Salvia verbenaca L.
  • Sp. Pl.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Salvia verbenaca L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000302591. Accessed on: 29 Oct 2020'

General Information

"Another European weed, commonly with lobed or toothed lvs, the cor 1 cm, with the upper lip nearly straight, is rare with us and probably not persistent."

  • Provided by: [C].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Diagnostic Description

    Its nearest affinity is with S. disermas which, together with S. radula, has the upper calyx lip with the 3 teeth connivent as in S. verbenaca. S. verbenaca tends to be smaller in stature with shorter calyx and corolla, and the upper lip of the corolla is not as distinctly falcate (often almost straight). Also, the leaves of S. verbenaca often have more deeply dissected margins than those of S. disermas, but depauperate specimens of the latter are sometimes difficult to identify with certainty.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Perennial, probably short-lived, with stems arising from a woody taproot; stems erect, 0.15-0.4 m tall, densely glandular-villous with long spreading hairs and shorter gland-tipped hairs. Leaves mainly a dense basal rosette, shortly petiolate to subsessile, blade irregularly to deeply pinnatifid or sometimes almost entire, usually oblong to ovate-oblong in outline, 40-130 x 10-30 mm, rugose and usually densely pubescent and gland-dotted below, margin often eroso-dentate. Inflorescence usually branched with many verticils, spaced below and denser above; verticils usually 6-flowered. Calyx pilose and gland-dotted, densely villous in the throat, up to 8 mm long in fruit. Corolla light blue to purple, 8-12 mm long; tube 4-8 mm long; upper lip often slightly falcate, 2-4 mm long, lower lip usually slightly shorter.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Like S. runcinata but upper lip of calyx with teeth connivent.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Perennial herb, 0.15-0.40 m high. Stems erect, densely glandular-villous with long, spreading hairs and shorter gland-tipped hairs. Leaves in a dense, basal rosette; blade oblong to ovate-oblong, 40-130 x 10-30 mm, margins irregularly to deeply pinnatifid, sometimes almost entire. Flowers: verticils 6-flowered; calyx 7-9 mm long, upper lip with 3 closely connivent, short teeth, pilose and gland dotted, densely villous in throat; corolla 8-12 mm long, upper lip of corolla straight or slightly falcate, light blue to purple; Sep.-Mar.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Like S. disermas but leaves usually with ± deeply dissected margins, corolla shorter (8-12 mm long), light blue to purple, with upper lip almost straight.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Habitat

    Stony flats and drier slopes.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Kalahari Deciduous Acacia-wooded Grassland; Dry Grassland; Dwarf Karroid Shrubland. Disturbed places.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Probably indigenous in the countries around the Mediterranean and on the Canary Islands and has spread further afield in Europe and Asia.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Bokkeveld Escarpment to Riversdale, widespread though drier parts of southern Africa into Mediterranean.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Mediterranean, Europe, Canary Islands and Asia, probably naturalised in dry western half of southern Africa, and naturalised in Australia and N America.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Synonyms

      Bibliography

    • 1 "Gleason, Henry A. & Cronquist, Arthur J. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. lxxv + 910 pp."
    • 2 Codd, LEW. 1985. 14. Salvia. Fl. S. Africa 28(4): 79 - 102. Botanical Research Institute, Department of Agriculture and Water Supply, Pretoria.
    • 3 Manning, JC; Goldblatt, P. 2012. Lamiaceae. 601 - 604. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.
    • 4 Meyer, J; Retief, E; Meyer, NL. 2017. Lamiaceae. In: E Retief & NL Meyer (eds), Plants of the Free State: Inventory and identification guide. Strelitzia 38: 596 - 613. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.
    • 5 Snijman, DA. 2013. Lamiaceae. 410 - 412. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.
    • 6 Sp. Pl.

     Information From

    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • A All Rights Reserved
    Lamiaceae
    • B CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • C Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).