Prunella vulgaris L.
  • Sp. Pl.
  • Selfheal

Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Prunella vulgaris L. Published on the Internet; Accessed on: 17 Oct 2021'

General Information

1. Prunellavulgaris L., Sp. Pl. 600 (1753). Lectotipo (designado por Hedge en Jarvis et al., (1993): Herb. Clifford 316, Prunella 1 [beta] (imagen en Internet exBM000646146!). Ilustr.: Wu y Raven, Fl. China Ill. 17: t. 205 (1998).

Por A. Pool.

Hierbasperennes hasta 60 cm, procumbentes a erectas; tallos pilosos a glabrescentes.Hojas 1-5 × 0.5-2 cm, oblongas, lanceoladas o ovadas, la base cuneada luegodecurrente, los márgenes serrulados a enteros, el ápice agudo a redondeado;pecíolos 0-4 cm. Verticilastros condensados en una inflorescencia 1-5 cm, lasbrácteas conspicuas, orbiculares a reniformes, ciliadas. Cáliz florífero 6.5-8× 1.9-3.25 mm, campanulado, esparcidamente piloso; labios 3-4.5 mm, los lobosdel labio inferior 1.8-2.5 mm, lanceolado-aristados; cáliz fructífero similaral florífero. Corola púrpura o azul oscuro (rara vez blanca), el tubo 6.5-9 mm,el labio inferior 2-3.5 mm, el labio superior 2.5-5.5 mm. Nuececillas 1.5-2 ×0.9-1.1 mm. Floración durante todo el año. Áreas alteradas. Ch (Croat 47730, MO); G (Proctor 24938, MO); CR (Stevens 13450, MO). 1100-3500 m.(Canadá, Estados Unidos, México, Mesoamérica, Colombia, Ecuador, Bolivia,Antillas, Europa, Asia, África, Australia, Islas del Pacífico; nativa del ViejoMundo [Morales, (2004)] o algunas poblacionestambién nativas en Canadá, Estados Unidos, México y Guatemala [Standley y Williams, (1973)]; naturalizada en lasregiones templadas y montañosas de América, África y Australasia.)

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Mesoamericana
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Stems 20-30 cm, ascending, base much branched, purple-red, sparsely strigose or subglabrous. Petiole 0.7-2.5 cm, upper ones shorter; leaf blade lanceolate to ovate, 1.5-6 × 0.6-2.5 cm, glabrous to sparsely villous, base truncate to broadly cuneate-decurrent, margin undulate to entire, apex obtuse to rounded. Spikes 2-4 cm, sessile; floral leaves similar to cauline leaves, sessile or short petiolate, subovate; bracts purplish, broadly cordate, ca. 7 × 11 mm, cuspidate, veins sparsely hispid. Calyx campanulate, ca. 1 cm, sparsely hispid, tube ca. 4 mm; upper lip suboblate, subtruncate; lower lip narrower, teeth acuminate. Corolla purplish or white, ca. 1.3 cm, slightly exserted, glabrous; tube ca. 7 mm, base ca. 1.5 mm wide, gradually dilated to ca. 4 mm wide at throat; upper lip subcircular, ca. 5.5 mm in diam., ± galeate, emarginate; lower lip ca. 1/2 as long as upper lip, middle lobe subobcordate, fringed; lateral lobes oblong, spreading, minute. Anterior stamens very long. Nutlets oblong-ovoid, ca. 1.8 × 0.9 mm, slightly 1-furrowed. Fl. Apr-Jun, fr. Jul-Oct.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora Of CHina @
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Hierba anual, baja. Hojas con el pecíolo 0.2 –1.5 cm; lámina 1– 4 X 0.5 – 2 cm, oblonga, lanceolada u or- bicular, serrulada a entera. Infls. de verticilastros agrupados hasta formar una pseudoespiga terminal, densa, como una cabeza, las brácteas conspicuas, orbiculares a reniformes. Fls. con el cáliz 6.5 – 8 mm (similar en fr.), bilabiado, los labios 3– 4 mm, el labio superior con 3 dientes dimi- nutos, el inferior bilobulado, los lóbulos 2–2.5 mm, lanceolado-aris- tados; corola púrpura o azul oscuro (el cáliz también frecuentemente púrpura en parte), bilabiada, el tubo 6.5–8.5 mm, el labio superior 2.5–5.5 mm, entero, galeado, el inferior 2.5–3.5 mm, trilobulado, el lóbulo medio denticulado; estambres 4, incluidos en la gálea de la corola, los filamentos ramificados en un espolón en el ápice; estilo desigualmente bilobulado.

