Phyllanthus elsiae Urb.
  • Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Phyllanthus elsiae Urb. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000270929. Accessed on: 26 May 2020'

General Information

Phyllanthus elsiae Urb., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 15: 405. 1919.

Arboles, 7–15 m de alto, hojas en las ramitas simples, deciduas, 10–30 cm de largo. Hojas ampliamente elípticas a suborbiculares, 3–7 cm de largo y 2–5 cm de ancho, abrupta y cortamente acuminadas en el ápice, obtusas o redondeadas en la base, nervios ligeramente prominentes en el envés; estípulas 0.8–1.2 mm de largo. Címulas caulifloras, inflorescencias estaminadas 1–7 cm de largo, las pistiladas 2–9 cm de largo; flores estaminadas con pedicelos 1–5 mm de largo, sépalos 4, obovados, obtusos o redondeados, 1–1.7 mm de largo, disco ausente, estambres generalmente 4, filamentos libres, anteras con dehiscencia longitudinal; flores pistiladas con pedicelos1–3 mm de largo, sépalos 4, obovados, redondeados, 0.8–1.3 mm de largo, disco ausente, ovario liso, estilos connados en su parte inferior, 1.5–2.5 mm de largo. Fruto drupáceo, seco y leñoso, 6–11 mm de ancho; semillas mayormente 1 ó 2 por fruto, 3–4 mm de largo, aplanadas, lisas.

Rara, en manglares y bosques bajos cerca de playas y de lagunas, en la zona pacífica; 0–100 m; fl y fr todo el año; Sandino 4206, Stevens 3613; oeste de México al norte de Sudamérica. Es muy similar vegetativamente y se confunde fácilmente con la especie cultivada P. acidus.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Bush or tree, up to 15 m high, glabrous; dioecious; older twigs 5-15 mm thick sometimes with conspicuous lenticels; scale-leaves on permanent branches ? deciduous, blackish, indurate, ca 1.5 mm long. Deciduous branchlets 1-3 dm long, 1.3-1.8 mm thick, with ca 10-20 leaves, the median internodes ca 1-1.5 cm long. Leaves chartaceous; petioles 2.5-3.5 mm long; stipules lanceolate, blackish-brown, 0.8-1.2 mm long; blades mostly broadly elliptic to suborbicular, rather abruptly pointed, 3-5(-7) cm long, 2-4(-5) cm broad. Thyrsiform inflorescences naked, clustered on spur-shoots; staminate axes mostly 1.5-7 cm long, the cymules with 10-20 flowers; pistillate axes mostly 3-6 cm long, the cymules with 1-4 flowers. Staminate flowers with calyx-lobes 4, 1-1.7 mm long; disc absent; stamens usually 4, the filaments free, ca 0.25 mm, the anthers dehiscing vertically; pollen grains 3-colporate. Pistillate flowers with pedicels 1-3 mm long; calyx-lobes 4, 0.8-1.3 mm long; disc absent; ovary of 3 (rarely 2) carpels, the styles connate at base, distally bifid, 1.8-2.3 mm long. Fruits oblate-spheroidal, usually 3-celled, 5-8.5 mm high, 5.5-10.5 mm broad, obtusely lobed, indehiscent, the outer layer soft and pithy, the inner hard and bony, fertile carpels usually 1 or 2 per fruit, each with 1 seed; seeds flattened, smooth, pale brown, ca 3-4 mm long.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Habit

    Bush or tree

  • Provided by: [B].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Low forests along lagoons and rivers, usually near sea-level, southern Mexico to northern South America.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

     
    • Native distribution
    Found in
    • Southern America Brazil Bahia

     Information From

    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • A Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Global Tree Assessment
    http://www.bgci.org/
    BGCI. 2018. GlobalTreeSearch online database. Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, U.K. Available at www.bgci.org. Accessed on 30/11/2018.
    • D Botanic Gardens Conservation International
    Phyllanthaceae
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).