Lunaria annua L.
  • Sp. Pl.
  • Lunaria meridionale, Erba d'argento

Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Lunaria annua L. Published on the Internet; Accessed on: 25 Oct 2021'

General Information

Plants sparsely to densely hispid, glabrous, or glabrate. Stems (3-)4-10(-12) dm, pubescent or, rarely, glabrate. Basal leaves: petiole (1.5-)3-10(-17) cm; blade broadly cordate to narrowly cordate-ovate, (1.5-) 3-12(-18) × (1-)2-8(-12) cm, base cordate, often pubescent. Cauline leaves similar to basal, petiole shorter (distal sessile); blade (proximal opposite, distal alternate), smaller distally. Fruiting pedicels (7-)10-15 mm, glabrous or pubescent. Flowers: sepals (5-)6-9 (-10) × 1-2 mm; petals (15-)17-25(-30) × 5-10 mm, claw 5-10 mm; filaments 5-8 mm; anthers oblong, 2-3 mm; gynophore relatively slender, 7-18 mm. Fruits 3-4.5(-5) × 2-3(-3.5) cm, strongly latiseptate; valves each rounded basally and apically; replum glabrous or sparsely ciliate; style 4-10 mm. Seeds grayish brown, (6-)7-10(-12) × 5-9 mm. 2n = 30.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora of North America @
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    "Annual to 1 m; cauline lvs short-petioled or sessile; fls 2 cm wide; frs broadly elliptic, rounded at both ends, 3.5–5 cm, two-thirds as wide; 2n=30. Native of se. Europe, occasionally escaped from cult. May, June."

  • Provided by: [E].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Annual or biennial, 30-100 cm tall, erect, branched, ± hairy with simple hairs. Lower leaves long-stalked; stalk up to 8 cm long; blade broadly cordate, acuminate, coarsely toothed, up to 16 cm long, 9 cm broad; upper leaves shortly stalked to subsessile; all leaves roughly hairy with simple appressed hairs. Racemes 10-20-flowered, lax, ebracteate, up to 20 cm long in fruit. Flowers c. 3 cm across, purple, violet, pink or white; pedicels up to 15 mm long in fruit, spreading. Sepals 8-12 mm long, 2.5-3 mm broad. Petals 25-30 mm long, 8-10 mm broad, obovate, long clawed, conspicuously veined. Stamens 8-10: 10-15 mm long; anthers 2.5-3 mm long. Siliculae elliptic-oblong to almost orbicular, rounded at both ends, 30-45 mm long, 20-25 mm borad; septum broad, membranous, not veined ; seeds few, 5-8 mm in diam., winged uniformly (wing c. 1 mm broad).

  • Provided by: [B].Flora of Pakistan
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 


    Ähnlich wie L. rediviva, aber die oberen Blätter ungestielt, Kronblätter bis 25 mm lang, meist purpurn, Früchte kreisrund bis oval, 3–4 cm lang, 1–2mal so lang wie breit.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 


    4–5. Wegränder, Schuttplätze, kultiviert und verwildert, z.T. eingebürgert, kollin.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Other Local Names

    Lunaria meridionale, Erba d'argentoItalianCH
    Bolbonac, silver-dollar, penny-flower
    Lunaire annuelleFrenchCH


     Information From

    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Flora of Pakistan
    Flora of Pakistan. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2020.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of North America @
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • C Flora of North America Association
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz, Konrad Lauber, Gerhart Wagner, Andreas Gygax. Haupt Verlag 2018.
    • D All Rights Reserved
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • E Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    World Flora Online consortium
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).