Lantana camara L.
  • Sp. Pl.
  • jaral jarilla


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Lantana camara L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000223016. Accessed on: 22 Oct 2021'

General Information

Shrubs with long weak branches, armed with stout recurved prickles, pubescent. Petiole 1-2 cm, pubescent; leaf blade ovate to oblong, 3-8.5 X 1.5-5 cm, papery, wrinkled, very rough, with short stiff hairs, aromatic when crushed, base rounded to subcordate, margin crenate; lateral veins 5 pairs, very prominent, elevated. Capitula terminal, 1.5-2.5 cm across. Flowers yellow or orange, often turning deep red soon after opening. Ovary glabrous. Drupes deep purple, globose, ca. 4 mm in diam. 2n = 44.

  • Provided by: [J].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
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    2. Lantana camara L., Sp. Pl. 627 (1753). Tipo cons.: Anon. (LINN-783.4). Ilustr.: Sanders, Sida 22: 384, t.1 (2006).

    Por R. Rueda.

    Lantanaaculeata L., L. camara L. subsp. aculeata (L.) R.W. Sanders, L.camara var. aculeata (L.) Moldenke, L.camara forma macrantha (Loes.) Moldenke, L.camara var. macrantha Loes., L.camara var. moritziana (Otto et A. Dietr.) López-Pal., L.camara forma urticifolia (Mill.)I.E. Méndez, L.crocea Jacq. var. guatemalensis Loes., L. frutilla Moldenke var. obtusifolia Moldenke, L. glandulosissima Hayek, L. glandulosissima forma albiflora Moldenke, L.glandulosissimaforma parvifolia Moldenke, L. glandulosissima var. grandis Moldenke, L. hirsuta M. Martens et Galeotti var. pubescens Moldenke, L.hispida Kunth, L.hispida forma alba Moldenke, L.hispida forma parvifolia Moldenke, L.horrida Kunthforma inermis Moldenke, L.moritziana Otto et A. Dietr., L. urticifolia Mill.

    Arbustoserectos o subescandentes hasta 3 m, aromáticos; ramitas pubescentes, contricomas glandulares perpendiculares, cortos, a veces también con tricomashíspidos, generalmente con algunas espinas recurvadas en las partes jóvenes.Hojas 1.5-12(-14) × 1-7.5(-9) cm, opuestas, ovadas o lanceoladas, membranáceasa cartáceas, el haz con tricomas antrorsos, cónicos, frecuentemente ensanchadosen la base, dispersos, el envés totalmente tomentoso con una cubierta densa detricomas finos cortos, erectos a arqueados y enmarañados, sin glándulas sésileso si con éstas, inconspicuas y verdes, la base truncada o redondeada a obtusa,luego estrechándose y extendiéndose 0.1-1 cm, el margen serrado-crenado, elápice agudo o acuminado, rara vez redondeado u obtuso; pecíolos 0.5-2(-3) cm.Inflorescencias 1-2 cm, axilares y terminales, subglobosas; pedúnculo

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    Lantana camara L., Sp. Pl. 627. 1753.

    Arbustos bajos, con o sin espinas recurvadas, híspidos en las ramas jóvenes. Hojas opuestas o ternadas, elípticas, ca 7 cm de largo y 2.7 cm de ancho, ápice agudo a acuminado, base tenuemente cuneada, envés con tricomas estrigosos pequeños limitados a los nervios, marcas glandulosas a manera de manchones obscuros irregulares y puntos iridiscentes, cartáceas. Inflorescencia con brácteas inferiores subuladas, 4–4.5 mm de largo y 0.7–1 mm de ancho, ápice agudo o acuminado, brácteas superiores con ápice agudo o cuspidado, margen no ciliado o setoso, superficie abaxial con pocos tricomas ascendentes, dispersos, membranáceas; corola roja o rosada, tubo 5–6 mm de largo. Infructescencia subglobosa, 0.7 cm de largo y de ancho; fruto globoso, 2 mm de diámetro.

    Aparentemente rara, en márgenes de ríos o en las orillas de charcas, naturalizada en la zona atlántica; 120–500 m; fl todo el año, fr oct; Ortiz 331, 1697; Antillas Mayores e introducida en las áreas tropicales y subtropicales del mundo. El nombre de L. camara, es aplicado con mucha indecisión; estos ejemplares ciertamente pertenecen a la sección Camara y son diferentes de las otras Lantanas nicaragüenses. Sin embargo, las colecciones de México y Centroamérica que he observado, tienen hojas ovadas o lanceoladas y no tienen marcas glandulosas en el envés de las hojas. Moldenke cita L. hispida var. ternata Moldenke para Nicaragua basándose en Atwood 5016, identificada aquí como L. camara. L. hispida var. ternata representa una forma ternada de L. hirsuta M. Martens & Galeotti, la cual está restringida a México.

