Viola palustris L.
  • Sp. Pl.
  • Northern marsh or marsh or swamp or alpine marsh violet, violette des marais

Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Viola palustris L. Published on the Internet; Accessed on: 28 Oct 2020'

General Information

Plants perennial, acaulescent, stoloniferous, 3–21.5 cm; stolons pale, often rooting and leafy at nodes; rhizome slender, fleshy. Leaves basal, 2–4, ascending to erect; stipules linear-lanceolate, margins entire, apex acute; petiole 1–17 cm, glabrous; blade unlobed, reniform or ovate to orbiculate, 0.5–6.4 × 0.5–5.5 cm, ± as long as wide, base cordate, margins crenulate, eciliate, apex obtuse to acuminate, surfaces glabrous. Peduncles 2–20.7 cm, glabrous, bracteoles usually below middle in chasmogamous flowers. Flowers: sepals ovate or lanceolate, margins eciliate, auricles 1–2 mm; petals lilac, pale blue, or pale violet on both surfaces, sometimes nearly white and tinged with lilac, lowest and sometimes lateral 2 dark violet-veined, lateral 2 bearded or beardless, lowest 8–16 mm, spur usually same color as petals, gibbous, 1–3 mm; style head beardless cleistogamous flowers on ascending peduncles. Capsules ellipsoid, 6–10 mm, glabrous. Seeds dark brown, 1–2 mm. 2n = 48.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora of North America @
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    "Delicate, glabrous plants from a long, slender rhizome, also stoloniferous; lvs thin, 2.5–3.5 cm wide, orbicular to reniform, crenulate, cordate or subcordate at base, the basal sinus wider than in no. 11 [Viola selkirkii Pursh]; fls 1.5 cm wide; pet pale lilac or lavender (or nearly white) with purple veins, the lateral ones sparsely bearded, the spur 2 mm; style dilated upwards in a vertical plane, with a conic beak on the lower side, the stigma within the tip of the beak, as in the next 6 spp.; frs 5–6 mm, green, ellipsoid; seeds buff; 2n=24, 48. Wet or moist places; circumboreal, in Amer. from Lab. to Alas., s. to the alpine regions of Me. and N.H., Manitou Isl., Mich., and in the West to Colo. and Calif. June–Aug. (V. epipsila, the diploid, including the Michigan plants)"

  • Provided by: [A].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Other Local Names

    Northern marsh or marsh or swamp or alpine marsh violet, violette des marais


     Information From

    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • A Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Flora of North America @
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • B Flora of North America Association
    International Union for Conservation of Nature
    IUCN 2016. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-2
    • C All Rights Reserved
    International Union for Conservation of Nature v.3
    IUCN 2019. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2019-1.
    • D See IUCN Terms and conditions of use
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).