Luffa cylindrica (L.) M.Roem.
  • Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Luffa cylindrica (L.) M.Roem. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000358886. Accessed on: 18 Oct 2021'

General Information

1. Luffa cylindrica (L.) M. Roem., Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 2: 63 (1846). Momordica cylindrica L., Sp. Pl. 1009 (1753). Lectotipo (designado por Jeffrey, 1962): Herb. Clifford: 451, Momordica 3 (BM). Ilustr.: Nee, Fl. Veracruz 74: 79, t. 12 (1993). N.v.: Loofah, estropajo, pashte.

Por R.J. Hampshire.

Luffa aegyptiaca Mill., Momordica luffa L.

Bejucos abundantes, monoicos; tallos esparcidamente adpreso-pelosos. Hojas 6-15(-25) cm, orbiculares, 5-7-lobadas o -anguladas, los lobos triangulares, cartáceos, escabrosos y generalmente pustulados especialmente en el haz, con glándulas discoidales esparcidas en el envés; base profundamente cordata; márgenes remotamente denticulados; ápice acuminado; pecíolos 1.5-10(-15) cm, estriados. Zarcillos 2-5-fidos. Inflorescencias estaminadas en racimos axilares 10-30-floras; pedúnculos 10-33 cm, erectos; pedicelos 4-10 mm, con una bráctea 3-5 mm, glabra, glandular; hipanto someramente campanulado, peloso; lobos del cáliz 7-15 mm, oblongo triangulares, ciliados; pétalos 2.5-3.5 cm, vistosos, delicados, la nervaduras vellosas, amarillo brillante; estambres 4-5; filamentos libres; tecas contortas, marginales en un conectivo ancho, lobado. Flores pistiladas solitarias; pedicelos (3-)7-20(-55) mm; ovario cilíndrico, 3-carpelado, tomentoso; perianto como en las flores estaminadas; estilo robusto; estigmas 3, los lobos recurvados. Frutos 10-30 × 4-7 cm, grandes, cilíndricos, verdes con bandas verde oscuro y manchas verde claro, volviéndose pardas, con dehiscencia en un poro terminal, secos, con el interior fibroso, las semillas gradualmente liberadas con el movimiento; pedúnculo 2-15 cm; semillas numerosas, 8-12 × 6-10 mm, oblongo-ovadas, comprimidas, lisas, diminutamente tuberculadas, el margen angostamente alado, pardo oscuro a casi negras. 2n = 26. Lugares abiertos, alterados o cultivados. T ( Novelo et al. 57, MO); Y ( Gaumer 980, MO); C ( Cabrera y Cabrera 2287, MO); QR (Lira, 2004: 113); B (Schipp S-190, NY); G ( Standley 74257, F); H ( de Martínez 255, MO); ES ( Seiler 809, F); N ( Moreno 3065, MO); CR ( Khan et al. 496, MO); P ( Solanilla 39, MO). 0-900 m. (Nativa del Viejo Mundo; cultivada o naturalizada en los tropicos.)

El mesocarpo fibroso de los frutos secos se usa para lavar platos o en lugar de una esponja durante el baño. Los frutos inmaduros ocasionalmente se cocinan y se comen. La especie también se cultiva como planta de ornato. Lira Saade (1988) registra a Luffa acutangula (L.) Roxb. como introducida a Yucatán por inmigrantes chinos, pero yo no he visto ningún ejemplar de herbario. Difiere de L. cylindrica en que tiene frutos alados.

