Oldenlandia corymbosa L.
  • Sp. Pl.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Oldenlandia corymbosa L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000254823. Accessed on: 08 Apr 2020'

General Information

1. Oldenlandiacorymbosa L., Sp. Pl.119 (1753). Lectotipo (designado por Verdcourt,(1976): “America meridionali”, Plumier, Nov. Pl. Amer. 42, t. 36 (1703). Ilustr.: Dwyer, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 67: 293, t. 65 (1980). N.v.:Hierba del corral, ES.

Por D.H. Lorence.

Hedyotiscorymbosa (L.) Lam.

Hierbasdébiles hasta 0.3 m, anuales; ramitas glabras. Hojas 7-30 × 0.5-7 mm,angostamente elípticas, papiráceas al secarse, glabras en ambas superficies, labase aguda y subsésil, el ápice agudo; nervaduras secundarias inconspicuas;estípulas 0.5-3 mm, anchamente triangulares, obtusas a redondeadas,persistentes, erosas a setosas con varias cerdas hasta 2 mm. Inflorescenciasaxilares, en címulas con 2-4 flores o a veces las flores solitarias; pedúnculos(0-)2-8 mm. Flores pediceladas, los pedicelos 2-8 mm; hipanto c. 0.5 mm,subgloboso a turbinado, glabro; limbo calicino profundamente lobado, glabro,los lobos 4, 0.5-1.5 mm, con frecuencia desiguales hasta un 100% en la mismaflor, angostamente triangulares a angostamente ligulados, agudos; corola 1-2mm, rotácea, blanca a color lila, glabra en ambas superficies, los lobos 4,triangulares. Cápsulas 1.5-2 mm, elipsoidales a subglobosas, a vecesligeramente dídimas, glabras, papiráceas; semillas c. 0.2 mm, oblongas aangulosas, finamente reticuladas. Naturalizada en vegetación ruderal,playas, sabanas, orillas de caminos, zonas urbanas. T (Cowan 2526, MO); B (Dwyer 14678, MO); G (Harmon y Dwyer 2784, MO); ES (Linares 2598, MO); N (Nee y Robleto 28160, MO); CR (Gómez et al. 20379, MO); P (Correa y Aranda 4729, MO). 0-300 m. (Nativa de África,naturalizada en toda América tropical y subtropical y en Asia.)

  • Provided by: [G].Flora Mesoamericana
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    Oldenlandia corymbosa L., Sp. Pl. 119. 1753; Hedyotis corymbosa (L.) Lam.

    Hierbas débiles, anuales, hasta 0.3 m de alto, glabras. Hojas angostamente elípticas, 7–30 mm de largo y 0.5–4 mm de ancho, ápice y base agudos, papiráceas, nervios secundarios no evidentes; subsésiles; estípulas 0.5–3 mm de largo, con varias cerdas. Címulas con 2–4 flores o a veces algunas flores solitarias, pedúnculos (0) 2–8 mm de largo, pedicelos 2–8 mm de largo; limbo calicino 0.5–1.5 mm de largo, dentado; corola rotácea, glabra, blanca a lila, 1–2 mm de largo. Cápsulas 1.5–2 mm de diámetro.

    Ocasional en sitios ruderales, zonas pacífica y atlántica; 0–300 m; fl y fr aparentemente todo el año; Nee 28160, Stevens 10377; nativa de Africa, naturalizada en toda América tropical y subtropical, en Asia y en las islas del Pacífico.

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    the anthers sessile, rotund, inserted on upper 1/2 of the tube, the pistils glabrous. Fruits capsular, to 2.5 mm wide, truncate at the apex, subplane; seeds 1 per carpel, round, ca. 0.5 mm wide, areolate.

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    Herbs, prostrate or erect, to 1/3 m tall, sparsely to much branched, the branch- es lax, glabrous, shiny. Leaves narrowly oblong or linear, 1.5-2.0(-3.0) cm long, to 0.45 cm wide, deltoid to acute at the apex, cuneate at the base, the costa evanescent above or barely visible, scarcely prominulous beneath, the lateral veins evanescent, the margin scabridulous, with some proximal papillae, thinly carnose, concolorous, glabrate beneath; petioles to 1 mm long, inserted in the sheath of the connate stipules; stipules cupuliform or obconical, to 2.5 mm long, the cup with several ascending or deflexed glandular fimbriae of unequal length, often exceeding the sheath in length. Inflorescences mostly at the nodes, the flowers solitary or often 2 or 3, infrequently disposed in corymbs of 4-5 flowers, the peduncles filiform, usually about 1/2 as long as the leaves, the pedicels filiform, shorter or longer than the peduncle. Flowers isostylous with the hypanthium small, the calycine lobes 4, triangular, to 1.1 mm long, scabrid marginate; corolla lavender or white, the tube ca. 0.6 mm long, the lobes 1-2 mm long; stamens 4,

