Phyllanthus emblica L.
  • Sp. Pl.

Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Phyllanthus emblica L. Published on the Internet; Accessed on: 26 Sep 2021'

General Information

Trees 3-8(-23) m tall, to 50 cm d.b.h., monoecious, deciduous; bark brownish; main stems terete, sparsely lenticellate, with very reduced short shoots producing groups of leafy shoots; leafy shoots angular, tawny pubescent, at start of growing season often with poorly developed leaves and densely flowered, later with fewer flowers and better-developed leaves. Leaves distichous; stipules triangular-ovate, 0.8-1.5 mm, brown, margins entire or denticulate, ciliate; petiole 0.3-0.7 mm; leaf blade oblong or linear-oblong, 8-23 × 1.5-6 mm, papery to leathery, paler abaxially, green adaxially, drying reddish or brownish, base shallowly cordate and slightly oblique, margin narrowly revolute, apex truncate, rounded or obtuse, mucronate or retuse at tip; lateral veins 4-7 pairs. Fascicles with many male flowers and sometimes 1 or 2 larger female flowers. Male flowers: pedicels 1-2.5 mm; sepals 6, membranous, yellow, obovate or spatulate, subequal, 1.2-2.5 × 0.5-1 mm, apex obtuse or rounded, margin entire or shallowly denticulate; disk glands 6, subtriangular; stamens 3; filaments coherent into column, 0.3-0.7 mm; anthers erect, oblong, 0.5-0.9 mm, longitudinally dehiscent, apex mucronate. Female flowers: pedicels ca. 0.5 mm; sepals 6, oblong or spatulate, 1.6-2.5 × 0.7-1.3 mm, apex obtuse or rounded, thicker, margin membranous, ± lobate; ovary ovoid, ca. 1.5 mm, 3-celled; styles 3, (1-)2.5-4 mm, connate at base, deeply bifid, lobes divided at tip. Fruit a drupe, globose, 1-1.3 cm in diam., exocarp fleshy, pale green or yellowish white, endocarp crustaceous. Seeds reddish, 5-6 × 2-3 mm. Fl. Apr-Jun, fr. Jul-Sep.

  • Provided by: [A].Flora Of CHina @
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    A monoecious glabrous or pubescent deciduous tree, up to 15-20 in. Bark grey, smooth. Wood red, hard. Intermediate shoots up to 20 cm long, solitary or fascicled, resembling pinnate leaves but usually floriferous towards the base, falling as a unit; short shoots not strongly developed. Cataphylls triangular. lanceolate, 2 mm long, acuminate, brownish-black. Foliage-leaves up to 80-150 per shoot, closely distiehous; petioles 0.5 mm long; leaf-blades linear-oblong, 0.5-1.6 x 0.1-0.3 cm., usually obtuse, sometimes acute or subacute, somewhat obliquely rounded to subcordate at the base, margin thickened and inrolled, firmly chartaceous, lateral nerves 4-9 pairs, sometimes indistinct, light green above, paler and somewhat greyish beneath. Stipules of the cataphylls triangular-ovate, 1.5 mm long, acuminate, brownish-black; those of the leaves lanceolate, 0.7 mm long, reddish-brown. Proximal nodes barren, leafless, next ♂, then with ♂ & ♀ flowers, distally barren again but leafy. Male flowers: pedicels slender, 1-2 mm long; sepals 6, oblong-oblanceolate, 1.5-2 x 0.5-0.7 mm, obtuse or rounded, entire, yellowish-green with a pale hyaline margin; disc of 6 small clavate glands or 0; stamens 3, the filaments completely connate into a short terete column, anthers sessile, distinct, erect, oblong, apiculate, 0.8 mm long, the sacs parallel, longitudinally dehiscent. Female flowers subsessile; sepals thicker than the ♂ and somewhat denticulate, otherwise similar; disc urceolate, 1.5 mm high, completely enclosing the ovary, 6-ribbed, lacerate at the top; ovary ovoid, 3-celled, c. 1 mm diam., smooth; styles 3, stout, fleshy, c. 4 mm long, united at the base, bipartite, the segments flattened, spreading, sometimes bifid. Fruit. subglobose, c. 2.5 cm diam. when fresh, smooth, succulent, greenish or yellowish-white; endocarp massive, woody, 6-ridged, tardily dehiscent, c. 2 mm thick. Seeds somewhat unequal, trigonous or plano-convex, 4-6 x 2.5-3 x 2-3 mm, 3 smooth, dark chestnut-brown.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora of Pakistan
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

     Information From

    Flora Of CHina @
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • A Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of Pakistan
    Flora of Pakistan. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2020.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Global Tree Search
    BGCI. 2018. GlobalTreeSearch online database. Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, U.K. Available at Accessed on 30/11/2018.
    • C Botanic Gardens Conservation International
    • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).