Raphanus sativus L.
  • Sp. Pl.
  • Garten-Rettich


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Raphanus sativus L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000402430. Accessed on: 18 Sep 2021'

General Information

Herbs annual or biennial, 10-130 cm tall, glabrous, scabrous, or hispid. Roots fleshy, white, pink, red, or black, linear, fusiform, oblong, or globose, 1-100 × 0.5-45 cm, sometimes slender and not fleshy. Stems simple or branched. Basal leaves with petioles 1-30 cm; leaf blade oblong, obovate, oblanceolate, or spatulate in outline, 2-60 × 1-20 cm, lyrate or pinnatisect, sometimes undivided, margin dentate, apex obtuse or acute; lateral lobes 1-12 on each side of midvein, sometimes absent, oblong or ovate, to 10 × 5 cm. Uppermost cauline leaves subsessile, often undivided, dentate. Fruiting pedicels divaricate or ascending, straight, 0.5-4 cm. Sepals narrowly oblong, 5.5-10 × 1-2 mm, glabrous or sparsely pubescent. Petals purple, pink, or sometimes white, often with darker veins, broadly obovate, 1.2-2.2 cm × 3-8 mm, apex obtuse or emarginate; claw to 1.4 cm. Filaments slender, 5-12 mm; anthers 1.5-2 mm, sagittate at base. Fruit fusiform or lanceolate, sometimes ovoid or cylindric; seedless valvular segment 1-3.5 mm; seed-bearing distal segment (1-)3-15(-25) × (0.5-)0.7-1.3(-1.5) cm, corky, rounded at base, conical at apex, smooth or rarely slightly constricted between seeds, not ribbed; style 1-4 cm; stigma entire. Seeds globose or ovoid, 2.5-4 mm in diam. Fl. and fr. depending on cultivation time. 2n = 18*.

  • Provided by: [G].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
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    • ]. 

    Annuals or biennials, roots often fleshy in cultivated forms; often sparsely scabrous or hispid, sometimes glabrous. Stems often simple from base, (1-)4-13 dm. Basal leaves: petiole 1-30 cm; blade oblong, obovate, oblanceolate, or spatulate in outline, lyrate or pinnatisect, sometimes undivided, 2-60 cm × 10-200 mm, margins dentate, apex obtuse or acute; lobes 1-12 each side, oblong or ovate, to 10 cm × 50 mm. Cauline leaves (distal) subsessile; blade often undivided. Fruiting pedicels spreading to ascending, 5-40 mm. Flowers: sepals 5.5-10 × 1-2 mm, glabrous or sparsely pubescent; petals usually purple or pink, sometimes white (veins often darker), 15-25 × 3-8 mm, claw to 14 mm; filaments 5-12 mm; anthers 1.5-2 mm. Fruits usually fusiform or lanceolate, sometimes ovoid or cylindrical; valvular segment 1-3.5 mm; terminal segment (1-)3-15(-25) cm × (5-)7-13(-15) mm, smooth or, rarely, slightly constricted between seeds, not ribbed, beak narrowly to broadly conical to linear; style 10-40 mm. Seeds globose or ovoid, 2.5-4 mm diam. 2n = 18.

  • Provided by: [H].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
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    • 19
    • ]. 

    2. Raphanus sativus L., Sp. Pl. 669 (1753). Lectotipo (designado por Jonsell, 1982): Herb. Linn. 846.1 (LINN!). Ilustr.: Maire, Fl. Afrique N. 12: 331, t. 116 (1965). N.v.: Rábano.

    Por I.A. Al-Shehbaz y S. Fuentes-Soriano.

    Hierbas anuales o bianuales, glabras, escabrosas o híspidas. Raíces frecuentemente carnosas. Tallos 10-130 cm, simples o ramificados. Hojas basales 2-60 × 1-20 cm, oblongas, obovadas, oblanceoladas o espatuladas, liradas o pinnatisectas, algunas veces no divididas, los márgenes dentados, los lobos laterales 1-12 en cada lado de la lámina, algunas veces ausentes, de 10 × 5 cm, oblongos u ovados; pecíolos 1-30 cm; hojas caulinares distales subsésiles, dentadas. Pedicelos en fruto 5-40 mm. Sépalos 5.5-10 mm, glabros o esparcidamente pelosos; pétalos 12-22 × 3-8 mm, anchamente obovados, color púrpura, rosados o algunas veces blancos, el ápice obtuso o emarginado, unguiculados, la uña c. 14 mm. Frutos fusiformes o lanceolados, algunas veces ovoides o cilíndricos, el segmento basal sin semillas 1-3 mm, el segmento apical con semillas (10-)30-100(-250) × (5-)7-13(-15) mm, suberoso, redondeado en la base, cónico en el ápice, liso o rara vez escasamente constreñido entre semillas, no acostillado; estilo 10-40 mm; estigma entero; semillas 2.5-4 mm. n = 9. Floración y fructificación casi durante todo el año. Cultivos, orillas de caminos, áreas alteradas. Ch (Ton 444, GH); Y (Ucán 3892, F); G (Standley 61274, F); H (Clewell y Hazlett 3893, MO); ES (Villacorta y González 685, MO); CR (Mora 140, INB); P (D’Arcy y D’Arcy 6331, MO). 0-500 m. (Eurasia; cultivada en todo el mundo, frecuentemente naturalizada.)

    Las raíces y hojas son cultivadas como vegetales en todo el mundo.

  • Provided by: [J].Flora Mesoamericana
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    "With more thickened taproot, pink-purple to white pet, and spongy fr not constricted between the seeds, the lower member usually obsolete, occasionally escapes from cult. but apparently does not long persist."

  • Provided by: [C].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 21
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    Morphology

    Flowers white or purplish.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 16
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    Annual or biennial herb with a tuberous white, pink or red tap-root and erect, bristly stem up to 100 cm. tall.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 16
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    Fruit inflated, up to 15 mm. in diam., not or little constricted between the seeds and not breaking transversely into joints, beak long and conical.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 16
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    Like R. raphanistrum but usually biennial with thickened napiform to cylindrical taproot and with thicker siliquae (7–15 mm. in diameter) of ± spongy to corky consistency, not lomentaceous and not or only slightly constricted between the 1–12 seeds.

  • Provided by: [I].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 17
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    Ähnlich wie R. raphanistrum, aber bis 100 cm hoch, Kronblätter lila oder weiss mit violetten Adern, reife Früchte schwammig aufgetrieben, 8–14 mm dick, 8–18samig, zwischen den Samen nur undeutlich eingeschnürt, als ganze abfall

  • Provided by: [E].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 22
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    Ecology

    5–8. Äcker, Schuttplätze, kultiviert und verwildert, kollin-subalpin. CH.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
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    • 22
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    Distribution Map

     
    • Introduced distribution
    Introduced into
    • Southern America Brazil Paraní
    • Rio Grande do Sul
    • Santa Catarina
    • Espirito Santo
    • Minas Gerais
    • Rio de Janeiro
    • São Paulo

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Garten-RettichGermanCH
    Ravanello comune, Radice, RamolaccioItalianCH
    Cultivated radish
    Radis cultivéFrenchCH

      Bibliography

     Information From

    Brassicaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • C Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • D Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    http://www.flora-helvetica.ch
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz, Konrad Lauber, Gerhart Wagner, Andreas Gygax. Haupt Verlag 2018.
    • E All Rights Reserved
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • F
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • G Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • H Flora of North America Association
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • I
    Flora Mesoamericana
    http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • J Missouri Botanical Garden