Valeriana officinalis L.
  • Sp. Pl.
  • Caorthann corraigh

Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2022): Valeriana officinalis L. Published on the Internet; Accessed on: 20 Jan 2022'

General Information

Plants up to 150 cm tall, infrequently stoloniferous. Rhizomes reduced; roots fascicled, clavate, 1.5-2.5 mm in diam. Stems hirsute or hispidulous, particularly at nodes, rarely glabrous. Basal and lowermost cauline leaves usually wilted at anthesis; cauline leaves petiolate to sessile; petiole 0-8 cm; blade ovate to broadly ovate, 5-15 × 3-8 cm, pinnatisect; segments 7-15, lanceolate or linear, glabrous or ± hispidulous, base decurrent, margin entire or coarsely serrate; terminal and lateral segments similar in shape and size. Inflorescence corymbiform, large and compact even in fruit, or with 2 distinct, secondary lateral inflorescences; bracts leaflike below, small and linear-lanceolate otherwise; bracteoles elliptic-oblong, oblanceolate, or linear-lanceolate, margin scarious-ciliate, apex awned. Corolla purplish red, pink, or white, funnelform, 4-6 mm; lobes elliptic. Stamens and style strongly exserted. Achenes narrowly ovoid, 4-5 mm, both sides glabrous or pubescent. Fl. May-Jul, fr. Jun-Oct. 2n = 14, 28, 42, 56.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora of China @
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    "Fibrous-rooted perennial 5–15 dm from a short rhizome; stems hairy at least at the nodes; basal and cauline lvs similar, pinnately divided into 11–21 lanceolate, dentate segments; petioles of the upper lvs progressively shorter; infl large and open, the lower branches often remote from the upper; cor obconic, the tube 4 mm, the lobes 1 mm; fr lance-oblong, 3–5 mm, glabrous; 2n=14, 28, 56. Native of Eurasia, escaped from cult. here and there in our range. May–Aug."

  • Provided by: [D].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 


    60–160 cm hoch, ohne oberirdische Ausläufer. Stängel meist kahl, mit 6–13 Blattpaaren. Blätter unterseits schwach anliegend behaart. Mittlere Stängelblätter mit 5–9 Fiederpaaren, Endteilblatt höchstens so breit wie die seitlichen Teilblätter, di

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 


    In wärmeren Lagen, kollin-montan. Verbreitet.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

    • Native distribution
    Found in
    • Europe Northern Europe Ireland

    Nationally Preferred Names

    Caorthann corraighIrishIE
    Common valerianEnglishIE

    Other Local Names

    Valériane officinaleFrenchCH
    Gewöhnlicher Arznei-BaldrianGermanCH
    Lus na dtrí mballánIrishIE
    Lus na dtrí mbilleIrishIE
    Maid’s conceitEnglishIE
    Carthan curaighIrishIE
    Wild valerianEnglishIE


     Information From

    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Flora of China @
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz, Konrad Lauber, Gerhart Wagner, Andreas Gygax. Haupt Verlag 2018.
    • C All Rights Reserved
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • D Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Irish Vernacular Names
    • E All Rights Reserved
    World Flora Online consortium
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).