 

  • Provided by: [H].Flora Mesoamericana
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    Annual, climber or trailer. Tendrils slightly pubescent, 3-6-fid. Stem 5-angled, finely hairy to glabrous. Leaves palmately 5-lobed, dark green, orbicular-cordate, 8-25 cm across, lobes triangular, lanceolate, acute-apiculate, entire or sinuate, scabrous. Petiole 5-15 cm long. Flowers bright yellow, pedicellate, 5-6 cm across; male racemose, racemes axillary, 12-25 cm long, 15-20-flowered, female flowers in the same axil as males. Probrract fleshy, ovate, with 3-7 glistening glands on the upper surface. Calyx tube short, broadly campanulate, slightly pubescent; lobes triangular-lanceolate, longer than tube. Petals obovate-cuneiform, 2.5-3.5 cm long, 1-2.5 cm broad, obtuse. Stamens 3-5, filaments 6-8 mm long. Ovary cylindrical, finely appressed hairy. Fruit cylindrical and fusiform, 20-50 cm long, 6-10 cm across, smooth. Seeds dull black, elliptic-ovoid, c. 10-12 mm long, 6-8 mm broad, with c. 1 mm wide margin.

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    Morphology

    Female flowers on 2·5–14·5 cm. peduncles; ovary 20–40 × 2–7 mm., cylindrical, densely puberulous; receptacle-tube 2·5–6 mm. long, lobes 8–16 mm. long, ovate-lanceolate or lanceolate, glandular; corolla as in male flowers.

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    male flowers racemose; peduncles 7–32 cm. long, finely hairy; pedicels 3–12 mm. long, finely hairy; bracts adnate to the pedicels, spathulate, glandular, 2–6 mm. long. Receptacle finely hairy; receptacle-tube 3–7 mm. long, obconic below, expanded above, lobes 9–14 mm. long, triangular, acuminate, sometimes glandular. Petals 2–4·5 × 1–3·5 cm., rich yellow. Stamens 5 or rarely 3.

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    Probracts 3–7 mm. long, oblong-ovate or obovate.

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    Fruit 6–25 × 2·5–6 cm. or larger, ellipsoid to cylindrical, ± terete; fruit-stalk stout, 1·5–15 cm. long, expanded upwards.

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    Seeds 10–15 × 6–11 × 2–3 mm., broadly elliptic in outline, rounded at the ends, black, smooth, compressed, with a narrow, thin, wing-like margin.

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    Stems prostrate or scandent, to 15 m., finely hairy.

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    Leaf-lamina 6–18 × 6–23 cm., broadly ovate in outline, cordate, dark green, asperulous or scabrid, palmately 5–7-lobed, the lobes triangular to elliptic or narrowly oblong-lanceolate, obscurely sinuate-denticulate to coarsely and deeply sinuate-serrate or rarely lobulate, obtuse to acute, often acuminate, apiculate, the central largest.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Petiole 1–15 cm. long, finely ascending-pilose, becoming scabrid-strigose.

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    Tendrils usually 2–4-fid.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Herbaceous climber or trailer to 15 m.; stems finely hairy.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Seeds lenticular, broadly elliptic in outline, 10–12 × 6–8 × 2–3 mm., ± smooth, dull, blackish, with a narrow membranous wing-like border most prominent distally.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Fruit on a stout 20–60 mm. long stalk, ellipsoid or cylindrical, 60–190 mm. long, 25–60 mm. across or much larger, glabrous.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Fig. 10.

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    Leaf-blade ovate-cordate in outline, 60–180 mm. long, 60–210 mm. broad, palmately 3–5-lobed; lobes triangular or ovate and broadest at the base, or broadest about the middle, narrowed below and slightly lobulate laterally, acute or subacute and apiculate, entire, sinuate-toothed or strongly sublobulate-dentate; central lobe the most prominent; petiole 22–150 mm. long, finely and somewhat densely adpressed-hairy.

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    Probracts small, Ungulate, glandular, ± 3 mm. long.

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    Tendrils 3–6-fid, rarely bifid, branches often unequal in stoutness.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Female flowers on 15–30 mm. long stalks; ovary cylindrical, densely and shortly adpressed-hairy, obscurely 10-ribbed, 20–36 mm. long, 4–7 mm. across; receptacle-tube shortly cylindrical, 4–6 mm. long; lobes ovate, 10–11 mm. long; petals 30–37 mm. long, 20–30 mm. broad.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Male flowers ± 5–16 in 120–350 mm. long racemes; pedicels 3–7 mm. long, each bearing a small glandular bract near the base; receptacle-tube shortly campanulate, 4–8 mm. long, 5–7 mm. across, hairy inside; lobes triangular, acute, often acuminate, 8–12 mm. long; petals yellow or golden yellow, broadly rounded, apiculate, 25–45 mm. long, 18–35 mm. broad; stamens 3 or 5.

