Phyllanthus acuminatus Vahl
  • Symb. Bot.
  • para tudo


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Phyllanthus acuminatus Vahl. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000270410. Accessed on: 25 May 2020'

General Information

Phyllanthus acuminatus Vahl, Symb. Bot. 2: 95. 1791.

Arbustos o árboles pequeños, 2–8 m de alto, hojas en ramitas compuestas, deciduas, 20–50 cm de largo. Hojas ovadas o elípticas, 2–5 cm de largo y 1–2.5 cm de ancho, abruptamente cuspidado-acuminadas en el ápice, obtusas en la base, escábridas en la haz, nervios principales ligeramente prominentes en el envés; estípulas 1–1.5 mm de largo. Címulas bisexuales en los últimos ejes de las ramitas; flores estaminadas con pedicelos 3–5 mm de largo, sépalos 6, oblongos, 0.9–1.2 mm de largo, disco de 3 segmentos, reniformes, estambres 3, filamentos connados, anteras con dehiscencia horizontal; flores pistiladas con pedicelos 5–12 mm de largo, sépalos 6, biseriados, los internos ovados, 1.5–1.7 mm de largo, disco masivo, 3-lobado, ovario liso, estilos libres, ca 0.5 mm de largo. Cápsula 4.5–5 mm de diámetro, nervada; semillas 2.5–2.8 mm de largo, lisas, inconspicuamente foveoladas.

Común en matorrales alterados y bosques deciduos, en todas las zonas del país; 200–800 m; fl y fr todo el año; Ortiz 1645, Stevens 3640; México hasta Argentina, también en las Antillas. Ha sido erróneamente identificada como P. brasiliensis (Aubl.) Poir. y P. conami Sw.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Arbusto o árbol, 1.5–10(–15+) m, los ejes persistentes con hojas escamiformes; ejes deciduos usualmente con ramificación bipinnada, diminutamente puberulentos con tricomas papilosos. Hojas con la lámina 1.5–6 X 0.8–2.5 cm, ovada a elíptica, obtusa a aguda o (raramente) redondeada en la base, abruptamente acuminada a cuspidada en el ápice, diminutamente puberulenta o escabrídula en el haz, glabra en el envés. Infls. usualmente bisexuales, de 5–25 fls. estaminadas y 1 fl. pistilada. Fls. estaminadas con 3 estambres connatos en una columna. Fls. pistiladas con pedicelo 5–12 mm, los sépalos 6, 1.1–1.7 mm, el disco cupuliforme, ± trilobulado. Frs. ca. 0.3 X 0.4–0.5 cm; semillas 2.5–2.8 mm, lisas.

  • Provided by: [F].Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Shrub or small tree, 2-8 m high, sparsely branching; monoecious; branches of current year producing 3-6 deciduous branchlets; scale-leaves inconspicuous, pale, less than 2 mm long. Deciduous branchlets bipinnatiform (except for first of the season); primary axis 2-5 dm long, ca 2-3 mm broad, wing-angled, dor- sally rough or hirsutulous, with ca 8-20 ultimate axes, each 5-20 cm long, with mostly 7-20 leaves. Leaves membranous to chartaceous; petioles adaxially rough- ened or hirsutulous, 1.5-3 mm long; stipules triangular, blunt, those on primary axis up to 1.3 mm long (somewhat smaller on ultimate axes), persistent, often reflexed; blades ovate or elliptic, lucid and scabridulous above, smooth beneath (except along veins), ca 2-4.5 cm long, 1-2.5 ca broad, abruptly and bluntly cuspidate-acuminate at the tip, usually obtuse at base. Cymules bisexual, on ulti- mate axes, with 5-20 staminate and a single pistillate flower. Staminate flowers with pedicels capillary, 3-4.5 mm long; calyx-lobes 6, biseriate, the outer narrowly oblong, ca 0.9-1 mm long, 0.4-0.6 mm broad, the inner rotund, ca 0.9-1.2 mm long and broad; disc segments 3, reniform, massive; stamens 3, the filaments con- nate into a short column 0.1-0.3 mm high, the anthers triangular-ovate, apiculate, dehiscing horizontally; pollen grains globose, with 3 short diorate colpi, pilate. Pistillate flowers with pedicels 5-12 mm long, slender, often angled, scabridulous at least below; calyx-lobes 6, biseriate, with narrow whitish margins, the outer elliptic, 1.1-1.4 mm long, 0.5-0.9 mm wide, the inner broadly ovate, 1.5-1.7 mm long, 1-1.3 wide; disc cupuliform, massive, 3-lobed; ovary ablate, smooth, deeply sulcate, the styles free, flattened, spreading, 0.4-0.6 mm long, divided 1/4 to l2 their length. Capsules 4.5-5 mm in diam, conspicuously veiny, the columella mas- sive, ca 2 mm long; seeds plano-convex, ca 2.5-2.8 mm long, reddish-brown, smooth with epidermis foveolate, sometimes with a rudimentary caruncle.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    The most widespread woody American species of Phyllanthus, ranging from Mexico (Baja California, Tamaulipas) south through the West Indies and South America to northern Argentina (Jujuy, Salta).

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

     
    • Native distribution
    Found in
    • Southern America Brazil Acre
    • Amazonas
    • Parí
    • Rondônia
    • Bahia
    • Paraába
    • Pernambuco
    • Espirito Santo
    • Minas Gerais
    • Rio de Janeiro
    • São Paulo
    • Brazilia Distrito Federal
    • Goiás

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    para tudoPortuguese

     Information From

    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • A Missouri Botanical Garden
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • D Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Costa%20Rica
    Hammel, B. E.; Grayum, M. H.; Herrera, C.; Zamora, N. Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2003-2014
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    Global Tree Assessment
    http://www.bgci.org/
    BGCI. 2018. GlobalTreeSearch online database. Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, U.K. Available at www.bgci.org. Accessed on 30/11/2018.
    • G Botanic Gardens Conservation International
    Phyllanthaceae
    • H CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • I CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).