Ximenia caffra Sond.
  • Linnaea


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Ximenia caffra Sond. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000428236. Accessed on: 04 Apr 2020'

Morphology

Fruit an ovoid drupe, up to 3.5 cm. long and 2.5 cm. wide, orange to red; mesocarp pulpy.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
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    Seed woody, 2.5 cm. long and up to 1 cm. wide.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Petals 4(–5), 6–9 mm. long, 1.5–2 mm. wide, recurved when mature, densely pilose within.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Stamens 8; filaments 2.5–4.5 mm. long; anthers approximately the same length, up to 0.8 mm. wide.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Ovary superior, 3–4-partite at the base; style up to 1 mm. long.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Calyx 4(–5)-lobed, pubescent, small.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Flowers axillary, solitary or fasciculate, whitish-green sometimes tinged pink to red; pedicels 3–10(–14) mm. long.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Petiole 5–6 mm. long, canaliculate; leaf-blade coriaceous, elliptic to lanceolate, 2.5–8 cm. long, 1.2–4 cm. wide, obtuse or retuse at apex; midrib prominent beneath, ± impressed above; lateral veins 4–5 pairs, inconspicuous.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Trees or shrubs up to 8 m. high, armed with axillary spines; young stems glabrous to densely tomentose.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Fruit c. 2·5 × 1·8 cm., drupaceous, bright scarlet when ripe, ellipsoid, edible.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Ovary c. 3 × 1·5 mm.; style up to 1 mm. long, columnar, caducous.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Seed c. 1·5 × 1 cm.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Flowers solitary or fasciculate in the axils of the leaves; pedicels 3–7 mm. long; buds oblong-obovoid.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Leaf-lamina 2·5–8 × 1·2–4 cm., elliptic or oblong-elliptic, obtuse to retuse at the apex, coriaceous; midrib impressed above, prominent below; lateral nerves 4–5 pairs, very slightly or not at all prominent on both surfaces; petiole 5–6 mm. long, canaliculate.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Shrub or small tree up to 6 m. tall, armed with spines; young branches and leaves densely rusty-tomentose to glabrous.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Calyx 4 (5) -lobed, ± pubescent.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Stamens 8; filaments 2·5–4 mm. long; anthers 2·5–4·5 × 0·6–0·8 mm.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Petals 4 (5), 6–12 × 1·5–2·5 mm., externally pubescent or almost glabrous, densely bearded within, shortly cucullate at the apex, recurved.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Shrub or small tree up to 6 m tall, armed with spines; young branches and leaves densely rusty-tomentose to glabrous. Leaf-lamina 2.5-8 x 1.2-4 cm, elliptic or oblong-elliptic, obtuse to retuse at the apex, coriaceous; midrib impressed above, prominent below; lateral nerves 4-5 pairs, very slightly or not at all prominent on both surfaces; petiole 5-6 mm long, canaliculate. Flowers solitary or fasciculate in the axils of the leaves; pedicels 3-7 mm long; buds oblong-obovoid. Calyx 4(5)-lobed, ± pubescent. Petals 4(5), 6-12 x 1.5-2.5 mm, externally pubescent or almost glabrous, densely bearded within, shortly cucullate at the apex, recurved. Stamens 8; filaments 2.5-4 mm long; anthers 2.5-4.5 x 0.6-0.8 mm. Ovary c. 3 x 1.5 mm; style up to 1 mm long, columnar, caducous. Fruit c. 2.5 x 1.8 cm, drupaceous, bright scarlet when ripe, ellipsoid, edible. Seed c. 1.5 x 1 cm.

  • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

     Information From

    Olacaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • B
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • C
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • D All Rights Reserved
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Global Tree Assessment
    http://www.bgci.org/
    BGCI. 2018. GlobalTreeSearch online database. Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, U.K. Available at www.bgci.org. Accessed on 30/11/2018.
    • F Botanic Gardens Conservation International