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    Branching shrubs, to 2 m high; stems and branches mostly unarmed or slightly prickly, usually minutely and inconspicuously pubescent. Leaves decussate-op- posite; the blades chartaceous, ovate to oblong-ovate, 2-12 cm long and 2-4.5 cm wide, acute or short-acuminate (rarely obtuse apically), acutely narrowed or abruptly rounded to a subcuneate acumination basally, crenate-serrate, more or less reticulate-rugose and decidedly scabrous or scabrellous above, usually only sparsely pilosulous or strigillose beneath (mostly only on the venation) with canescent or brownish trichomes, sometimes glabrescent; petioles 7-12 mm long. Inflorescences axillary, shorter than, equaling, or surpassing the subtending leaves, the heads always capitate, hemispheric, to 3 cm wide, not elongating after an- thesis, many-flowered; peduncles slender, 2-9 cm long, more or less appressed- pilose or puberulent; bractlets usually not conspicuous, oblong to lanceolate, equal, 4-7 mm long, and 1-1.5 mm wide, subulate or acute, rarely a few larger ones also present, appressed strigose-pubescent,. usually about as long as the corolla-tube. Flowers with the calyx thin, ca. 3 mm long; corolla hypocrateriform, mostly orange-yellow or orange, changing to red or scarlet in age, the tube ca. 10 mm long, barely enlarged above the middle, slightly curved, puberulent, the limb 6-8 mm wide. Drupes fleshy, black, ca. 3 mm in diameter.

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    Evergreen shrub with rambling or straggling branches, 1-2(-4) m, tall; branches usually minutely or inconspicuously pubescent, unarmed to conspicuously prickly with hooked spines. Leaves opposite, decussate, ovate to ovate-oblong, (2-) 5-10 (-12) cm long, (1.5-) 2-5 cm broad, crenate-serrate, acute to shortly acuminate, ± rugose, scabrid; petiole 5-10 (-12) mm long. Flowering heads axillary, peduncled, umbellate in flower, shorter to exceeding the subtending leaves, 2-3 cm across. Bracts lanceolate to linear, 5-7 mm broad, acute to subulate, rarely a few larger ones also present. Flowers 5-8 mm across, mostly orange or yellow, turning to red or scarlet later. Calyx 2-3 mm long, thin, pubescent. Corolla-tube 7-10 (-12) mm long, pubescent, slightly enlarged and curved above the middle; limb 4 lobed with spreading, ± rounded lobes. Drupe 3-5 mm in diameter, globose; fleshy, black, shining, 2-seeded.

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    Morphology

    Showy flowers in convex heads 1-2 in. across.

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    Erect or spreading much-branched, square-stemmed shrub

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    Usually with short prickles (var. aculeata (Linn.) Moldenke)

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    Corolla very variously coloured, red, purple, pink with yellow centre, salmon, orange, pure yellow, white, etc., sometimes the inner flowers a different colour from the outer, e.g. yellow and red; tube 0.8–1.3 cm. long, densely puberulous outside; limb 4–9 mm. wide, the lobes oblong to rounded, up to 5 mm. wide.

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    Calyx very thin, ± 3 mm. long.

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    Flowers in axillary ± flat heads 2–3(–5) cm. diameter, the axis 0.5–1 cm. long; peduncles 1.5–10 cm. long; bracts linear-lanceolate to lanceolate, 4–8(–13) mm. long, 1–1.5 mm. wide.

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    Leaves opposite, ovate to ovate-oblong, 2–12 cm. long, 2–7 cm. wide, mostly fairly small, acute at apex, rounded to broadly or narrowly cuneate or rarely subcordate at base, scabrid with coarse tubercule-based hairs and rugose with impressed venation above, ± pubescent or glabrescent beneath but scabrid on raised venation, closely crenate-serrate; petioles 0.7–2 cm. long.

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    Mostly a spreading, rather unpleasantly aromatic shrub 0.35–5 m. tall but can be scandent to 12 m. or even in cultivation over a long period become a tree to 8 m. with a bole 10–12 cm. diameter; stems ± square, almost completely unarmed to slightly or copiously and viciously covered with recurved prickles.

