Syzygium malaccense (L.) Merr. & L.M.Perry
  • J. Arnold Arbor.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Syzygium malaccense (L.) Merr. & L.M.Perry. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000318961. Accessed on: 26 Sep 2021'

General Information

Trees, to 15 m tall. Branchlets grayish brown when dry, stout, terete. Petiole ca. 1 cm; leaf blade narrowly elliptic to elliptic, 16-24 × 6-8 cm, leathery, abaxially yellowish brown when dry, adaxially dark green and not glossy when dry, secondary veins 11-14 on each side of midvein, 1-1.5 cm apart, and at an angle of ca. 45° from midvein, reticulate veins conspicuous, intramarginal veins 3-5 mm from margin and another inconspicuous intramarginal vein ca. 1 mm from margin, base cuneate, apex acute. Inflorescences lateral on older leafless branches, cymes, in 4-9-flowered clusters; peduncle very short. Flowers red, ca. 2.5 cm, stout, ridged. Hypanthium broadly obconic, ca. 1 × 1 cm. Calyx lobes 4, suborbicular, 5-6 × 7-8 mm, apex rounded. Petals rounded, ca. 1 × 1 cm, distinct. Stamens completely distinct, 1-1.3 cm. Style as long as stamens. Fruit ovoid to pot-shaped, ca. 4 cm, 1-seeded. Fl. May or Jan-Feb, fr. Apr-May.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
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    4. Syzygium malaccense (L.) Merr.etL.M. Perry, J. Arnold Arbor. 19: 215 (1938). Eugenia malaccensis L., Sp. Pl. 470 (1753). LT (designado por Barrie en Jarvis, 2007): "Nati-schambu", Rheede, Hort. Malab. 1: t. 18 (1678). Ilustr.: Little y Skolmen, U.S.D.A. Handb. 679: 241, t. 112 (1989).

    Por F.R. Barrie.

    Árboles 8-20 m. Ramitas comprimidas, finalmente teretes; corteza rojiza, escamosa. Hojas elípticas u oblongas, las láminas 12-36 × 5.5-16 cm, 1.5-2.7 veces más largas que anchas, coriáceas, verdes o verde olivo concoloro cuando secas; vena media cóncava o sulcada en el haz, convexa en el envés; nervaduras laterales 7-12, aplanadas o grabadas en el haz, elevadas en el envés; vena media similar a las nervaduras laterales y marcadamente arqueadas entre ellas, a 7-15 mm de los márgenes; glándulas inconspicuas o esparcidas sobre una o ambas superficies; base cuneada a redondeada; márgenes unidos en el pecíolo; ápice abruptamente acuminado u obtuso; pecíolos 10-15 mm, grueso y suberoso en las hojas maduras, deprimido adaxialmente. Inflorescencias caulifloras, en los nudos sin hojas de las ramas foliares, cimosas, simples o una vez compuestas; eje 10-15 × 2-3 mm; flores 6-12; brácteas deciduas mucho antes de la antesis; botones 15-20 mm, turbinados, rojos. Flores pediceladas, los pedicelos 1-3 × 1-2 mm; bractéolas deciduas mucho antes de la antesis; hipanto 15-20 mm, rojo, obcónico a infundibuliforme, la base contraída para formar un seudopedículo 5-10 mm; lobos del cáliz 3-7 × 6-7 mm, en pares subiguales, ampliamente ovados o redondeados, los márgenes escariosos, el ápice redondeado; pétalos 7-9 × 7-9 mm, ovados, cóncavos, rojos, el ápice redondeado, los márgenes escariosos; estambres 100-150, 20-25 mm, rojos; estilo 20-25 mm. Frutos 50-75 × 20-50 mm, oblongos u obovoides; pericarpo carnoso, el ápice excavado; lobos del cáliz persistentes, plegados por encima del ápice; color rojo, rosado o blanco en la madurez. Cultivada. B (Whitefoord 3167, BM); G (Marshall et al. 426, MO); H (Standley 21576, F); ES (Standley 23684, US); N (Ríos 182, MO); CR (Burger y Liesner 7010, F); P (Croat 4993, MO). 0-1200 m. (Nativa del sureste de Asia; ampliamente cultivada en los países tropicales.)

  • Provided by: [D].Flora Mesoamericana
    • Source: [
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    Syzygium malaccense (L.) Merr. & L.M. Perry, J. Arnold Arbor. 19: 215. 1938; Eugenia malaccensis L.

    Arboles, 5–20 m de alto; ramitas glabras. Hojas oblongas a oblanceoladas u oblongo-elípticas, 23.5–36 cm de largo y 8–18 cm de ancho, ápice abruptamente acuminado u obtuso, base cuneiforme o redondeada, glabras. Racimos de 4–10 flores rosadas o rojas, pedicelos 1–5 (–8) mm de largo, glabros, bractéolas tempranamente caducas; lobos del cáliz redondeados, 6–15 mm de largo, glabros. Frutos oblongos u obovoides, 4–8 cm de largo, rosados o rojos.

    Común, cultivada y naturalizada en todo el país; 0–600 m; fl oct–ene, fr feb–jul; Ríos 182, Robleto 593; nativa de la región Indo-Malaya pero cultivada en las zonas pantropicales. Comestible. "Pera de agua".

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
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    Low trees with very dense rounded crown. Leaves large, oblong-elliptical, obtuse or acute at the base, acute or acuminate at the apex, coriaceous, glabrous, 20-30 cm. long and 8-18 cm. wide, the lateral nerves in about 10-14 pairs. In- florescences lateral, few-flowered. Flowers red. Receptacle glabrous. Sepals 4-8 mm. long. Petals orbiculate, red, 14-18 mm. long. Stamen filaments red, greatly exserted; anthers yellow. Berry obovoid, about 7 cm. long, whitish or yellowish or tinged with red.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
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    Morphology

    Flowers crimson in ± sessile clusters on new or old wood.

  • Provided by: [K].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 1
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    Calyx 1.5 cm long, 8 mm wide with lobes ± round, 5 mm long, 4 mm wide.

  • Provided by: [K].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 1
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    Petals elliptic, 10 mm long, 8 mm wide, obtuse.

  • Provided by: [K].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 1
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    Fruit white, yellow, reddish or pink-blotched, obovoid or oblong-pyriform, 2.5–6 cm long, scented, crowned with enlarged green sepals.

  • Provided by: [K].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 1
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    Conical tree 6–18 m tall with dense foliage and smooth flaky bark.

  • Provided by: [K].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 1
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    Leaves very variable, oblong to elliptic, 16–34 cm long, 5–15 cm wide, acute or acuminate at the apex, cuneate at the base, subcoriaceous; petiole 0.5–1.5 cm long.

  • Provided by: [K].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Habit

    trees

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Native of Asia

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 5
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     Information From

    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • A Missouri Botanical Garden
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Mesoamericana
    http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    International Union for Conservation of Nature
    https://www.iucn.org/
    IUCN 2016. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-2
    • G All Rights Reserved
    Global Tree Search
    https://tools.bgci.org/global_tree_search.php
    BGCI. 2018. GlobalTreeSearch online database. Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, U.K. Available at www.bgci.org. Accessed on 30/11/2018.
    • H Botanic Gardens Conservation International
    International Union for Conservation of Nature v.3
    https://www.iucnredlist.org/
    IUCN 2019. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2019-1.
    • I See IUCN Terms and conditions of use http://www.iucnredlist.org/info/terms-of-use
    Myrtaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • J CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • K
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • L CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).