Herbs annual, biennial, or perennial, 10-40 cm tall. Stems erect or slightly oblique, slightly robust, angled, simple or numerously branched. Basal leaf blade narrowly ovate or lanceolate, long petiolate; stipules large, leaflike, deeply pinnatifid, 1-4 cm; petioles of upper leaves longer, those of lower leaves shorter; cauline leaf blade ovate, oblong-orbicular, or oblong-lanceolate, base rounded, margin remotely crenate, apex rounded or obtuse. Flowers solitary in leaf axils, usually 3-colored (purple, white, and yellow), large, 3.5-6 cm in diam., with 3-10 flowers per stem; pedicels slightly robust, 2-bracteolate at upper part; bracteoles opposite, ovate-triangular, very small. Sepals green, oblong-lanceolate, 1.2-2.2 cm × 3-5 mm, margin narrowly membranous, apex acute, basal auricles developed, 3-6 mm, margin irregular. Corolla flat; upper petals deep purple-violet, lateral petals and anterior one 3-colored, purple-striate, lateral ones inside densely barbate at base; spur of anterior petal smaller, 5-8 mm. Ovary glabrous; styles short, base conspicuously geniculate; stigmas enlarged, globose, with a large stigma hole in front. Capsule ellipsoid, 8-12 mm, glabrous. Fl. Apr-Jul, fr. May-Aug. 2n = 26.
"Glabrous or hairy annual or short-lived perennial to 3 dm, often branched from the base; lvs all crenate, the lowest ones orbicular or cordate, the upper oblong to elliptic and basally cuneate; stipules foliaceous, laciniate to lyrate-pinnatifid, the middle lobe oblanceolate, distinctly toothed; internodes usually shorter than the lvs; fls 1.5–2.5 cm wide, the sep two-thirds as long as the pet; pet variously colored, the upper usually darker than the lower; style as in no. 27 [Viola rafinesquii Greene]; cleistogamous fls wanting; frs ellipsoid or oblong-ellipsoid, 6–10 mm; seeds dark brown; 2n=26. Native of Europe, extensively cult. and casually escaped in our range."
Annual, biennial or perennial, glabrous-short retrorse hairy, upto 80 cm high herb. Stem erect, branched from base. Leaves ovate-spathulate, cordate, obtuse, crenate; stipules pinnatipartite, lanceolate, crenate, foliaceous. Flowers multi-coloured or a mixture of yellow, blue, purple and violet. Sepals lanceolate. Petals distinctly exceeding the sepals; spur 5-8 mm long, considerably straight, obtuse.
Erect annual, biennial or perennial herb, up to 300 mm tall. Lower leaves cordate to ovate, obtuse, crenate, upper leaves ovate to lanceolate, cuneate at base, crenate. Stipules deeply and pinnately lobed, terminal segment larger than the others, lanceolate, entire or crenate, leaf-like. Corolla exceeding calyx. Spur 3.0-6.5 mm, up to twice as long as calycine appendages. Flowers violet, yellow or parti-coloured.
|Johnny-jump-up, pansy, wild pansy, heart's ease, ladies delight, violette tricolore|