Scutellaria galericulata L.
  • Sp. Pl.
  • Skullcap


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Scutellaria galericulata L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000307828. Accessed on: 18 Sep 2021'

General Information

Herbs perennial, rhizomatous. Stems erect, 35-40 cm tall, slightly grooved, glabrous except for sparsely retrorse pubescent angles, leafless basally, much branched upward. Petiole 2-7 mm; leaf blade oblong-lanceolate, 1.5-6 × 0.8-3 cm, larger basally, membranous to papery, pubescent, base shallowly cordate, margin crenate-serrate, apex acute. Flowers axillary on apical part of stem, secund; pedicel ca. 2 mm, densely retrorse pubescent. Calyx ca. 3.5 mm, densely white pubescent outside, to 5 mm in fruit; scutellum ca. 0.8 mm, erect, to 1.5 mm in fruit. Corolla purple to blue, ca. 1.8 cm, glandular pubescent outside, lips partly puberulent; tube base slightly saccate, throat 3.5-5 mm wide; upper lip semicircular, ca. 2.5 mm wide; middle lobe of lower lip triangular-ovate, apex emarginate; lateral lobes oblong, ca. 1.5 mm wide. Nutlets yellow, triquetrous, ovoid, ca. 1 mm in diam., tuberculate, adaxially umbonate at middle. Fl. Jun-Jul, fr. Jul-Aug.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    "Rhizomatous perennial; stems weak but mostly erect, 2–8 dm, retrorsely strigose-puberulent especially along the angles, or less often glabrous or glandular; lvs barely or scarcely petiolate, the blade lanceolate to narrowly ovate-oblong, pinnately veined, mostly blunt-toothed, 2–6 cm × 6–20 mm, truncate-subcordate at base, glabrous above, usually puberulent beneath; fls solitary in the axils of slightly reduced lvs; cal 3.5–4.5 mm; cor blue marked with white, 1.2–2 cm; 2n=32. Wet soil; circumboreal, s. to Del., Ind., Mo., and Calif. June–Aug. (S. epilobiifolia)"

  • Provided by: [F].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Perennial herb with a slender creeping rhizome. Stems 20-60 cm, ascending or erect, acutely quadrangular, leafy, simple or branched with very short crisped retrorse eglandular white hairs. Leaves oblong-lanceolate, 7-45 x 3-15 mm, decreasing in size up the stem, weakly crenulate, sometimes revolute, cordate-truncate, acute, with a very short eglandular indumentum denser below, upper surface sometimes glabrous; lower leaves with a petiole up to 2 cm, upper sessile. Inflorescence lax, terminal; flowers secund, in axils of upper leaves. Pedicels 1-1.5 mm, erect-spreading, with very small basal scales, terete. Calyx 3-3.5 mm in flower, enlarging in fruit to 4.5 mm and with a 2 mm high scutellum, with a similar indumentum but denser to that of stem. Corolla blue to violet-blue with some white markings, 12-16 mm, densely pilose; tube 8-10 mm; lower lip glabrous. Nutlets prominently tuberculate, orange-brown, c. 1.5 x 1 mm.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora of Pakistan
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    15–60 cm hoch, behaart. Blätter breit-lanzettlich, kurz gestielt, 2–5 cm lang, breit gezähnt. Blüten in wenigen einseitswendigen Paaren in den oberen Blattwinkeln, kurz gestielt. Krone violettblau, 10–15 mm lang, mit langer, aufwärts

  • Provided by: [A].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Ecology

    6–9. Flachmoore, Ufer, kollin-montan. M, J, südliches TI, sonst vereinzelt.

  • Provided by: [A].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

     
    • Native distribution
    Found in
    • Europe Northern Europe Ireland

    Nationally Preferred Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    SkullcapEnglishIE
    CochallIrishIE

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Scutellaria palustreItalianCH
    Scutella da palìRaeto-RomanceCH
    Scutellaire à casqueFrenchCH
    Sumpf-HelmkrautGermanCH

      Bibliography

     Information From

    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    http://www.flora-helvetica.ch
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz, Konrad Lauber, Gerhart Wagner, Andreas Gygax. Haupt Verlag 2018.
    • A All Rights Reserved
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of Pakistan
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Pakistan
    Flora of Pakistan. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2020.
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Irish Vernacular Names
    https://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/plant-science/plant-science/research-staff/article/380/wyse-jackson-peter-s.aspx
    • D All Rights Reserved
    Lamiaceae
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • F Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).