Viscum combreticola Engl.
  • Bot. Jahrb. Syst.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Viscum combreticola Engl. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000425052. Accessed on: 06 Jul 2020'

Diagnostic Description

A well defined species, but similar to V. anceps vegetatively. Harvey united these two species under V. dichotomum, an Asian species, which they both resemble superficially.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 14
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    Morphology

    Fig. 5/8.

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    Bracteal cups and flowers of both sexes sessile.

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    • 9
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    Leafless dioecious shrubs of relatively large size, with stems up to 1–2 m. long, usually pendulous with age, often yellowish green; internodes of distal branches 20–35 mm. long, 4–6 mm. wide, flattened and strongly ribbed, rounded with age.

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    • 9
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    Pistillate flowers borne singly.

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    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Staminate flowers in triads (occasionally dyads), sessile, solitary in the axils of scale-leaves of younger branches, but often in fascicles of 4–8 on older stems.

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    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Style indistinct at maturity; stigma rounded, emerging directly from the slightly elevated summit of the ovary.

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    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Berries sessile, rotund-ellipsoid, 6–7 mm. high, apex truncated, tuberculate when young, but nearly smooth at maturity, orange; tepalar ring-scar not strongly differentiated, 4–5 mm. in diameter.

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    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Ring scar left by perianth not strongly differentiated, 4–5 mm in diameter.

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    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Berries sessile, orange, 6–7 mm high, rotund-ellipsoid, tuberculate when young, but nearly smooth at maturity, apex truncated.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Bracteal cups and flowers of both sexes sessile.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Staminate flowers in triads (occasionally dyads), sessile, solitary in the axils of scale leaves of younger branches, but often in fascicles of 4–8 on older stems.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Pistillate flowers borne singly.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Style indistinct at maturity; stigma rounded, emerging directly from the slightly elevated summit of the ovary.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Leafless, dioecious, shrubs of relatively large size, 1–3 m in extent, usually pendulous with age, often yellowish-green; internodes of distal branches 20–35 × 4–6 mm, flattened and strongly ribbed, rounded with age.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Leafless, dioecious shrub, up to 2 m high, parasitic primarily on species of Combretum. Stems flattened, especially when young, older stems becoming rounded. Internodes mostly 30-35 x 4-6 mm. Berries sessile, ellipsoid, warty when young. Flowers yellowish green.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 12
    • ]. 

    Leafless, dioecious shrub, up to 2 m high; parasitic primarily on species of Combretum. Stems flattened, especially when young, older stems becoming rounded; internodes mostly 30-35 x 4-6 mm. Flowers: yellowish green; Jul.-Jun. Fruit sessile, ellipsoid, warty when young.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 13
    • ]. 

    Leafless, dioecious shrubs of relatively large size, 1-2 m high, often becoming pendulous with age, typically yellowish green; younger branches strongly flattened and ribbed; older branches rounded; basal inter-nodes of younger branches (20-)30-35(-40) x 4-6 mm. Staminate flowers in dichasia (occasionally 2-flowered), solitary in axils of scale leaves on younger branches, often in fascicles of 4-8 on older stems. Pistillate flowers solitary in the bracteal cups, borne singly in axils of scale leaves of younger branches, bracteal cups rounded and bilobed. Berries ellipsoid, 6-7 mm long, sessile, warty when young but nearly smooth and orange at maturity, apex truncated; style persistent. Flowering inconsistent, but possibly mostly from February-May, and perhaps scattered throughout the year.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 14
    • ]. 

    Habitat

    Mixed bushveld and open woodland.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 12
    • ]. 

    Vredefort Dome Savanna. Mixed bushveld and open woodland.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 13
    • ]. 

    Parasitic on species of Acacia, Combretum, Croton, Diplorhynchus, Dombeya, Heteropyxis, May-tenus, Melia, Strychnos, Terminalia and Vangueria, but primarily on Combretum spp.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 14
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    In Transvaal and northern Orange Free State; also in Rhodesia.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 14
    • ]. 

      Bibliography

     Information From

    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • A All Rights Reserved
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • B
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • C
    Santalaceae
    • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).