Nephelium lappaceum L.
  • Mant. Pl. 125. 1767 [15-31 Oct 1767]
  • mai ngo pa (ไม้เงาะป่า)(Peninsular)

Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2023): Nephelium lappaceum L. Published on the Internet; Accessed on: 01 Jun 2023'

General Information

Trees, evergreen, ca. 10 m tall. Branches grayish brown, terete, rugose, ferruginous pilosulose when young. Leaves with petiole 15-45 cm, axis slightly strong, rugose when dry; leaflets (1 or)2 or 3(or 4) pairs; petiolules ca. 5 mm; blades elliptic or obovate, 6-18 × 4-7.5 cm, thinly leathery, glabrous, lateral veins 7-9 pairs, brownish red when dry, only prominent abaxially, net veins slightly honeycombed, visible on both surfaces when dry, base cuneate, margin entire, apex obtuse or slightly rounded, sometimes nearly acute. Inflorescences many branched, nearly as long as or longer than leaves, ferruginous tomentose. Pedicels short. Calyx ca. 2 mm, leathery; sepals ovate, tomentose. Petals absent. Stamens ca. 3 mm. Fruit reddish yellow, broadly ellipsoid, including spines ca. 5 × 4.5 cm, spines ca. 1 cm. Fl. early summer, fr. early autumn.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora of China @
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    (Shrubs to) trees up to 44 m high; bark dark to red-brown to greyish, also whitish, greenish or blackish, smooth or with small lenticels (to a bit scaly); young branches subglabrous. Leaves 1–5(–8)-jugate; young rachises subglabrous at most. Leaflets ± elliptic, 5–22 by 2–10.5 cm, papyraceous; base acute to attenuate to rounded; apex slightly emarginate to rounded (to acuminate); domatia usually present; (sub)glabrous above, variably short-pilose underneath. Inflorescences axillary, together pseudo terminal (to terminal). Flowers white to yellowish or greenish, small, odourless or fragrant. Sepals slightly to up to halfway connate, lobes deltoid, 1–2.1 mm high. Petals 0(–4), up to 1.6 mm long, including the 1.1 mm long claw, (sub)glabrous outside, woolly inside. Stamens (4) 5–8 (9); filaments white, anthers yellow to red. Ovary 2(–4) locular. Fruits red or yellowish green with red, acute spines, up to 2 cm long; lobes ellipsoid to subglobular, up to 6 by 3.5 cm; wall coriaceous, up to 2.5 mm thick.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of Thailand
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 


    In different types of evergreen primary and secondary forest, on flat land as well as on slopes, along ridges, rivers, roads, ravines; on a variety of soils, but preferably on fertile clay. Altitude: sea level up to 600(–1300) m. Flowering: August to July; fruiting: May to December (often 2 seasons). The fruits are eaten by flying foxes and fruitbats.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of Thailand
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 


    Yunnan, Hainan, Indo-China, Thailand, Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Java (type), Borneo, Philippines, and Sulawesi.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of Thailand
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 


    Commonly cultivated as a fruit tree, also outside its distribution range, often with 2 seasons per year, but rich crops are usually followed by one or more bad crops. The most favoured races have loose sarcotestas which are sweet and juicy. Unfortunately, the fruit is difficult to transport and when canned loses much of its flavour. See van Welzen & Verheij in Verheij & Coronel (eds.), Pl. Res. S.E. Asia (PROSEA Handb.) 2, Edible fruits and nuts: 233-235. 1991.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of Thailand
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

    • Introduced distribution
    Introduced into
    • Asia-Tropical Indo-China Thailand
    • Southern America Brazil Amazonas
    • Parí
    • Bahia
    • São Paulo

    Other Local Names

    mai ngo pa (ไม้เงาะป่า)(Peninsular)ThaiTHA
    phom ngo (ผมเงาะ)(Peninsular)ThaiTHA
    a-mo-tae (อาเมาะแต)(Malay-Pattani)ThaiTHA
    ka-mo-tae (กะเมาะแต)(Malay-Pattani)ThaiTHA
    phruan (พรวน)(Peninsular)ThaiTHA
    ngo pa (เงาะป่า)(Southeastern, Peninsular)ThaiTHA
    mo-tae (เมาะแต)(Malay-Pattani)ThaiTHA
    ngo (เงาะ)(Southeastern, Peninsular)ThaiTHA

     Information From

    e-Flora of Thailand
    Chayamarit, K. & Balslev, H. (eds.) (2019). Flora of Thailand. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.
    • A All Rights Reserved
    • B Forest Herbarium All rights reserved
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    The Brazilian Flora Group (2018): Brazilian Flora 2020. Dataset/Checklist:
    • C Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    Flora of China @
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Global Tree Search
    BGCI. 2022. GlobalTreeSearch online database (version 1.6). Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, UK. DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.34206.61761 Available at Accessed on (15/06/2022).
    • E Botanic Gardens Conservation International
    Sapindaceae. World Flora Online Data. 2022.
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online Consortium
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).