Perilla frutescens (L.) Britton
  • Mem. Torrey Bot. Club

Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Perilla frutescens (L.) Britton. Published on the Internet; Accessed on: 19 Oct 2021'

General Information

Herbs erect. Stems 0.3-2 m tall, green or purple, finely pilose or densely villous. Petiole 3-5 cm; leaf blade broadly ovate to circular, 4.5-13 × 2.8-10 cm, green, purplish, or purple-black, pilose or adaxially pilose, abaxially appressed villous, base rounded to broadly cuneate, margin narrowly to coarsely serrate, apex short acuminate or mucronate. Verticillasters 1.5-15 cm, densely villous; bracts ca. 4 × 4 mm, short acuminate, red-brown glandular. Pedicel ca. 1.5 mm, densely villous. Calyx ca. 3 mm, erect, base villous, yellow glandular, lower lip longer than upper lip; fruiting calyx 4-11 mm, base villous or pilose, glandular. Corolla 3-4 mm, slightly puberulent, tube 2-2.5 mm. Nutlets gray-brown or tawny, 1-1.5 mm in diam. Fl. Aug-Nov, fr. Aug-Dec.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Of CHina @
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    "Lvs ovate-oblong to broadly ovate, 8–15 cm, short- acuminate, coarsely serrate or incised; infls 5–15 cm, terminal and from the upper axils; bracts oval, folded; pedicels 1–3 mm; cal at anthesis 3 mm, in fr 9–12 mm and hairy within. Native of India, cult. for its ornamental foliage and sometimes used as a condiment, but in larger amounts causing severe pulmonary edema; escaped into waste places and roadsides, Mass. to Io. and Kans., s. to Fla. and Tex. Aug., Sept."

  • Provided by: [D].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Coarse, strongly aromatic annual. Stems erect, 60-120 cm, sturdy, quadrangular, villous with long spreading multicellular eglandular hairs. Leaves broadly ovate, 8-10 x 5-8 cm, acute, crenate to serrulate, pilose on both sur-faces, gland-dotted beneath, rounded to broadly cuneate at base; petiole 2-5 cm, often densely villous. Racemes dense, erect, often borne in axils of upper leaves. Bracts c. 4 mm, longitudinally folded. Pedicels sturdy, c. 0.5 mm. Calyx in flower c. 3.5 mm, gland-dotted and with villous hairs, enlarging in fruit to 9-10 mm, ± horizontally spreading, with a slightly recurved shortly 3-toothed upper lobe and lower lobe with 2 lanceolate acuminate teeth, villous at throat within. Corolla c. 4 mm, white; tube c. 1.8 mm wide and long, villous at throat. Nutlets pale brown c. 1.8 x 1.8 mm, globose, with raised markings, not mucilaginous on wetting.

  • Provided by: [A].Flora of Pakistan
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

     Information From

    Flora of Pakistan
    Flora of Pakistan. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2020.
    • A Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Of CHina @
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    • C CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • D Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    World Flora Online consortium
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).