Viola lanceolata L.
  • Sp. Pl.
  • Lance-leaved or bog white violet, violette lancéolée

Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Viola lanceolata L. Published on the Internet; Accessed on: 28 Oct 2020'

General Information

Plants perennial, acaulescent, stoloniferous, 5–30 cm; stolons pale, often rooting and leafy at nodes; rhizome slender, fleshy. Leaves basal, 2–6(–9), ascending to erect; stipules linear-lanceolate, margins entire or irregularly lacerate (at least distally), apex acute; petiole 2–12 cm, glabrous or pubescent; blade unlobed, lanceolate or narrowly elliptic to nearly linear, 2.5–12 × 0.7–2.5 cm, longer than wide, base attenuate, margins serrate, mostly eciliate, apex acute, mucronulate, surfaces glabrous. Peduncles 2–17 cm, usually pubescent. Flowers: sepals ovate to lanceolate, margins mostly eciliate, auricles 1–2 mm; petals white on both surfaces, lowest and sometimes lateral 2 purple-veined, lateral 2 sparsely bearded or beardless, lowest 7–12 mm, spur white, gibbous, 1–2 mm; style head beardless; cleistogamous flowers on prostrate to ascending peduncles. Capsules ellipsoid, 5–8 mm, glabrous. Seeds beige to bronze, 1.5–2.5 mm. 2n = 24.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora of North America @
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    "Acaulescent, glabrous or somewhat hairy, with slender creeping rhizomes, and in summer producing many creeping stolons with cleistogamous fls; lvs narrow, mostly more than 3 times as long as wide, tapering to the base, crenulate to serrate; pet white, the 2 upper linear- oblong or broadly oblong to obovate, the 3 lower with brown-purple veins near the base, all beardless; cleistogamous fls on erect peduncles; frs green, ellipsoid, 5–8 mm; seeds brown; 2n=24. Wet, open places, often along streams and ponds, especially in sandy soil; Me. and N.B. to Fla., w. to w. Ont., Minn., e. Okla., and e. Tex. Apr.–June. Two vars.: Var. lanceolata, with lanceolate lvs mostly 3.5–6 times as long as wide, is chiefly northern, and widespread in our range. Var. vittata (Greene) Weath. & Griscom, with narrower lvs mostly 6–16 times as long as wide, is more southern, occurring chiefly on the coastal plain from Va. to Fla. and Tex., with a disjunct area at the s. end of Lake Michigan. (V. vittata)"

  • Provided by: [A].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Other Local Names

    Lance-leaved or bog white violet, violette lancéolée


     Information From

    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • A Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Flora of North America @
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • B Flora of North America Association
    International Union for Conservation of Nature v.3
    IUCN 2019. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2019-1.
    • C See IUCN Terms and conditions of use
    International Union for Conservation of Nature
    IUCN 2016. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-2
    • D All Rights Reserved
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).