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    Plante herbacée, lianescente; tiges grimpantes ou rampantes, pouvant atteindre 3-6 m de long, finement côtelées et pubescentes.' Feuilles' à pétiole robuste, de 3-15 cm de long, finement et densément poilu; limbe de 6-20 cm de long et de large, 3-5-palmatilobé, à lobes triangulaires ou ovales, le lobe médian le plus développé, à bord denté ou lobulé, scabre sur les 2 faces; vrilles 3-6-fides, le plus souvent 3-fides.' Fleurs' ♂ jaunes, en racèmes 10-20-flores; axe de l'inflorescence de 10-30 cm de long; pédicelle de 3-6 mm de long, glanduleux à la base; réceptacle courtement campanulé, de 4-8 mm de long, élargi à la gorge; sépales lancéolés, un peu acuminés, de 8-10 mm de long; pétales largement arrondis, finement apiculés, de 2-4 cm de long et 1,5-3,5 cm de large; étamines à filet épais, divisé en 2 dans les étamines à anthères biloculaires, ou parfois 5 filets apparemment libres, soudés légèrement à la base et 5 anthères en apparence uniloculaires; anthères à loges très sinueuses.' Fleurs' ♀ solitaires; pédicelle de 15-30 mm de long; périanthe semblable à celui des fleurs ♂; ovaire cylindrique, de 20-35 mm de long et 4-8 mm de diam., densément poilu à l'état jeune puis glabrescent; staminodes 3, glanduliformes. Baies pendantes, ellipsoïdales, cylindriques ou fusiformes, de 15-20 cm de long et 6-10 cm de diam., parfois beaucoup plus grandes, glabres; pédicelle épais, de 2-6 cm de long.'Graines ovales, lenticulaires, brunâtres à noirâtres, lisses, marginées, à marge pouvant s'aplatir en une sorte d'aile membraneuse de 1 mm de large, d'environ 12 mm de long, 6-8 mm de large et 2-3 mm d'épaisseur.

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    Habit

    Liana/volúvel/trepadeira

  • Provided by: [A].Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    • Habitat

      Forêts secondaires, galeries forestières, savanes, jachères forestières, bord de marais et de rivières, près des villages et dans les anciennes plantations.

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      Distribution

      Largement répandue dans toutes les régions tropicales et subtropicales du monde; vraisemblablement échappée de cultures.

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      Uses

      1. Les fruits sont utilisés pour faire des brosses et des éponges (éponge végétale). — 2. Les feuilles cuites sont appliquées sur les plaies et constituent une médication violente.

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      Distribution Map

       
      • Introduced distribution
      Introduced into
      • Southern America Brazil Amazonas
      • Parí
      • Rondônia
      • Bahia
      • Paraába
      • Pernambuco
      • Rio de Janeiro
      • Brazilia Distrito Federal
      • Goiás
      • Mato Grosso do Sul

       Information From

      Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
      http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
      Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
      • A Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
      Cucurbitaceae
      World Flora Online Data. 2017.
      • B CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
      MBG Floras Images
      http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
      Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
      • C Missouri Botanical Garden
      • D Missouri Botanical Garden
      Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
      https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
      http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
      • E
      Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
      https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
      http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
      • F
      Flore d'Afrique Centrale
      https://www.floredafriquecentrale.be
      • G http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
      Flora Mesoamericana
      http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
      Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
      • H Missouri Botanical Garden
      Flora of Pakistan
      http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Pakistan
      Flora of Pakistan. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2020.
      • I Missouri Botanical Garden
      World Flora Online consortium
      http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
      World Flora Online Data. 2018.
      • J CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).