Sesbania bispinosa (Jacq.) W.Wight


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Sesbania bispinosa (Jacq.) W.Wight. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000186833. Accessed on: 06 Jun 2020'

General Information

Herbs, perennial, suffrutescent, 1-3 m tall. Branches te­rete, slightly with greenish white striations, often with small sparse flattened prickles. Stipules linear-lanceolate, ca. 7 × 1 mm, caducous, glabrous, apex acuminate. Leaves 40-80-folio­late; rachis 13-30 cm, abaxially with sparse prickles, adaxially grooved; stipels acerose, slender; leaflet blades linear-oblong, 10-16 × 2-3 mm, both surfaces with dense appressed purplish brown glands and glabrous, abaxially grayish green, adaxially green, base rounded, apex obtuse and with a mucro. Racemes 5-10 cm, 2-6-flowered; peduncle often with prickles; bracts linear-lanceolate, ca. 3 mm, caducous, with sparse appressed trichomes. Flowers 0.9-1.2 cm. Pedicel 6-8 mm, slender; brac­teoles 2, ovate-lanceolate, caducous, glabrous. Calyx campan­ulate, ca. 4 mm, glabrous; teeth 5, shortly triangular. Corolla yellow; standard subovate, ca. 1 cm, longer than wide, outside with reddish brown dots, with a triangular callus, base tapering into a claw, apex retuse; wings oblong, with long claw, auricu­late at one side; keel long obovate, with a dentiform auricle at base. Stamens 0.9-1.2 cm; anthers obovoid, outer side brown. Pistil linear, as long as stamens; style slender; stigma capitate. Legume dark brown, terete, straight to slightly falcate, 15-22 cm × ca. 3 mm, trabeculate, slightly constricted and with a ca. 5 mm separation between seeds, apical beak 1-1.2 cm. Seeds nu­merous per legume, subterete, ca. 3 × 2 mm; hilum rounded. Fl. and fr. Aug-Dec. 2n = 12, 13, 14.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 12
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Stem glabrous, erect, branched from the base, often thick but soft and pithy, reaching 15 ft.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Flowers yellow, purple-spotted

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Filament-sheath 9–12(rarely –13) mm., free parts 2–4 mm., anthers 0.5 mm. long.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Ovary glabrous; style glabrous, 2–3 mm. long.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Pod curved, up to 25 cm. long, including a beak of ± 1 cm., 2–3 mm. wide, ± 2 mm. thick in the centre, less at the sutures, 35–40-seeded; septa ± 5 mm. apart (fig. 51/11, 12, p. 346).

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Seeds brown, not mottled, elliptical in cross-section, ± 3 × 1.5 × 1.1 mm.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Stipules linear-lanceolate, 6–10 mm. long, erect, pilose, caducous; leaf-rhachis sparsely pilose when young, later glabrous, aculeate on its lower side towards the base, up to 35 cm. long; leaflets in 25–55 pairs, up to 20 mm. long and 3 mm. wide, sparsely pilose when young on margins and midrib beneath, later glabrous.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Raceme glabrous, or with a few hairs when young, 3–12-fiowered; rhachis up to 13 cm. long, including a peduncle, which is nearly always aculeate, up to 4 cm. long; pedicels 6–11 mm. long.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Calyx glabrous except for the margin; receptacle 1 mm., tube 3 mm., teeth triangular, slightly acuminate, 1 mm. long.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Blade of standard brownish-yellow, violet flecked, ± 10 mm. long and wide; appendages wedge-shaped, truncate at the top (fig. 49/12b, p. 332); claw 3 mm.; blade of wing 9 mm. long, toothed but not hooked at the base, 2–3 mm. wide; claw 3 mm.; blade of keel ± 7 mm. long, 2 mm. wide at the base and 4–5 mm. near the apex; basal tooth horizontal, or hooked and pointing downward to the 5 mm. long claw (fig. 49/12a).

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Erect, annual or biennial, slightly woody herb, 1–3 m. tall; stems glabrous, or sparsely pilose when young, usually sparsely aculeate.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Calyx 3–4 × 3–4 mm; tube glabrous except for the woolly margins, the teeth 0.5–1 mm long, triangular, ± acuminate.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Raceme (0.8)2.3–15(16.5) cm long, 1–12(14)-flowered; peduncle (0.5)1.5–4(6) cm long, glabrous, nearly always aculeate especially at the base; pedicels (2)4–8(11) mm long, glabrous; bracts 3–5 mm long, linear-lanceolate, caducous; bracteoles 2–3 mm long, filiform, caducous.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Leaves (5.3)9.5–29.5(35) cm long, the rachis aculeate beneath especially towards the base, sparsely pilose when young, later glabrous; petioles 2–15 mm long; leaflets in (11)20–50(55) pairs, 0.75–2(2.6) cm × 1.5–3(5) mm, oblong to oblong-linear, apically emarginate, usually apiculate, sparsely pilose when young on margins and midvein beneath, later glabrous; stipules 5–11 mm long, lanceolate to linear-lanceolate, ± erect, pilose on margins and inner face, at length falling.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Stems glabrous, or very sparsely pilose when young, usually aculeate although often obscurely so.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Seeds pale brown, olive-green or greenish-black, 3 × 1.5 mm, 1.2 mm thick, elliptical in cross-section, the hilum in a small subcentral circular pit surrounded by a white rim aril.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Pod brownish mottled with reddish-brown patches, 12.5–25(28) cm long (including a beak 1–1.5 cm long), 2–3 mm wide, curved, the central area sometimes ridged parallel to the sutures, glabrous, 28–45-seeded; septa 4–6 mm apart.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Ovary and style glabrous.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Standard pale yellowish or cream-coloured, flecked or spotted brownish or purplish, 0.9–1.5 × 0.8–1.4 cm, rounded, apically emarginate, the appendages wedge-shaped and truncate or slightly emarginate apically; wings yellow, 0.9–1.25 cm × 2.5–3 mm, with a short, blunt, unhooked upper basal tooth and with lamellate sculpturing in the upper basal one-half to two-thirds; keel 0.9–1.3 cm × 3.5–5 mm, the blade distinctly longer than wide, the upper edge gently sloping from the apex to the short blunt or slightly acute basal tooth parallel to the claw or slightly downward pointing.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Erect annual, biennial or short-lived perennial slightly woody herb, (0.6)1–3 m tall.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Ecology

    In muddy swamps.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

     Information From

    Fabaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • B The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • C
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • D
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    International Union for Conservation of Nature
    https://www.iucn.org/
    IUCN 2016. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-2
    • G All Rights Reserved
    International Union for Conservation of Nature v.3
    https://www.iucnredlist.org/
    IUCN 2019. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2019-1.
    • H See IUCN Terms and conditions of use http://www.iucnredlist.org/info/terms-of-use
    Global Tree Assessment
    http://www.bgci.org/
    BGCI. 2018. GlobalTreeSearch online database. Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, U.K. Available at www.bgci.org. Accessed on 30/11/2018.
    • I Botanic Gardens Conservation International