Pisum sativum L.
  • Arvegl


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Pisum sativum L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000212718. Accessed on: 02 Dec 2021'

General Information

Herbs annual, 0.5-2 m tall, glabrous. Stem climbing. Leaves: stipules to 10 × 6 cm, margin toothed; leaflets ovate, 2-7 × 1-4 cm. Raceme 1-3-flowered. Corolla variable in color, usually white and/or purple, 15-35 mm. Ovary glabrous; style flat. Legume 2.5-12 × 1-2.5 cm. Seeds 2-10. Fl. Feb-Sep, fr. Feb-Sep. 2n = 14.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
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    Por Amy Pool

    Pisum sativum L., Sp. Pl. 727. 1753.

    Herbáceas anuales, trepadoras, muy variables en forma y hábito, glabras. Hojas imparipinnadas; los 3–5 (7) folíolos distales generalmente reducidos a zarcillos trepadores, folíolos normales 2–6, opuestos, ovados, elípticos u obovados, generalmente 1.5–5.5 cm de largo y 1–2 cm de ancho, estipelas ausentes; estípulas foliáceas, ovadas, generalmente más largas que los folíolos, basalmente semicordadas, amplexicaules y dentadas. Inflorescencia flores solitarias o racimos con 2 ó 3 flores en el ápice del pedúnculo; cáliz campanulado, 5-lobado, los 2 lobos superiores más anchos; corola 1.5–2 cm de largo, blanca o rosada, estandarte obovado o suborbicular, las alas falcado-oblongas, la quilla encorvada, apicalmente obtusa; estambres 10, diadelfos, el vexilar libre; estilo barbado en la superficie interna. Legumbres oblongas o cilíndricas, más o menos comprimidas o teretes, 2.5–12.5 cm de largo y 1.5–2.5 cm de ancho, rectas o curvadas, carnosas y ceráceas al madurar, dehiscentes; semillas 3–12, forma y tamaño variable.

    Cultivada; 100 m; fl y fr ago; Stevens 22989; probablemente nativa del suroeste de Asia, ampliamente cultivada en todo el mundo, particularmente en áreas templadas, principalmente por sus semillas comestibles. Género con 5 especies nativas de la región del Mediterráneo y oeste de Asia. "Petit pois".

    D.E. Kay. Pea. In: Food Legumes. 293–321. 1979; R. Kh. Makasheva. The Pea. 1984.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Nicaragua
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    Bejuco trepador, anual, las ramitas glabras, sin espinas; estípulas foliáceas, 4–6 X 2.5–3.5(–4) cm, ovadas a orbiculares, subcordadas o auriculadas en la base y amplexicaules, dentadas. Hojas paripinnadamente compuestas; pecíolo ca. 2–7 cm, sin nectarios glandulares; raquis 1.5–10 cm, sin nectarios glandulares, que generalmente termina en un zarcillo ramificado; folíolos 1–3 pares, opuestos, 1.5–5.5 X 1–2 cm, ovados a elípticos u obovados, obtusos a redondeados en el ápice, normalmente glabros en ambas caras. Infls. axilares, racemosas (de 1–3 fls.), ca. 2–5.5 cm, + largamente pedunculadas. Fls. blancas o (menos frecuente) rosadas, zigomorfas, pediceladas; sépalos connatos en un cáliz ca. 11–17 mm, campanulado, 5-lobulado; pétalos 5, separados, 15–20 mm, el estandarte obovado o suborbicular; estambres 10, los filamentos connatos (excepto con 1 separado); anteras sin glándulas. Frs. usualmente verdes o verdosas, 3–15 X 1.5–2.5 cm, oblongoides o cilíndricos y rectos o curvados, + inflados y biconvexos, coriáceos y + carnosos al madurar, dehiscentes; semillas 3–12, blanquecino verdoso o color arcilla, 3.5–10.5 mm, + cuboidales a subglobosas, sin arilo.

