Vitis vinifera L.
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 202. 1753 [1 May 1753]
  • Wine grape, grape of commerce

Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2022): Vitis vinifera L. Published on the Internet; Accessed on: 28 Nov 2022'

General Information

Branchlets terete, with longitudinal ridges, glabrous or sparsely pilose; tendrils bifurcate. Leaves simple, conspicuously 3-5-lobed or cleft; stipules caducous; petiole 4-9 cm, nearly glabrous; leaf blade oval, 7-18 × 6-16 cm, basal veins 5, lateral veins 4 or 5 pairs, veinlets inconspicuously raised, base deeply cordate, notch rounded, 2 sides usually overlapping to nearly so, margin 22-27-toothed on each side, teeth large, irregular, and sharp, glabrous or sparsely pilose, apex of midlobes acute. Panicle sparse or dense, opposite to leaves, basal branches well developed, 10-20 cm; peduncle 2-4 cm, glabrous or with sparse arachnoid tomentum. Pedicel 1.5-2.5 mm, glabrous. Buds obovoid, 2-3 mm, apex rounded. Calyx glabrous, undulate. Filaments filiform, 0.6-1 mm; anthers yellow, oval, 0.4-0.8 mm. Pistil entirely abortive in male flowers; ovary oval; style short; stigma expanded. Berry globose or elliptic, 1.5-2 cm in diam. Seeds obovoid to obelliptic, apex subrounded, chalazal knot elliptic, raphe slightly raised, ventral holes broadly furrowed upward ca. 1/4 from base. Fl. Apr-May, fr. Aug-Sep. 2n = 38*.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora of China @
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Plants sprawling to moderately high climbing, sparsely branched. Branches: bark exfoliating in shreds or plates; nodal diaphragms 3–5 mm thick; branchlets terete to slightly angled, pubescent, sometimes glabrescent, growing tips not enveloped by unfolding leaves; tendrils along length of branchlets, persistent, tendrils (or inflorescences) at only 2 consecutive nodes; nodes not red-banded. Leaves: stipules usually more than 3.5 mm; petiole ± equaling blade; blade cordate-ovate to cordate-orbiculate, 12–20 cm, usually 3-shouldered to 3–5-lobed, sometimes deeply so, apex acute to short acuminate, abaxial surface not glaucous, sparsely pubescent to glabrate, visible through hairs, adaxial surface usually glabrous. Inflorescences 10–20 cm. Flowers bisexual. Berries usually reddish purple to nearly black, sometimes yellow-green, ± glaucous, oblong to ellipsoid, 8–25 mm diam., skin adhering to pulp; lenticels absent. 2n = 38, 76.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora of North America @
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Vitis vinifera L., Sp. Pl. 202. 1753.

    Bejucos; tallos jóvenes escasamente flocosos, tricomas persistentes, zarcillos opuestos a las hojas, 1 vez ramificados. Hojas profundamente 3 ó 5-lobadas, 4–15 cm de largo y 4–17 cm de ancho, ápice agudo a acuminado, base auriculada, cartáceas, frecuentemente flocosas tornándose glabras en el envés; pecíolos 2–13 cm de largo, estípulas irregulares, 1–2 mm de largo, ápice obtuso, laciniado. Eje principal de la inflorescencia 3–16 cm de largo, flores verdes a rojizas. Fruto elipsoide, 8–20 mm de largo y 7–12 mm de ancho, rojo obscuro o verde; semillas 2–4, elipsoide-irregulares, 3–4 mm de largo.

    Cultivada; fl jul; Rueda 14085; ampliamente cultivada en todo el mundo especialmente en climas con lluvias invernales moderadas.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    A large shrub, main stem stout, reaching a girth of 1.5 m. Leaves orbicular, cordate, pentagonal or dissected, 10.5-20 x 7-15 cm, serrate or irregularly dentate, acuminate, cordate, glabrous or glabrescent above, sparsely grey tomentose beneath and glabrescent membranous; petiole 4-10 cm long. Peduncle 4-5 cm long, often bearing unbranched tendril. Flower bisexual or functionally pistillate with shorter sterile stamens, greenish in colour, c. 1.5 x 1 mm; pedicel c. 2 mm long, wiry, elongated and thickened in fruit. Calyx minute, cupular. Petals 5, c. 1.5 mm long, ± lanceolate. Disc with 5 hypogynous glands, adnate to the base of ovary. Berry variable in size, shape and colour, 6-22 mm long, purple, black-violet, red, pinkish or greenish, 2-4 seeded, with juicy sweet or sour pulp. Seed pyriform or ovoid, 5-6 mm long, beaked.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora of Pakistan
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 


    Bis 30 m hoch kletternder Strauch mit blattgegenständigen Ranken, diese ohne Haftscheiben. Blätter im Umriss rundlich, ± tief radiär 3- oder 5teilig, Durchmesser 5–15 cm. Blütenstand eine längliche Rispe. Blüten alle zwittrig, gelbgrün, mit

  • Provided by: [A].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 


    6. In Weinbaugebieten aus Kultur verwildert, kollin. CH (fehlt im Engadin).

  • Provided by: [A].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

    • Introduced distribution
    Introduced into
    • Europe Middle Europe Hungary

    Other Local Names

    Wine grape, grape of commerce
    Europäische WeinrebeGermanCH
    Vite comuneItalianCH

     Information From

    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz, Konrad Lauber, Gerhart Wagner, Andreas Gygax. Haupt Verlag 2018.
    • A All Rights Reserved
    Flora of Pakistan
    Flora of Pakistan. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2020.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of North America @
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • C Flora of North America Association
    Flora de Nicaragua
    W. D. Stevens, C. Ulloa Ulloa, A. Pool & O. M. Montiel. 2001–. Flora de Nicaragua, Tropicos Project. Loaded from Tropicos Project: October 2017
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of China @
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Dendroflora of Hungary
    • F Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
    • G
    World Flora Online Data. 2021.
    • H CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online Data. 2021.
    • I CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online Consortium
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • J CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).