Vaccinium myrtillus L.
  • Sp. Pl.
  • Bilberry


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Vaccinium myrtillus L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000422209. Accessed on: 26 Sep 2021'

General Information

Shrubs deciduous, dwarf, 15–30(–60) cm tall, much branched, rhizomatous. Twigs acutely angled; bud scales inconspicuous. Leaves scattered; petiole ca. 1 mm; leaf blade ovate or elliptic, 1–3 × 0.6–1.6 cm, papery, secondary veins 6 or 7 pairs, fine veins raised abaxially, inconspicuous adaxially, base broadly cuneate to rounded, margin plane, serrulate, apex acute to obtuse. Flowers solitary, axillary, pendulous, 1–3 at base of shoot. Pedicel 2.5–3.5 mm; bracteoles absent. Flowers 4- or 5-merous. Hypanthium ca. 4 mm, scarcely lobed. Corolla pale green, tinged with pink, globose-urceolate, 4–6 mm; lobes reflexed. Filaments ca. 1.5 mm, glabrous; anthers 2.2–2.5 mm, thecae with 2 subulate spurs, tubules shorter than thecae. Berry 4- or 5-loculed, bluish black, with a bloom, 6–10 mm in diam. Fl. Jun, fr. Sep. 2n = 24.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Plants forming open colonies, 0.5-12 dm, rhizomatous; twigs green, conspicuously 3-angled, glabrous or minutely puberulent along grooves. Leaf blades bright green, broadly elliptic or ovate, 19-27 × 7-11 mm, margins sharply serrate, surfaces laxly glandular abaxially. Flowers: calyx green, lobes ± recurved (or absent and margins of tube sinuate), deltate, 0.4-0.6 mm, glabrous; corolla pink, cream, or greenish white, globose, 3-5 × 5-7 mm, thin, glaucous; filaments glabrous. Berries purple-black or bluish black, rarely reddish or red, 7-9 mm diam. Seeds ca. 1 mm. 2n = 24, 48.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Bis 50 cm hohes Sträuchlein. Junge Zweige grün, mit geflügelten Kanten. Blätter sommergrün, eilanzettlich, 1–3 cm lang, mit flachem, fein gezähntem Rand, unterseits heller grün, kahl. Blüten einzeln in den Blattwinkeln. Krone kugelig, grünli

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Ecology

      4–6. Wälder, Heiden, Moore, kollin-alpin. CH.

    • Provided by: [B].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
      • Source: [
      • 3
      • ]. 

      Literature

      SELECTED REFERENCES Albert, T., O. Raspe, and A. L. Jacquemart. 2003. Clonal structure in Vaccinium myrtillus L. revealed by RAPD and AFLP markers. Int. J. Pl. Sci. 164: 649-655. Upton, R., ed. 2001. Bilberry Fruit: Vaccinium myrtillus L. Standards of Analysis, Quality Control, and Therapeutics. Santa Cruz.

    • Provided by: [D].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
      • Source: [
      • 2
      • ]. 

      Distribution Map

       
      • Native distribution
      Found in
      • Europe Northern Europe Ireland

      Nationally Preferred Names

      NameLanguageCountry
      BilberryEnglishIE
      FraochánIrishIE

      Other Local Names

      NameLanguageCountry
      Cran-fraocháinIrishIE
      BroileógIrishIE
      Lusradh na geire boirnigheIrishIE
      Lusradh na bhfraochánIrishIE
      Dearc fraoighIrishIE
      Lus na gorm dheargIrishIE
      Mirtillo neroItalianCH
      HuckleberryEnglishIE
      WhortsEnglishIE
      Black-whortsEnglishIE
      FraochógIrishIE
      HeatherberryEnglishIE
      BogberryEnglishIE
      WhinberryEnglishIE
      MulberryEnglishIE
      Izun nair, Izun da guaudRaeto-RomanceCH
      CoraseenaEnglishIE
      MyrtilleFrenchCH
      BreileogIrishIE
      BlaeberryEnglishIE
      Whortleberry
      HeidelbeereGermanCH
      MónadánIrishIE
      BlueberryEnglishIE
      MónógIrishIE
      WhortleberryEnglishIE
      Fraughan (Frauchan)EnglishIE
      FrochanEnglishIE
      FrockenEnglishIE

       Information From

      Ericaceae
      World Flora Online Data. 2017.
      • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
      Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
      http://www.flora-helvetica.ch
      Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz, Konrad Lauber, Gerhart Wagner, Andreas Gygax. Haupt Verlag 2018.
      • B All Rights Reserved
      Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
      http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
      'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
      • C Missouri Botanical Garden
      Flora of North America @ efloras.org
      http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
      'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
      • D Flora of North America Association
      Irish Vernacular Names
      https://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/plant-science/plant-science/research-staff/article/380/wyse-jackson-peter-s.aspx
      • E All Rights Reserved
      World Flora Online consortium
      http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
      World Flora Online Data. 2018.
      • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).