Zantedeschia aethiopica (L.) Spreng.
  • Syst. Veg.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Zantedeschia aethiopica (L.) Spreng. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000335148. Accessed on: 26 Oct 2020'

General Information

Zantedeschia aethiopica (L.) Spreng., Syst. Veg. 3: 765. 1826; Calla aethiopica L.

Terrestres; tallos rizomatosos, gruesos, cortos; plantas monoicas. Hojas poco numerosas, erectas, sagitadas a hastadas, 25–42 cm de largo y 12–28 cm de ancho, gradualmente acuminadas en el ápice, los lobos posteriores en su mayoría obviamente agudos aunque a veces redondeados, nervios laterales primarios 5–9, apenas más prominentes que los interprimarios o nervios menores, los nervios transversales frecuentemente visibles, los basales libres hasta la base o casi hasta ella, a veces débilmente enlazados hasta 1.5 cm de su longitud, pero nunca marcadamente desnudos a lo largo del seno, seno hipocrepiforme a subtriangular; pecíolos esponjosos, envainados en los 1/3 a 2/3 de su longitud. Inflorescencias erectas entre las hojas o por encima de éstas, pedúnculo alargado y esponjoso; espata ovado-elíptica a obovada, 7–13 cm de largo y 4–13 cm de ancho, acuminada, abriéndose ampliamente en la antesis, débilmente convoluta en la base, blanca, marchitándose y persistente en la antesis, el tubo no obviamente libre de la lámina, la lámina decidua; espádice 2–5.5 cm de largo; porción estaminada hasta 3.5 cm de largo, blanca; porción pistilada hasta 2 cm de largo, verde; flores desnudas; flores estaminadas con 2–3 estambres, conectivo truncado en el ápice, lóculos oblongos, extrorsos, con un poro vertical; flores pistiladas con estilos alargados, ovario ovoide, 3–5-locular generalmente con 4 óvulos por lóculo (1–2 desarrollándose en semillas). Semillas ovoides, la testa longitudinalmente estriada.

Naturalizada, bosques siempreverdes en Jinotega y Matagalpa; 1000 m; fl y fr durante todo el año; Moreno 519, Stevens 5571; ampliamente cultivada y naturalizada en Centro y Sur América. Género con 6 especies nativas del sur de Africa. "Azucena".

  • Provided by: [F].Flora de Nicaragua
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    Planta terrestre, sin savia lechosa; tallo subterrá-neo, un rizoma grueso, suculento. Hojas espiraladas.Pecíolos ca. 33–82 cm, 6 esponjosos, nunca peltada-mente adjuntos, sin genículo. Láminas foliares simples,ca. 15–40 3 6.8–24.5 cm, oblongo-deltadas a lanceo-deltadas, sagitadas a subhastadas en la base, con ca. 6–10 venas laterales primarias por lado. Infls. 1 por axila;pedúnculo alargado; espata ca. 10.5–22.5 3 (4.5–)7.5–13.5 cm, con tubo proximal verdoso y lámina amplia-mente abierta, redondeada a elíptica, apicalmente re-flexa, blanco puro; espádice en fl. ca. 3.9–9.6 cm, conregiones masculinas y femeninas separadas, sin zonaestéril medial o apéndice estéril apical; región mas-culina ca. 0.5–0.6 cm de ancho, anaranjado dorado oamarillo dorado. Fls. unisexuales, sin perianto; fls. es-taminadas con 2 ó 3 estambres separados; fls. pistiladascon 3 estaminodios en forma de hongo; ovario trilocu-lar; óvulos 1–4 por lóculo, basales o sobre placentasaxilares; estilo corto; estigma convexo. Frs. verdes,que llegan a ser anaranjados en la porción proximal,con 1–12 semillas.

  • Provided by: [C].Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
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    Diagnostic Description

    The essential characters of Z. aethiopica are that it is a robust evergreen plant up to 60 cm high, without a dark purple area at the base of the spathe inside; the ovaries are interspersed with staminodes; and the limb, which is consistently ivory-white is broad and widely spreading backwards. In typical plants the spadix is bright yellow.

  • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Morphology

    This species is easily distinguished from Z. albomaculata by its pure white spathes and the numerous clavate-spathulate staminodes scattered among the pistillate flowers.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Evergreen perennial herb, up to 0.6 m high. Leaves broadly ovate-cordate, 150-200 x 100-150 mm, up to 0.6 m long. Female flowers interspersed with staminodes. Spathe ivory-white with bright green at base.

  • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Plants glabrous up to 60 cm tall (sometimes up to 2.5 m under trees). Leaves evergreen, up to 60 cm long; petiole green: blade usually immaculate, characteristically more or less spreading and leathery, varied in shape but usually broadly ovate-cordate or hastate, 15-20 cm long, 10-15 cm broad at the base, apex obtuse or acute, the length of the blade above the basal lobes usually less than twice the width. Peduncle 30-60 cm long, green, glabrous. Triangular in cross-section, 2.5 x 2 cm at base. Spathe about 15 cm long, 12 cm broad, ivory-white inside, bright green at base outside merging into white upwards, longitudinally veined, folded from slightly below the insertion of the spadix into a wide-mouthed funnel, limb obliquely spreading, ending in a green recurving 2 cm long apiculus. Spadix sessile, male zone about 7 cm long, anthers bright yellow, 1.5-2 mm long, 1-1.5 mm broad with 2 pores, pollen white; female zone about 1.8 cm long, ovaries interspersed with numerous mushroom-shaped staminodes; ovaries about 4 mm long, globose, grooved, pale yellow-green grading to whitish at the lip, tapering to a short style 1.5 mm long, 3 locular, each locule with 14 ovules. Fruits numerous 1.2 cm long, 1-1.2 cm in diam. across the top, green at first, becoming soft and orange coloured at the base and greenish at the apex when ripe, tapering to a triangular base with a short persistent style at the apex, seeds 1-12. Its main flowering period is from August until January, but in Natal and the Transvaal occasional flowers are found from February to July.

  • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Rhizomatous geophyte, 60-100 cm. Leaves sagittate, on long spongy petioles. Flowers with large white spathe and yellow spadix.

  • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Perennial herb, up to 0.6 m high; evergreen. Leaves with blade broadly ovate-cordate, 150200 x 100-150 mm. Flowers: female flowers interspersed with staminodes; spathe ivory-white with bright green at base; Sep.-Feb. Fruit ± spherical, ± 12 mm long, green becoming orange at base when ripe.

  • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Rhizomatous geophyte, 0.6-1 m tall. Leaves sagittate, on long spongy petioles. Flowers on a yellow spadix, surrounded by a large, funnel-shaped, white spathe, faintly scented. Berries soft and yellow when ripe, peduncle erect in fruit.

  • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Habitat

    Vleis, marshy depressions.

  • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Plants of this species grow in marshy depressions from sea level to high altitudes.

  • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Sandy or rocky places, usually seasonally damp.

  • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Vredefort Dome Savanna; Dry Grassland. Vleis, marshy depressions.

  • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Sandy or rocky places, in permanent springs or seasonally damp depressions.

  • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
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    • 8
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    Distribution

    Extending from the western Cape Province as far north as Clanwilliam and eastwards through Eastern Province and Natal to Lesotho and the Woodbush area in north-eastern Transvaal.

  • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Richtersveld, Kamiesberg, Bokkeveld Mtns to Limpopo.

  • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Richtersveld National Park, Kamiesberg and Bokkeveld Mountains through to SW Cape and Limpopo Province.

  • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Uses

    Is cultivated throughout the world for its beautiful inflorescences and has escaped from cultivation in various parts of the tropics in cooler upland areas, e.g. Tanzania, Matalu 3309!, Batty 635!

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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      Bibliography

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    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
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    • I All Rights Reserved