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    Drupes fleshy, purple or black, 3–5(–7) mm. diameter (dry); pyrene essentially ovoid, 6 mm. long, 3.5 mm. wide, laterally somewhat like the head of a bird with a narrower and a wider portion, the latter more rugose and crenate where the two join.

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    Stem and branches 4-angled, unarmed to slightly or copiously covered with recurved prickles, ± scabridulous and sparsely to densely hispid or strigose, sometimes with short gland-tipped hairs intermixed on peduncles and branchlets, ± densely sessile glandular towards the end of peduncles and branches.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Mostly a spreading shrub 0.35–5 m tall, forming dense thickets, or scandent to c. 10 m (or a tree to 8 m tall), strongly aromatic.

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    Corolla variously coloured, orange, red, pink, mauve, pure yellow or white, often with a yellow or orange centre, young flowers pale changing to a deeper or a different colour with age, sometimes the inner flowers a different colour from the outer; tube 10–12 mm long, narrow in the lower half, widening slightly above, slightly curved, puberulous outside; limb 6–9 mm in diameter, lobes up to 5 mm wide and oblong to rounded.

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    Calyx c. 3 mm long, very thin.

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    Flowers in ± flat corymbiform heads, 2–5 cm in diameter with axis 6–12 mm long, hardly elongating in fruit; bracts 4–13 × 1–1.5 mm, linear-lanceolate or oblanceolate, attenuate and acute or subobtuse at apex, shortly strigose.

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    Peduncles axillary, erect or ascending, 2–10 cm long at anthesis, becoming rigid, thickening toward the apex, hardly elongating in fruit, hispid to strigose and with small sessile glands.

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    Leaves opposite, petiolate; (3)4–11 × (2)2.8–6(7) cm, broadly ovate to oblong-ovate, acute or ± acuminate at the apex, rounded to broadly or narrowly cuneate at the base or sometimes subcordate, coarsely to closely crenate or crenulate on the margins, scabrid with coarse tubercle-based hairs on the upper surface ± pubescent or glabrescent beneath but scabrid on the raised venation, rugulose with impressed venation above, raised reticulate beneath; petiole 0.7–2 cm long, slender.

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    Drupes 3–6 mm in diameter, purple-black to black on ripening.

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    Shrub, up to 2 m high. Stems and branches prickly. Inflorescence capitate. Lowest bractlets not conspicuously larger than the rest. Pubescence on peduncles and branches minute and inconspicuous, leaves scabrellous. Flowers orange-yellow or orange.

  • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Habit

    shrubs

  • Provided by: [G].Flora de Panama
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    Habitat

    Disturbed places especially roadsides and streambanks.

  • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Distribution

    Hillsides, woods, thickets, hedges, fencerows, and waste places, widely dis- tributed in tropical and subtropical America from Florida through the West Indies and South America to Argentina, Bolivia, and Peru; less common in its typical form in Central America; introduced and naturalized in the tropics and subtropics [mostly as var. aculeata (L.) Moldenke] of the Old World where it has become a troublesome weed in some places; widely cultivated in hundreds of cultivars; probably originally West Indian, but now widely misinterpreted.

  • Provided by: [G].Flora de Panama
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    Native to South America.

  • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Distribution Map

     
    • Introduced distribution
    Introduced into
    • Southern America Brazil Acre
    • Amapí
    • Amazonas
    • Parí
    • Rondônia
    • Roraima
    • Tocantins
    • Bahia
    • Ceará
    • Maranh
    • Paraába
    • Pernambuco
    • Piauá
    • Rio Grande do Norte
    • Paraní
    • Rio Grande do Sul
    • Santa Catarina
    • Espirito Santo
    • Minas Gerais
    • Rio de Janeiro
    • São Paulo
    • Brazilia Distrito Federal
    • Goiás
    • Mato Grosso
    • Mato Grosso do Sul

    Synonyms

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    jaral jarilla
    coronitas dame cubre galanos
    camaraPortuguese
    guripacha herva de lagarto
    venturosa wild sage
    chichiquelite, cinco negritos confituria
    yerba mora
    tickberry tres colores
    senorita siete colores sotarre
    for de duenda flor de sangre
    camara vermelho cambara verdadeiro
    English sagebush filigrana
    bandera espafiol camara
    red sagebush sangre linda
    malmequer do campo more de caballo

      Bibliography

     Information From

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    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
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    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
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    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
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