  • Provided by: [K].Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    "Perennial, nearly prostrate to suberect, 1–5 dm; lvs few, petiolate, entire or obscurely toothed, the blade lanceolate or elliptic to broadly ovate, 2–9 × 0.7–4 cm, the lower mostly broader and with more rounded base than the upper; spikes 2–5 × 1.5–2 cm, the depressed-ovate, abruptly short- acuminate bracts 1 cm, strongly ciliate; cal 7–10 mm, green or purple, the lips longer than the tube, the teeth spinulose-tipped; cor blue-violet (pink or white), 1–2 cm (or smaller in plants with reduced anthers), the tube equaling or surpassing the cal, the lips short; 2n=28, 32. Nearly cosmopolitan. The European var. vulgaris, intr. into disturbed sites in our range, tends to have relatively broad lvs, the middle cauline ones half as wide as long, with broadly rounded base. The native var. lanceolata (Barton) Fernald, in both disturbed and natural sites, has narrower lvs, the middle cauline ones a third as wide as long, with tapering base. Some conspicuously white-hirsute plants along the s. border of our range may prove to represent the Asiatic var. hispida Benth., or may be extreme forms of var. lanceolata, which they otherwise resemble."

  • Provided by: [L].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Perennial with a fibrous rooted creeping rhizome. Stems erect or ascending, solitary or few, usually unbranched, quadrangular, purplish coloured or not, 8-30 cm, leafy, with an indumentum of antrorse eglandular hairs. Leaves narrow oblong to ovate-oblong, 3-5 (-6) x 1-2.5 cm, entire to irregularly crenate, sparingly pilose with adpressed white hairs, narrowly to broadly cuneate, apically acute; petiole on lower leaves to 2 cm; uppermost pair of leaves ± sessile. Inflorescence a terminal cylindrical spike, 1.5-6 x 1.5 cm. Bracts broadly ovate-cordate, c. 5 mm broad, ciliate-fringed, purplish or green. Calyx 7-8 mm, purplish or green, narrowly tubular campanulate, with scattered long white eglandular hairs, scarcely veined in flower; upper lip truncate with 3 very short mucronulate teeth; lower lip deeply divided into 2 narrow lanceolate teeth; fruiting calyx c. 9 mm long, flattened with a closed mouth. Corolla violet to purple, 10-12 mm; tube straight. Nutlets c. 1.8 x 1 mm, smooth, pale brown, mucilaginous on wetting.

  • Provided by: [A].Flora of Pakistan
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 


    Straggling herb, rooting at the nodes; stems up to 0.3 m long, glabrous or sparingly pubescent. Leaves petiolate; blade ovate to broadly ovate, 20-30 x 12-20 mm, sparingly pilose, apex rounded, base obtuse, margin entire; petiole 10-20 mm long. Inflorescence dense, 20-40 mm long, subtended by a pair of leaf-like bracts; floral bracts ovate-orbicular, about 5 mm long and 6 mm broad, abruptly acute at the apex, often purple-tinged. Calyx 6-7 mm long at flowering, enlarging only slightly at maturity. Corolla dark blue to purple, rarely white, 9-10 mm long; tube about as long as the calyx; upper lip 2.5 mm long, sparingly pubescent, lower lip about 2 mm long.

  • Provided by: [E].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    5–20(–30) cm hoch, aufrecht oder aufsteigend, zerstreut behaart, mit oberirdischen Ausläufern. Blätter eilänglich bis lanzettlich, ganzrandig oder seicht gezähnt. Blüten quirlig angeordnet. Quirle kopfig oder ährig gehäuft. Blütenstand vom obersten Bla

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 


    6–9. Wiesen, Weiden, kollin-subalpin(-alpin). CH.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 


    In wet vleis or moist forest margins.

  • Provided by: [E].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 


    Originally from Europe and now widespread; recorded from Natal Midlands.

  • Provided by: [E].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

    • Native distribution
    • Introduced distribution
    Found in
    • Europe Northern Europe Ireland
    Introduced into
    • Southern America Brazil Paraní
    • Rio Grande do Sul
    • Santa Catarina
    • Minas Gerais
    • Rio de Janeiro
    • São Paulo


    Nationally Preferred Names

    Duán ceannchosachIrishIE

    Other Local Names

    Brunella cuminaRaeto-RomanceCH
    Té na ngarrantaí (or na gcailleach)IrishIE
    Dubhan-ceanchosach (-ain-ceanchosaigh)IrishIE
    Brunelle communeFrenchCH
    Shashagh na creeaghEnglishIE
    Té na ngarrdhantaIrishIE
    Duainín an tseanchaisIrishIE
    Prunella comune, BrunellaItalianCH
    Kinnaman begEnglishIE
    Dubháinín an tseanchuisIrishIE
    Heart’s ease (or Hearts’ ease)EnglishIE
    Dubhán ceannchasachIrishIE
    Kleine BrunelleGermanCH
    Lus an chroidheIrishIE
    Ceannabhán beagIrishIE

     Information From

    Flora of Pakistan
    Flora of Pakistan. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2020.
    • A Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Mesoamericana
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz, Konrad Lauber, Gerhart Wagner, Andreas Gygax. Haupt Verlag 2018.
    • C All Rights Reserved
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • D Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute.
    • E All Rights Reserved
    Flora Of CHina @
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    Irish Vernacular Names
    • G All Rights Reserved
    • H CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • I Missouri Botanical Garden
    • J Missouri Botanical Garden
    Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    Hammel, B. E.; Grayum, M. H.; Herrera, C.; Zamora, N. Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2003-2014
    • K Missouri Botanical Garden
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • L Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    World Flora Online consortium
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • M CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).