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    Morphology

    An erect and diffusely branched herb, nearly glabrous, up to 1 ft. or more high

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    Flowers white or mauve

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    Annual herb, sparsely to very densely branched near the base; stems prostrate to ± erect, 1.5–30 cm. long, ridged, glabrous or scabridulous or pubescent on the ribs.

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    Flowers not heterostylous, variously arranged, either 1-several single flowers in the axils or in 2–5(6)-flowered pedunculate umbel-like inflorescences, both kinds present on one branch or even at one node, the peduncles and pedicels mostly long and slender but rarely the flowers are fasciculate; peduncles (0)0.5–1.8(2.3) cm. long; pedicels (1.8)3–6(13) mm. long.

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    Leaf blades 0.6–3.5(5.3) cm. x 0.5–7 mm., linear to narrowly elliptic, acute and apiculate at the apex, narrowed to the base, glabrous to sparsely scabridulous above and on margins and also beneath, particularly on the main nerve; petioles not developed; stipule sheath 0.5–2(3) mm. long, produced at the middle with (2)3–5 unequal fimbriae, 0.5–1(2.5) mm. long.

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    Corolla white or tinged blue, pink or purple or with 2 pink stripes on each lobe; tube 0.6–1 mm. long; lobes 0.5–1.2 mm. long, ovate to oblong.

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    Calyx tube 0.7–1 mm. long, ellipsoid; lobes 0.5–1.8 mm. long, triangular, setulose on the margins.

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    Capsule 1.2–2.2 x (1)1.8–2.8 mm., ovoid, the beak scarcely raised.

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    Style 0.5–1.5 mm. long.

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    Seeds pale brown, c. 0.3 mm. long, ellipsoid or very obtusely depressed conic, reticulate.

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    Capsule ovoid, 1.2–2.2 mm. tall, (1–)1.8–2.8 mm. wide, the beak scarcely raised.

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    Seeds pale brown, ellipsoid or very obtusely depressed conic, ± 0.3 mm. long, reticulate.

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    Corolla white or tinged blue, pink or purple or with 2 pink stripes on each lobe; tube 0.6–1 mm. long; lobes ovate to oblong, 0.5–1.2 mm. long.

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    Style 0.5–1.5 mm. long.

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    Calyx-tube ellipsoid, 0.7–1 mm. long; lobes triangular, 0.5–1.8 mm. long, setulose on the margins.

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    Flowers not heterostylous, variously arranged, either 1–several single flowers in the axils or in 2–5(–6)-flowered pedunculate umbel-like inflorescences, both kinds present on one branch or even at one node, the peduncles and pedicels mostly long and slender but rarely the flowers are fasciculate; peduncles (0–)0.5–1.8(–2.3) cm. long; pedicels (1.8–)3–6(–13) mm. long.

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    Leaf-blades linear to narrowly elliptic, 0.6–3.5(–5.3) cm. long, 0.5–7 mm. wide, acute and apiculate at the apex, narrowed to the base, glabrous to sparsely scabridulous above and on margins and also beneath, particularly on the main nerve; petioles not developed; stipule-sheath 0.5–2(–3) mm. long, produced at the middle with (2–)3–5 unequal fimbriae, 0.5–1(–2.5) mm. long.

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    Annual herb, sparsely to very densely branched near the base; stems prostrate to ± erect, 1.5–30 cm. long, ridged, glabrous or scabridulous or pubescent on the ribs.

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    Habit

    Herbs

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    Ecology

    A weed of cultivation and beside paths.

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    Distribution Map

     
    • Native distribution
    Found in
    • Southern America Brazil Acre
    • Amapí
    • Amazonas
    • Parí
    • Tocantins
    • Bahia
    • Ceará
    • Maranh
    • Pernambuco
    • Piauá
    • Paraní
    • Santa Catarina
    • Minas Gerais
    • Rio de Janeiro
    • São Paulo
    • Brazilia Distrito Federal
    • Goiás
    • Mato Grosso

      Bibliography

     Information From

    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • A Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • C Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • E
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • F
    Flora Mesoamericana
    http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • G Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • H The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    Rubiaceae
    • I CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • J CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).