Carex nigra (L.) Reichard
  • Fl. Moeno-Francof.
  • Cíb dhubh


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Carex nigra (L.) Reichard. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000349250. Accessed on: 22 Oct 2021'

General Information

Plants not cespitose. Culms acutely angled, 10–110 cm, scabrous. Leaves: basal sheaths red-brown; sheaths of proximal leaves glabrous, fronts lacking spots and veins, apex truncate; blades epistomic, 2–4.5 mm wide, adaxially papillose. Inflorescences: proximal bract subequal to inflorescence, 1.5–4 mm wide. Spikes erect; proximal 2–3 spikes pistillate, 1.2–4.2 cm × 3–5 mm, base obtuse or acute; terminal 1–2 spikes staminate. Pistillate scales dark purple-brown or black, shorter than perigynia, apex obtuse, awnless. Perigynia ascending, pale brown with red-brown or black spots on apical 1/2, occasionally black on apical 1/2, 3–9-veined on each face, somewhat flattened, tightly enclosing achenes, stipitate, ellipsoid or obovoid, 2–3.7 × 1.1–2.1 mm, somewhat leathery, dull, base truncate, distended, apex obtuse or rounded, papillose; stipe 0.1–0.3 mm; beak red-brown or black, 0.1–0.2 mm, orifice scabrous. Achenes not constricted, whitish iridescent, base adnate to perigynium. 2n = 83, 84, 85.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    "Loosely tufted, with both long and short rhizomes, the stems 1–8 dm, surpassing the lvs; main lvs lacking palisade-tissue, 2–3 mm wide, V-shaped in x-section, with stomates and papillae only on the upper side; staminate spikes peduncled, 1–3 dm, often with 1 or 2 smaller ones at its base; pistillate spikes 2–5, contiguous or separate, cylindric, 1–4 cm × 5 mm, often acute, erect, sessile or the lowest short-pedunculate, commonly with a few terminal staminate fls; bracts sheathless or with a very short purple-brown sheath, the lowest lf-like but shorter than or barely equaling the infl, the upper much reduced; pistillate scales ovate or oblong, usually slightly narrower and considerably shorter than the perigynia, with dark brown or atropurpureous sides and very narrow pale midvein scarcely reaching the obtuse tip; perigynia thin, planoconvex, ovate to obovate, 2.0–3.7 mm, half to three-fifths as wide, rounded to obtuse at the tip, finely few-nerved (as well as 2-ribbed), minutely beaked, green, becoming tawny, distally dark-blotched, papillate throughout; achene lenticular, loosely enveloped in the lower half of the perigynium; 2n=ca 84. Wet meadows and salt-marshes, mostly near the coast; Lab. to Conn. and Vt.; disjunct in n. Mich.; widespread in Europe. (C. acuta, misapplied)"

  • Provided by: [D].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    10–50 cm hoch, lockerrasig oder in kleinen Büscheln, am Grund mit dunkelbraunen, glänzenden, nicht gekielten Blattscheiden. Stängel scharf 3kantig. Blätter steif, 1,5–5 mm breit, oberseits matt graugrün, unterseits ± glänzend grün. Blütenstand m

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Ecology

    5–7. Sumpfwiesen, Flachmoore, kollin-alpin. CH.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

     
    • Native distribution
    Found in
    • Europe Northern Europe Ireland

    Synonyms

    Nationally Preferred Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Cíb dhubhIrishIE
    Common sedgeEnglishIE

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Cíob dhubhIrishIE
    Laiche bruneFrenchCH
    Carex noir
    Carice foscaItalianCH
    Braune SeggeGermanCH
    Charetsch brinRaeto-RomanceCH

      Bibliography

     Information From

    Cyperaceae
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    http://www.flora-helvetica.ch
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz, Konrad Lauber, Gerhart Wagner, Andreas Gygax. Haupt Verlag 2018.
    • B All Rights Reserved
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • C Flora of North America Association
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • D Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Irish Vernacular Names
    https://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/plant-science/plant-science/research-staff/article/380/wyse-jackson-peter-s.aspx
    • E All Rights Reserved
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).