglobosos, papiráceos, conspicuamente reticulado-nervados o arrugados, glabros, indehiscentes; semillas 1 ó 2, verde amarillento, 1.3–2 mm, ovoides, papiladas, sin arilo.

  • Provided by: [H].Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    • Source: [
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    "Ascending or erect annual 2–6 dm; racemes very densely fld, 3–8 cm; pedicels at anthesis 0.5–0.8 mm, ascending; fls yellow, 2–3 mm; cal-teeth lance-oblong, obtuse; fr 1.5–3 mm, strongly reticulate-veiny; otherwise as no. 2 [Melilotus officinalis (L.) Pall.]; 2n=16. Native of the Mediterranean region, now a cosmopolitan weed, abundant in the s. and Pacific states, and adventive in our range. Summer."

  • Provided by: [E].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
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    Morphology

    Stipules often with a small tooth near the base; petiole up to 2 cm. long; rhachis ± 5 mm. long; leaflets cuneate-oblong or lanceolate, up to 25 mm. long by 9 mm. wide, coarsely toothed, rounded at the apex.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
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    Racemes many-flowered, up to 10 cm. long, including a peduncle of up to 3 cm.; bracts subulate, ± 0·5 mm. long; pedicels ± 1 mm. long, reflexed after flowering.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
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    Calyx ± 1·5 mm.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
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    Corolla yellow, ± 2·5 mm. long.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
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    Style 0·9–1·2 mm. long.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
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    Pod 3–4 mm. by 2–3 mm., 1-seeded, with prominent reticulate veins.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
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    Fig. 145/1–8.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 3
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    An erect, branching, sparingly pilose annual.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 3
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    Seeds ovoid, finely verrucose.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
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    Pod 2–3 mm long, globose-ovoid, strongly reticulately veined, 1-seeded.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Racemes slender, many-flowered, at first compact and cylindrical, later elongating and laxer; peduncle up to 3 cm long.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
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    Flowers with pedicels c. 1 mm long, reflexed in fruit.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
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    Calyx c. 1 mm long; teeth narrowly deltoid, subequal, thinly hairy.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Corolla yellow, ± twice as long as the calyx; standard c. 2.5 mm long, emarginate at apex; wings subequalling the keel, with small auricles; keel c. 2 mm long.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
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    Leaflets up to 25 × 9 mm, shortly cuneate-oblong or lanceolate, rounded at the apex, denticulate around the upper half or more; stipules lanceolate-subulate, entire, sometimes denticulate near the base.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
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    Erect, much branched, slender annual herb.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
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    Erect or sprawling annual or biennial, up to 0.5(-1) m tall. Leaves 3-foliolate, petioles slender, leaflets obovate or narrowly obovate, truncate to notched, margins minutely toothed. Flowers minute, clustered in slender, long, pedunculate racemes, yellow. Pod small, ± ovoid, inflated to slightly compressed, surface wrinkled.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 8
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    Annual herb, up to 1.2 m high; much branched. Leaves with finely toothed leaflets, rounded at apex; stipules often with a small tooth near base. Flowers: in many-flowered racemes; style 0.9-1.2 mm long; corolla yellow; Aug.-Nov. Pods predominantly reticulate-veined with a prominent, irregular network of veins, 2-3 mm long.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Habitat

    Disturbed areas, roadsides, salt pans, moist areas, dunes.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Dry Grassland; Mesic Grassland. Along watercourses, disturbed areas.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Throughout southern Africa, European weed.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Native to Europe and Asia.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

     
    • Native distribution
    Found in
    • Southern America Brazil Paraní
    • Rio Grande do Sul
    • Santa Catarina
    • Rio de Janeiro
    • São Paulo

      Bibliography

     Information From

    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • A All Rights Reserved
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • B Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    Fabaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • C CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • E Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • F
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • G
    Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Costa%20Rica
    Hammel, B. E.; Grayum, M. H.; Herrera, C.; Zamora, N. Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2003-2014
    • H Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • I CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).