Widdringtonia nodiflora (L.) E.Powrie
  • J. S. African Bot.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Widdringtonia nodiflora (L.) E.Powrie. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000427762. Accessed on: 05 Aug 2020'

Morphology

Shrub or small tree, up to 9 m high. Valves of female cone smooth to wrinkled, not tubercled along margin, if warty then irregularly so; adult leaves on ultimate branchlets narrowly oblong, subtriangular in transverse section.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Monoecious shrub or tree to 10 m (to 50 m in tropics). Adult leaves scale-like, narrowly oblong, keeled, adpressed. Female cones with smooth to wrinkled valves.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Shrub or small tree up to 9 m high or, in the tropics, attaining a height of about 50 m, with stem diameter up to 2 m, crown pyramidal when young, spreading with age; bark on young trees reddish grey, thin, fibrous, flaking off annually. Leaves of two types; juvenile leaves on seedlings and young trees needle-like, spreading, 1-2 cm long and up to 2 mm broad; adult leaves scale-like, appressed, narrowly oblong, often not strictly decussate, subtriangular in transverse section, adnate at the base, free and adnate portions often equally long. Male cones mostly on short lateral branchlets; scales usually 6 pairs, decussate, coriaceous, peltate, broadly ovate with 4 pollen sacs at the base of each scale. Mature female cones consisting of usually 4 woody valves; valves smooth to wrinkled, not tubercled along margin, if warty then irregularly so. Seeds ovoid, conspicuously winged, somewhat flattened, outline including wings oblong-obovate, wing retuse at apex; seed scar about 1.5 x 2.5 mm. Cotyledonary leaves (after germination) 20-25 mm long and about 2 mm broad.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Shrub or small tree, up to 9 m high, crown pyramidal when young, spreading with age. Bark reddish grey, thin, flaking off annually. Leaves of two types with young ones needle-like, spreading, 10-20 x 2 mm, adult leaves scale-like, appressed, narrowly oblong. Cones: male cones small, 2-4 mm long, on short lateral branches, scales broadly ovate with 4 pollen sacs at base of each scale; female cones of 4 woody valves, valves smooth to wrinkled, maturing ± Mar., but cones of varying stages of development may be found throughout the year.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Habitat

    Forest, mountainous areas.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Rocky sandstone and clay slopes.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Found on mountain ranges.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Mesic Grassland. Forest, mountainous areas.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Cape Peninsula to E Cape and to S tropical Africa.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    South-eastern and eastern Cape, Natal, Transvaal, extending into southern Rhodesia, Portuguese East Africa and Malawi.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

      Bibliography

    • 1 Herman, PPJ; Retief, E. 1997. Plants of thenorthern provinces of South Africa: keys and diagnostic characters. Strelitzia 6: 1 - 681. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • 2 J. S. African Bot.
    • 3 Manning, JC; Goldblatt, P. 2012. Gymnosperms. 47 - 49. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.
    • 4 Marsh, JA. 1966. Cupressaceae. Fl. S. Africa 1: 43 - 48. BRI & Nat. Bot. Gdns, Pretoria & Cape Town.
    • 5 Retief, E; Meyer, NL. 2017. Cupressaceae. In: E Retief & NL Meyer (eds), Plants of the Free State: Inventory and identification guide. Strelitzia 38: 144 - 145. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

     Information From

    Cupressaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • B All Rights Reserved
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • C CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    International Union for Conservation of Nature
    https://www.iucn.org/
    IUCN 2016. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-2
    • D All Rights Reserved
    Global Tree Search
    https://tools.bgci.org/global_tree_search.php
    BGCI. 2018. GlobalTreeSearch online database. Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, U.K. Available at www.bgci.org. Accessed on 30/11/2018.
    • E Botanic Gardens Conservation International
    International Union for Conservation of Nature v.3
    https://www.iucnredlist.org/
    IUCN 2019. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2019-1.
    • F See IUCN Terms and conditions of use http://www.iucnredlist.org/info/terms-of-use