Luffa aegyptiaca Mill.
  • Gard. Dict. ed. 8
  • Sponge or dishcloth gourd, smooth luffa


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Luffa aegyptiaca Mill. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000358882. Accessed on: 05 Dec 2021'

General Information

Stem and branches scabrous, sulcate-angular, puberulent. Tendrils rather robust, usually 2-4-fid. Petiole 10-12 cm, scabrous, subglabrous; leaf blade triangular or suborbicular, 10-20 × 10-20 cm, often palmately 5-7-lobed; lobes triangular, median lobe 8-12 cm, base deeply cordate, margin dentate, apex acute or acuminate; sinus 2-3 cm deep, 2-2.5 cm wide. Male flowers usually 15-20 in a raceme; peduncle somewhat robust, 12-14 cm, pubescent; pedicels 1-2 cm; calyx broadly campanulate, 5-9 mm, puberulent; segments reflexed above, ovate-lanceolate or subtriangular, 8-13 × 4-7 mm, densely puberulent, 3-veined, apex acuminate; corolla yellow, rotate, 5-9 cm in diam.; segments oblong, 2-4 × 2-2.8 cm, inside densely yellow-white villous, base attenuate, apex rounded-obtuse. Stamens usually 5, rarely 3; filaments 6-8 mm, base white pubescent, connate at first, later free. Female flowers solitary; pedicel 2-10 cm; ovary narrowly cylindric, puberulent; stigmas expanded. Fruit cylindric, straight or slightly curved, 15-45 × 3-6 cm, smooth, ecostate, inside strongly fibrous when mature. Seeds usually black, ovate, smooth or very sparingly tuberculate, margin slightly winged. Fl. and fr. summer and autumn.

  • Provided by: [I].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Vines climbing or trailing to 15 m; tendrils 3–6-branched; stems not angled, finely hairy or glabrous. Leaves: petiole 2–15 cm; blade dark green, ovate-cordate, (3–)5-lobed, 6–20(–30) × 6–25 cm, lobes triangular to ovate, margins entire or sinuate to sinuate-toothed or sublobulate-dentate, apex acute-apiculate, surfaces scabrous. Staminate racemes (5–)15–20-flowered, 12–35 cm; peduncles and pedicels erect to spreading. Flowers 5–10 cm diam.; hypanthium 4–8 mm, sepals longer than tube; petals bright yellow, 25–45 mm, apex shallowly obtuse to obtuse-apiculate; stamens (3–)5; filaments 6–8 mm. Pepos cylindric, not angled, (6–)20–50 × (2.5–)6–10 cm. Seeds dull black, not beaked, 10–12 × 6–8 mm, surface smooth, glabrous, margins with wings ca. 1 mm wide. 2n = 26.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Luffa aegyptiaca Mill., Gard. Dict., ed. 8, Luffa no. 1. 1768; L. cylindrica M. Roem.; Momordica cylindrica L.; M. luffa L.; L. cylindrica (L.) T. Durand & H. Durand.

    Trepadoras robustas; tallos finamente crespo-pubescentes a subglabros. Hojas ovadas a ampliamente ovadas, 2.5–22.5 cm de largo y 3.5–27 cm de ancho, profundamente cordadas, gruesamente sinuado-denticuladas a subenteras, híspidas o escábridas, corta a profundamente 5–7-palmatilobadas, el lobo central más grande, amplia a angostamente triangular u ovado, obtuso a agudo, cortamente acuminado, apiculado; pecíolos 2–25 cm de largo, cortamente crespo-pubescentes; zarcillos 2–5-ramificados. Flores estaminadas 6–30, dispuestas en racimos 10–55 cm de largo, pedúnculos 7–45 cm de largo, con una probráctea glandulosa en la base, brácteas adnadas a los pedicelos, pequeñas, con glándulas discoidales en el envés, pedicelos 3–16 mm de largo, hipanto finamente pubescente, 4.5–9 mm de largo, sépalos ovados a lanceolados, 7–15 mm de largo, agudos, a veces con glándulas discoidales, pétalos obovados, 2.5–5.3 cm de largo, redondeados, apiculados, amarillo obscuros; flores pistiladas en pedicelos 1.3–3 cm de largo, hipanto 2–7 mm de largo, perianto como en las flores estaminadas, pero los sépalos más delgados, ovario cilíndrico, inconspicuamente acostillado, ca 1.5 cm de largo. Fruto elipsoide a cilíndrico, subterete, 15–42 cm de largo y 5–8 cm de ancho, verde con costillas verde obscuras y puntos verde pálidos, café cuando maduro, pedúnculo grueso, expandido hacia arriba, 1–14 cm de largo; semillas 8.5–12 mm de largo, 6–7.5 mm de ancho y 2.3–3 mm de grueso, lisas o casi lisas, angostamente aladas o marginadas, negro opacas.

