Syzygium cumini (L.) Skeels
  • Bull. Bur. Pl. Industr. U.S.D.A.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Syzygium cumini (L.) Skeels. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000318521. Accessed on: 20 Oct 2021'

General Information

Trees, 6-20 m tall. Branchlets grayish white when dry, terete. Petiole 1-2 cm; leaf blade broadly elliptic to narrowly elliptic, 6-12 × 3.5-7 cm, leathery, abaxially slightly pale when dry, adaxially brownish green to blackish brown and slightly glossy when dry, both surfaces with small glands, secondary veins numerous, 1-2 mm apart, and gradually extending into margin, intramarginal veins ca. 1 mm from margin, base broadly cuneate to rarely rounded, apex rounded to obtuse and with a short cusp. Inflorescences axillary on flowering branches or occasionally terminal, paniculate cymes, to 11 cm. Hypanthium obconic or long pyriform, ca. 4 mm or 7-8 mm. Calyx lobes inconspicuous, 0.3-0.7 mm. Petals 4, white or light purple, coherent, ovate and slightly rounded, ca. 2.5 mm. Stamens 3-4 mm. Style as long as stamens. Fruit red to black, ellipsoid to pot-shaped, 1-2 cm, 1-seeded; persistent calyx tube 1-1.5 mm. Fl. Feb-Mar or Apr-May, fr. Jun-Sep.

  • Provided by: [G].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
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    2. Syzygium cumini (L.) Skeels, U.S.D.A. Bur. Pl. Ind. Bull. 248: 25 (1912). Myrtus cumini L., Sp. Pl. 471 (1753). Lectotipo (designado por Verdcourt, 2001): Herb. Hermann 1: 45, espécimen del lado derecho (BM). Ilustr.: Whistler, Wayside Pl. Islands 111 (1995).

    Por F.R. Barrie.

    Calyptranthes oneillii Lundell, Eugenia cumini (L.) Druce, E. jambolana Lam.

    Árboles o arbustos, 6-20 m o más. Ramitas débilmente comprimidas; corteza blanca, lisa. Hojas ovadas, elípticas u oblongas, las láminas 8-17 × 3.5-7 cm, 1.5-3.3 veces más largas que anchas, coriáceas, verde olivo o pardo-amarillentas concoloras cuando secas, el haz brillante; vena media aplanada o cóncava a sulcada en el haz, convexa en el envés; nervaduras laterales 40 por lado; nervaduras marginales similares a las nervaduras laterales, rectas, a c. 1 mm de los márgenes; glándulas pequeñas, frecuentemente punteadas, numerosas en ambas superficies o más numerosas en el envés; base cuneada, obtusa o redondeada, la punta obtusamente aguda; pecíolos 15-30 mm, cóncavos a impresionados adaxialmente. Inflorescencias terminales, axilares o en los nudos sin hojas, solitarias, cimosas o paniculadas, 1-3 veces compuestas; eje 15-60 mm, las ramas laterales 15-20 mm; eje y ramas comprimidos, glandulares; flores 15-100, dispuestas ternadamente en las puntas de las ramas; brácteas 1-1.5 mm, deciduas mucho antes de la antesis, triangulares, el ápice acuminado; botones 4-5 mm, claviformes. Flores sésiles; bractéolas similares a las brácteas, deciduas mucho antes de la antesis; hipanto 3-5 mm, 2-3 mm de diámetro en la boca del tubo, crateriforme, la base abruptamente contraída para formar un seudopedículo c. 1 mm; lobos del cáliz c. 0.5 × 0.5 mm, deciduos en la antesis o poco después de esta, los márgenes escariosos; pétalos fusionados, formando una caliptra que cae como una unidad en la antesis, blancos; estambres 50-100, 3-5 mm, blancos; estilo 6-7 mm. Frutos 15-20 × 7-10 mm, elipsoidales; pericarpo carnoso; tubo del cáliz reducido a un anillo apical persistente 1-2 mm de diámetro; color negro-purpúreo en la madurez. Cultivada, ocasionalmente escapada. B (Whitefoord 3166, BM); G (Steyermark 42105, F); H (Molina R. 31798, F); ES (Cruz 216, F); P (Galdames 4398, F). 0-1200 m. (Nativa de la India y Sureste de Asia; ampliamente cultivada en otros sitios de los trópicos.)

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Mesoamericana
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    Morphology

    Style 5–6 mm long.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Fruits dark purple-red, broadly ellipsoid, oblong or subglobose, often somewhat curved, 2.4–3.5(–5) cm long, 2 cm wide (2x1 cm dry), crowned by 2 mm diameter calyx-rim, 1-seeded (rarely 2–5-seeded or seedless in some varieties); pulp white, acid.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Petals white, elliptic, 4 mm long, 3 mm wide.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Stamens white, 4–6 mm long with very slender filaments.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Cymes terminal and axillary, or mostly lateral borne in the axils of fallen leaves on older stems, about 10 cm long; flowers drying pale orange-brown.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Calyx often drying orange-brown, obconic, 4–5 mm long, 3–4 mm wide, very obscurely 4(–5)-lobed, practically truncate, rim orange.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Glabrous evergreen tree or large shrub, 6–25 m tall with spreading crown; outer bark pale yellow brown, white or grey, densely thinly flaky (described as rough or smooth); inner bark rough, thick and fibrous.

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    Leaves shiny, mostly very regularly oblong-elliptic but can be elliptic, oblanceolate-elliptic or ovate-lanceolate, 6–17(–20) cm long, 2.5–8.5 cm wide, acuminate to a rounded tip which is often down-curved, cuneate at the base; ± coriaceous; main lateral nerves numerous and close, ± 40; petiole 0.8–2 cm long.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
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    Evergreen tree 6–15 m. tall.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Leaf-lamina up to 13 x 5 cm., elliptic or oblanceolate-elliptic, apex subacuminate or shortly acuminate, base cuneate.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Bark rough, dark.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Fruit up to 2·4 x 2 cm., ellipsoid or subglobose.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Receptacle (including pseudopedicel) + calyx c. 0·5 cm. long; calyx + upper receptacle 0·2 cm. long; filaments 0·5–0·6 cm. long.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Inflorescence a lateral, lax panicle, mostly borne in the axils of fallen leaves on older stems, very rarely also axillary or terminal.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
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    Distribution Map

     
    • Introduced distribution
    Introduced into
    • Southern America Brazil Amazonas
    • Roraima
    • Bahia
    • Pernambuco
    • Paraní
    • Rio Grande do Sul
    • Santa Catarina
    • Espirito Santo
    • Minas Gerais
    • Rio de Janeiro
    • São Paulo

    Synonyms

     Information From

    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • A Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Mesoamericana
    http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Myrtaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • C CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • D
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • E
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • F Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • G Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • H CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Global Tree Search
    https://tools.bgci.org/global_tree_search.php
    BGCI. 2018. GlobalTreeSearch online database. Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, U.K. Available at www.bgci.org. Accessed on 30/11/2018.
    • I Botanic Gardens Conservation International