Trifolium fragiferum L.
  • Sp. Pl. : 772 (1753)
  • Strawberry clover

Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2023): Trifolium fragiferum L. Published on the Internet; Accessed on: 05 Jun 2023'

General Information

Perennial herbs, stoloniferous, glabrous or hairy. Stems prostrate or decumbent, 10-30(-50) cm, rooting at nodes. Leaves palmately 3-foliolate, long petiolate; stipules linear-lanceolate to lanceolate-ovate, 1-2 cm, membranous, base sheathing, tip acuminate to subulate; leaflets obovate to obo­vate-elliptic, ± sessile, (5-)10-25 × 5-15 mm, glabrous or sparsely pubescent on veins, lateral veins 10-15, base broadly cuneate, apex rounded, retuse. Flowers 10-30, in crowded hemispheric or ovoid heads, 0.8-2.5 cm; peduncle axillary, to 2 × petiole; involucral bracts fused, lobes lanceolate, entire or toothed. Calyx bilabiate, strongly inflated in fruit, veins reticu­late; teeth filiform, 2 upper longer than 3 lower, 2 upper and distal 1/2 of tube densely sericeous. Corolla white or pink, 6-8 mm; standard oblong. Ovary linear. Legume ovate-oblong, en­closed in inflated calyx. Seeds 1 or 2, brown, reniform. Fl. and fr. May-Aug.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora of China @
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Habitally like T. repens; peduncles becoming 8–15 cm; heads globose or ovoid, 10–15 mm thick at anthesis; fls 6–7 mm; cal bilabiate, the upper lip 2–3 mm, half longer than the lower and much more villous, the lobes narrowly linear, 0.7–1 mm; cor rosy; cal at maturity becoming reddish, greatly enlarged, strongly reticulate, and gibbous on the upper side, the lower lip scarcely altered; 2n=16. Native of Eurasia and n. Afr., becoming established as a lawn-weed here and there in our range. Summer.

  • Provided by: [E].Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern US and Canada
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Perennial, stem procumbent, often rooting at nodes. Leaflets 5-30 mm long, ovate, elliptical to obcordate. Stipules lanceolate, membranous. Inflorescence a compact head, 10-14 mm broad, hemispherical in flower, globose, ellipsoid, with an involucre, peduncle up to 20 cm, exceeding the leaf. Bract 3-4 mm. Calyx inflated in fruit, pubescent. Corolla white to pinkish. Vexillum 6-7 mm long. Fruit included in calyx, 1-2-seeded.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora of Pakistan
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 


    Stängel 5–20 cm, niederliegend und an den Knoten wurzelnd. Blätter 3zählig, Teilblätter verkehrt-eiförmig, fein gezähnt, bis 2 cm lang. Blüten rosa, aufrecht, ± sitzend, in kugeligen, lang gestielten, 1–1,5 cm dicken Köpfchen, diese von eine

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 


    5–9. Wechselfeuchte Böden, Graswege, Teichufer, kollin-montan. CH.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

    • Native distribution
    Found in
    • Europe Northern Europe Ireland

    Nationally Preferred Names

    Strawberry cloverEnglishIE
    Seamair mhogallachIrishIE

    Other Local Names

    Trifoglio a fragolaItalianCH
    Trèfle porte-fraiseFrenchCH
    Seamar suthlarIrishIE


     Information From

    World Flora Online Data. 2022.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Flora of China @
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz, Konrad Lauber, Gerhart Wagner, Andreas Gygax. Haupt Verlag 2018.
    • C All Rights Reserved
    Flora of Pakistan
    Flora of Pakistan. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2020.
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern US and Canada
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • E Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Irish Vernacular Names
    • F All Rights Reserved
    World Flora Online Data. 2021.
    • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online Consortium
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • H CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).