    Muy común en lugares abiertos, alterados y cultivados, en matorrales y bosques caducifolios a perennifolios, en todas las zonas del país; 0–700 m; fl y fr durante todo el año; Araquistain 574, Stevens 11041; cultivada y naturalizada en los trópicos aunque quizás sea originaria de Asia tropical. Los frutos jóvenes se comen como vegetales y los esqueletos de los frutos maduros se usan como esponjas de baño. "Paste".

  • Provided by: [G].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    long, lanceolate, acuminate, appressed pubescent; petals yellow, oblong cuneate to obovate, 2-3 (-4) cm long, mucronate, the outer surface puberulent, especially toward the base and on the nerves, the inner surface stipitate glandular, also with a few scattered nonglandular hairs, prominently ribbed, the stamens 3, free, the filaments 6-10 mm long, slender, puberulent, ciliate at the base, the anthers flexuous. Pistillate flowers solitary, axillary; peduncles 2-10 cm long; calyx and corolla as in the staminate flowers; ovary fusiform, ca. 1.5 cm long, appressed pubescent, 3-carpellate, the ovules numerous, horizontal, the styles connate, the stigmas 3, bilobate, densely papillate, staminodia 5, ca. 1 mm long, pubescent, the tip glabrous. Fruits green, longitudinally striate with darker markings, cylin- drical or fusiform, 10-30 cm long, ecostate, dehiscent by a conical, long-beaked operculum; seeds gray, mottled with darker markings, ovoid, compressed, 8-12 mm long, 7-10 mm wide, the margin narrowly winged, 2 oblique bumps present above the hilum on each surface, the testa granulate.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Monoecious, tendriled vines; stems 5- to 10-sulcate, pubescent to glabrate. Leaves with the blades suborbicular in outline, 10-25 cm long, as wide or slightly wider than long, apex acuminate to caudate, the base deeply cordate, the margin denticulate, chartaceous, the upper and the lower surfaces scabrous with pustu- lar based trichomes; petioles 4-12 cm long, slender, pubescent to glabrate, stri- ate; tendrils 3- to 5-branched, pubescent to glabrate. Staminate flowers in axil- lary racemes, the rachis 10-35 cm long, appressed pubescent, glabrate toward the base, 10- to 30-flowered in the upper half, the pedicels 1-2 cm long, pubes- cent; calyx campanulate, lobed for %i or more its length, the lobes 10-15 mm

  • Provided by: [F].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Bejuco rastrero o trepador, hasta al menos 5 m. Hojas 7–19 X 7–20 cm, ovadas, 3–5(–7)-lobuladas, de otra forma subenteras a denticuladas. Infls. masculinas 10–17 cm. Fls. estaminadas con los sépalos 7–15 mm; pétalos 25–53 mm. Frs. verdes (con estrías más oscuras) a café (cuando maduros), hasta ca. 40 cm, cilíndricos o fusiformes, inermes.

  • Provided by: [H].Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    An annual climber with yellow flowers.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Habit

    vines

  • Provided by: [F].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Ecology

    Cultivated, and commonly naturalized.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Common Names

    The Loofah Gourd

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Sponge or dishcloth gourd, smooth luffa
    spongegourd
    sponge cucumber vegetable sponge
    calabazo esponga

     Information From

    Cucurbitaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • D The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • E Flora of North America Association
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • G Missouri Botanical Garden
    Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Costa%20Rica
    Hammel, B. E.; Grayum, M. H.; Herrera, C.; Zamora, N. Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2003-2014
    • H Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • I Missouri Botanical Garden