Vaccinium vitis-idaea L.
  • Sp. Pl.
  • Bódhearc


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Vaccinium vitis-idaea L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000421966. Accessed on: 21 Sep 2021'

General Information

Shrubs dwarf, evergreen, 10–30 cm tall, erect or prostrate basally, rhizomatous. Twigs ?terete, pubescent; bud scales inconspicuous. Leaves dense; petiole ca. 1 mm, puberulous; leaf blade elliptic or obovate, 0.7–2 cm × 4–8 mm, leathery, abaxially with appressed glandular hairs, adaxially glabrous or puberulous on midvein, secondary veins 5 or 6 pairs, fine veins inconspicuous on both surfaces, base broadly cuneate, margin revolute, undulate-crenate, apex rounded, mucronulate, or retuse. Inflorescences terminal, racemose, 1–1.5 cm, puberulous, 2–8-flowered; bracts caducous, broadly ovate, ca. 3 mm. Pedicel ca. 1 mm, puberulous; bracteoles ± median. Flowers 4-merous. Hypanthium glabrous; calyx lobes broadly triangular, ca. 1 mm. Corolla white or pink, campanulate, ca. 5 mm; lobes erect, triangular-ovate, 2–2.5 mm. Filaments ca. 0.5 mm, puberulous; anthers ca. 1.5 mm, without spurs; tubules ca. as long as thecae. Berry 4-loculed, purplish red, 5–10 mm in diam., acidic or slightly bitter. Fl. Jun–Jul, fr. Aug–Sep. 2n = 24*.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Plants densely colonial, frequently mat-forming; twigs of previous year green, terete, puberulent, not verrucose. Leaf blades pale and glandular abaxially, bright green adaxially, elliptic to obovate, 5-18 × 3-9 mm, glaucous-coriaceous, margins entire, slightly revolute. Pedicels 4-6 mm. Flowers: corolla pinkish white, 3-5 mm; filaments puberulent. Berries red, 8-10 mm diam. 2n = 24.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    "Diffusely branched or prostrate shrub to 2 dm; lvs leathery, evergreen, subsessile, elliptic to obovate-oblong, 8–18 mm, rounded at both ends, sparsely dotted with erect black glands beneath; fls few in small terminal clusters, each on a short, glandular pedicel axillary to a bud-scale; sep glandular-ciliate; cor campanulate, 5–7 mm, 4-lobed nearly to the middle; stamens 8, included; fr red, edible, nearly 1 cm; 2n=24. In bogs and on rocks; boreal N. Amer. and Eurasia, s. to the higher mts. of N. Engl., the shore of Me., and to Minn. and B.C. (Vitis-idaea vitis-idaea; Vitis-idaea punctata)"

  • Provided by: [C].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    5–30 cm hohes Sträuchlein. Blätter immergrün, derb, oval, 1–3 cm lang, ganzrandig oder fein gezähnt, mit verdicktem, nach unten gebogenem Rand, oberseits dunkelgrün glänzend, unterseits heller, drüsig punktiert (Unterschied zu Arct

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Ecology

    5–6. Bergwälder, Heiden, Moore, (kollin-)montan-subalpin. CH, im M seltener.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

     
    • Native distribution
    Found in
    • Europe Northern Europe Ireland

    Nationally Preferred Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    BódhearcIrishIE
    CowberryEnglishIE

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Lingonberry, partridgeberry, foxberry, airelle vigne-d’Ida
    Red whortleberryEnglishIE
    GiglidraRaeto-RomanceCH
    Mirtillo rossoItalianCH
    Airelle rougeFrenchCH
    PreiselbeereGermanCH
    BraighleogIrishIE
    Bó-dhearcIrishIE

      Bibliography

     Information From

    Ericaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    http://www.flora-helvetica.ch
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz, Konrad Lauber, Gerhart Wagner, Andreas Gygax. Haupt Verlag 2018.
    • B All Rights Reserved
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • C Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • D Flora of North America Association
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Irish Vernacular Names
    https://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/plant-science/plant-science/research-staff/article/380/wyse-jackson-peter-s.aspx
    • F All Rights Reserved
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).