Symphytum officinale L.
  • Sp. Pl.
  • Comfrey

Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Symphytum officinale L. Published on the Internet; Accessed on: 26 Sep 2021'

General Information

Herbs forming tussocks, 30-90 cm tall, arcuate hispid, short strigose. Main roots purplish brown, stout. Stems erect or ascending, branched. Basal leaves long petiolate, lorate-lanceolate to ovate, 30-60 × 10-20 cm, apex acuminate; middle and upper stem leaves sessile, smaller, base decurrent. Inflorescences many flowered. Calyx parted nearly to base; lobes lanceolate, apex acuminate. Corolla light purple, purple-red, or yellowish white, 1.4-1.5 cm; throat appendages ca. 4 mm, not exserted beyond limb; lobes triangular, apex revolute. Filaments ca. 3 mm; lower part nearly as wide as anthers; anthers ca. 3.5 mm, apex with somewhat prominent connective. Ovary usually sterile, occasionally only 1 mericarp develops in a few flowers. Nutlets black, oblique ovoid or ovoid, 3-4 mm, smooth, shiny. Fl. May-Oct. 2n = 24 + 0-4b, 26, 32-45*, 46-48, 56.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Of CHina @
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    "Taprooted perennial 3–12 dm; stem and infl hispid-hirsute with spreading or recurved, subterete hairs; lvs large, the basal petiolate, with ovate or lance-ovate blade 15–30 ×7–12 cm, the cauline gradually reduced but still ample, the upper commonly sessile; stem evidently winged by the conspicuous decurrent lf-bases; cal 5–7 mm, cleft to below the middle; cor ochroleucous or dull blue, 12–18 mm; filaments as wide as the anthers; connective projecting beyond the thecae; nutlets 5–6 mm, black, very smooth, shining; 2n=24–54. Native of Eurasia, escaped or adventive in waste places here and there in our range. June–Aug."

  • Provided by: [D].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 


    40–120 cm hoch, ästig, zerstreut bis dicht abstehend rauhaarig. Blätter lanzettlich, lang zugespitzt, bis 25 cm lang, in den geflügelten Stiel verschmälert, Flügel am Stängel bis zum nächsten Blatt herablaufend. Krone gelbweiss, purpurn oder rotviolett

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 


    5–8. Feuchte Wiesen, Gräben, Ufer, kollin-montan. CH.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Nationally Preferred Names


    Other Local Names

    Meacan an chompraidheIrishIE
    Meacan compareIrishIE
    Meacan an chompanaíIrishIE
    Lus na gcnámh mbristeIrishIE
    Consolida maggioreItalianCH
    Echte WallwurzGermanCH
    Meacan an chomparaíIrishIE
    Consoude officinaleFrenchCH
    Meacan an chompairIrishIE
    Glaisín coilleIrishIE
    Meacan dubhIrishIE
    Lus na gcnámh bristeIrishIE


     Information From

    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz, Konrad Lauber, Gerhart Wagner, Andreas Gygax. Haupt Verlag 2018.
    • B All Rights Reserved
    Flora Of CHina @
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • D Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Irish Vernacular Names
    • E All Rights Reserved
    World Flora Online consortium
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).