Herbs annual or biennial, 5-50 cm tall. Stems erect to ascending, simple or with ascending branches from base, very sparsely puberulous. Stipules 2-40 mm, pinnatipartite, terminal segments largest, often leaflike, lateral ones linear to narrowly lanceolate; leaf blade 0.5-6.5 × 0.2-2.2 cm, sparsely puberulous, especially so along margin and along veins abaxially, margin crenate or serrate; lower leaves ovate or orbicular-ovate, base rounded, petioles equaling or exceeding blades; middle leaves oblong-ovate or oblong-elliptic, base cuneate, decurrent into a short petiole; upper leaves oblong-lanceolate, with indistinct petioles. Flowers few to numerous; pedicels 2.5-11 cm, glabrous, 2-bracteolate; bracteoles lanceolate. Sepals oblong-lanceolate, 4-15 mm, apex acute; basal auricles 1-4 mm, irregularly toothed. Corolla funnelform; petals yellow or ivory, obviously shorter than or nearly equaling sepals, 6-14 mm, upper ones pale, anterior one including spur 5.5-14 mm; spur 1-4 mm, not exceeding appendages, straight. Capsule 6-10 mm. Seeds oblong-ovoid, 1.5-1.8 mm. Fl. Apr-Sep, fr. Jun-Sep. 2n = 34.
Plants annual, caulescent, not stoloniferous, 5–35 cm. Stems 1–5, usually erect, sometimes prostrate or decumbent, branched, subglabrous or puberulent, clustered on taproot. Leaves cauline; stipules palmately lobed, middle lobe oblanceolate, obovate, elliptic, or lanceolate, ± equaling leaf blade, proximal lobes dissected, shorter, margins ciliate, apex acute to obtuse; petiole 0.5–2.3 cm, glabrous or puberulent; blade: proximal ovate to ± oblong, distal narrowly or broadly lanceolate, 0.8–3.4 × 0.3–1.9 cm, base attenuate to ± truncate, margins coarsely crenate-serrate, ciliate or eciliate, apex acute to obtuse, surfaces pubescent abaxially, at least on major veins, glabrous adaxially. Peduncles 2–8 cm, glabrous or pubescent. Flowers: sepals lanceolate, margins ciliate or eciliate, auricles 2–4 mm; petals white to pale yellow on both surfaces, upper 2 ± violet, lower 3 with yellow basal area, often violet-veined, lateral 2 bearded, ± equaling or shorter than sepals, lowest with dark yellow area basally, 7–15 mm, spur blue-violet to purple, elongated, 3–5 mm; style head bearded; cleistogamous flowers absent. Capsules ± spherical, 5–9 mm, glabrous. Seeds brown, 1.5–1.9 mm. 2n = 34.
"Pubescent to glabrate annual to 30 cm, often branched from the base, the stem relatively robust, with short, reflexed hairs on the angles; lvs variable, the lowest orbicular to ovate, the upper oblong to elliptic or narrowly elliptic, all crenate; stipules foliaceous, laciniate into 5–9 slender segments and usually 1 lf-like segment often nearly as large as the main blade; fls 1–1.5 cm long, scarcely 1 cm wide; pet shorter than or barely equaling the broadly lanceolate sep, all pale yellow (“ivory”) or occasionally with purplish tips; spur short; style as in no. 27 [Viola rafinesquii Greene]; cleistogamous fls wanting; frs globose to ellipsoid, 5–10 mm; seeds brown; 2n=34. Native of Europe, now established as a weed in or near fields or along roadsides throughout our range and s. and w. Apr.–Sept."
10–20 cm hoch, unten meist verzweigt. Mittlere Stängelblätter (ohne Stiel) meist länger als 1 cm, beiderseits mit je 4–5 Kerben. Nebenblätter aufrecht, ihr Endabschnitt stark vergrössert und gekerbt, den Laubblättern ähnlich. Unterstes Kronblatt mit de
|Field or wild pansy, European field pansy, violette des champs|
|Pensée des champs||French||CH|