Liriodendron tulipifera L.
  • Sp. Pl.
  • Yellow-poplar, tulip-poplar, tuliptree, bois-jaune

Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Liriodendron tulipifera L. Published on the Internet; Accessed on: 04 Dec 2021'

General Information

Trees , single-trunked, to 45 m. Bark light gray, thick, deeply furrowed. Stipules paired, light green, elliptic to oblanceolate, 20-45mm; petiole 5-11.5 cm. Leaf blade commonly with 2 shallow upper lobes and 2 lateral lobes at broadest part, or sometimes squarrose and barely lobed, (6.5-)7.5-15(-23.5) × (8.5-)12.5-18.5(-25.5) cm; surfaces abaxially glaucous, adaxially bright green. Flowers campanulate; spathaceous bract 1, brownish, notched; tepals erect, adaxial orange blotch sometimes gummy, outermost tepals green to glaucous; stamens 20-50, 40-50 mm; filaments white; pistils 60-100. Samaracetums 4.5-8.5 cm, with numerous (1-)2-seeded, imbricate samaras 3-5.5 × 0.5-1 cm, falling separately at maturity; receptacles with basal pistil persistent. Seeds (1-)2. 2 n =38.

  • Provided by: [A].Flora of North America @
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    "Sturdy tree to 60 m; lvs long-petioled, 8–14 cm long and about as wide, broadly retuse; fls solitary at the ends of the branches; sep pale green; pet 4–5 cm, greenish-yellow, with a large basal orange blotch within; frs narrow and elongate, 3–4 cm; 2n=38. Rich woods; Vt. to s. Mich., s. Ill., and se. Mo., s. to Fla. and La., often cult. May, June."

  • Provided by: [D].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Other Local Names

    Yellow-poplar, tulip-poplar, tuliptree, bois-jaune


     Information From

    Flora of North America @
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • A Flora of North America Association
    Global Tree Search
    BGCI. 2018. GlobalTreeSearch online database. Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, U.K. Available at Accessed on 30/11/2018.
    • B Botanic Gardens Conservation International
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • C CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • D Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    World Flora Online consortium
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).