  • Provided by: [G].Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
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    Annual, often climbing, stem glabrous, glaucous. Leaf paripinnately compound, rachis ending in a branched tendril, leaflets 2-8, entire or dentate; stipules 1.5-8 cm long, obliquely ovate, toothed at least below, semi-amplexicaul at the base, peduncle ½ to twice as long as the stipule, 1-3-flowered. Calyx 8-15 mm long, teeth longer than the tube, subequal. Corolla white or vexillum lilac and reddish purple. Vexillum 16-30 mm long. Fruit 40-70 mm long, 12-17 mm broad.

  • Provided by: [H].Flora of Pakistan
    • Morphology

      Seeds 6–10 in each pod, globular.

    • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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      Pod up to 100 × 25 mm, oblong-obovate, abruptly narrowed to both ends, whitish or yellowish when ripe.

    • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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      A very polymorphic species, widely cultivated for thousands of years for its edible seeds and for fodder; some varieties and cultivars are also cultivated for their edible fresh pods.

    • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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      Flowers solitary or up to 3 in axillary racemes; peduncle 5–190 mm long.

    • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
      • Source: [
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      Leaves 2–6(8)-foliolate, the leaflets usually opposite; leaflets 15–70 × 7–40 mm, ovate to elliptical, obtuse to emarginate and sometimes apiculate at the apex, cuneate at the base, entire to dentate; petiole up to 60 mm long; rhachis terminating in a branched prehensile tendril; petiolules 0.5–1 mm long; stipules foliaceous, up to 80 × 40 mm, usually larger than the leaflets, semicordate, semiamplexicaul, dentate towards the base or rarely subentire, glaucous or sometimes with a violet spot at the base.

    • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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      • 1
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      Stems ± terete.

    • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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      Climbing annual herb up to 2 m tall (in cultivation), glabrous.

    • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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      Style c. 7 mm long.

    • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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      Corolla white, pinkish or purplish; standard 15–30 × 23–45 mm, with the lamina broadly ovate, emarginate-apiculate, plicate and subappendiculate at the base; wings purplish or whitish, a little shorter than the standard, the lamina orbicular-obovate, abruptly narrowed above the auricles; keel coloured as the standard, much shorter than the wings, subacute at the apex.

    • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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      Calyx tube 4–8 mm long, campanulate; lobes as long as or longer than the tube, unequal, lanceolate, acute.

    • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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      Stängel 30–150(–200) cm, niederliegend oder kletternd, kahl, bläulich-grün. Blätter paarig gefiedert, mit (1–)2–3 Fiederpaaren und verzweigter Ranke. Teilblätter breit-oval, 2–6 cm lang. Nebenblätter grösser als die unteren Teilblätter, den Stän

    • Provided by: [C].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
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      Ecology

      5–8. In vielen Sorten kultiviert und gelegentlich verwildert oder eingebürgert.

    • Provided by: [C].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
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      Other Local Names

      NameLanguageCountry
      ArveglRaeto-RomanceCH
      PiselloItalianCH
      Pois cultivéFrenchCH
      ALVERJAS, ARVEJAS, GUISANTES, PETIPOÁ.
      ErbseGermanCH

       Information From

      Fabaceae
      World Flora Online Data. 2017.
      • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
      MBG Floras Images
      http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
      Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
      • B Missouri Botanical Garden
      Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
      http://www.flora-helvetica.ch
      Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz, Konrad Lauber, Gerhart Wagner, Andreas Gygax. Haupt Verlag 2018.
      • C All Rights Reserved
      Flora de Nicaragua
      http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
      WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
      • D Missouri Botanical Garden
      Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
      http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
      'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
      • E Missouri Botanical Garden
      Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
      https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
      http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
      • F
      Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
      http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Costa%20Rica
      Hammel, B. E.; Grayum, M. H.; Herrera, C.; Zamora, N. Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2003-2014
      • G Missouri Botanical Garden
      Flora of Pakistan
      http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Pakistan
      Flora of Pakistan. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2020.
      • H Missouri Botanical Garden
      World Flora Online consortium
      http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
      World Flora Online Data. 2018.
      • I CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).