Sinapis arvensis L.
  • Sp. Pl.
  • Charlock, wild mustard


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Sinapis arvensis L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000432651. Accessed on: 29 May 2020'

General Information

Herbs (5-)20-100(-210) cm, retrorsely or spreading hirsute or hispid, rarely glabrous. Stems erect, often branched above. Petiole of basal and lower cauline leaves 1-4(-7) cm; leaf blade oblong, ovate, or lanceolate in outline, lyrate, pinnatifid, or undivided and dentate, (3-)4-18(-25) × 1.5-5(-7) cm; terminal lobe broadly ovate, obovate, to elliptic, margin dentate; lateral lobes 1-4 on each side of midvein, oblong, ovate, or lanceolate, smaller than terminal one, margin dentate. Upper cauline leaves shortly petiolate; leaf blade ovate or lanceolate, often undivided, margin dentate or subentire, apex acute. Fruiting pedicels ascending or suberect, stout, (2-)3-7(-15) mm. Sepals yellow or green, narrowly oblong, (4.5-)5-6(-7) × 1-1.8 mm, spreading or reflexed. Petals bright or pale yellow, obovate, (0.8-)0.9-1.2(-1.7) cm × (3-)4-6(-7.5) mm. Filaments (3-)4-6 mm; anthers oblong, 1.2-1.5 mm. Fruit linear, (1.5-)2-4.5(-5.7) cm × (1.5-)2.5-3.5(-4) mm; valvular segment (0.6-)1.2-3.5(-4.3) cm, (2-)4-8(-12)-seeded in each locule, 3-5(-7)-veined, torulose, terete, glabrous or pubescent with 1 kind of trichome; terminal segment conical or subulate, terete, (0.7-)1-1.6 cm, straight or curved upward, seedless or 1- or 2-seeded. Seeds blackish to dark brown, globose, (1-)1.5-2 mm in diam., finely reticulate. Fl. and fr. May-Sep. 2n = 18*.

  • Provided by: [J].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
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    Plants hirsute, hispid, or glabrous. Stems unbranched or branched, (0.5-)2-10(-21) dm, (often hirsute or hispid, sometimes glabrous, trichomes retrorse or spreading). Basal leaves: (proximal) petiole 1-4(-7) cm; blade obovate, oblong, or lanceolate, (3-)4-18(-25) cm × 15-50(-70) mm, margins lyrate, pinnatifid, or, sometimes, undivided; lobes 1-4 each side, margins of terminal and smaller lateral lobes coarsely toothed, (surfaces sparsely pubescent). Cauline leaves usually shortly petiolate, rarely subsessile; blade margins often not divided, coarsely toothed. Fruiting pedicels ascending or suberect, (2-)3-7 mm. Flowers: sepals (yellow or green), (4.5-)5-6(-7) × 1-1.8 mm; petals bright yellow, (8-)9-12(-17) × (3-)4-6(-7.5) mm; filaments (3-)4-6 mm; anthers 1.2-1.5 mm. Fruits linear, (1.5-)2-4.5(-5.7) cm × (1.5-)2.5-3.5 (-4) mm; valvular segment terete, (0.6-)1.2-3.5(-4.3) cm, (2-)4-8(-12)-seeded per locule; terminal segment (straight or upcurved), conical or subulate, terete, (0.7-) 1-1.6 cm, shorter than valves, seedless or 1-seeded; valves glabrous or pubescent, trichomes of 1 type. Seeds reddish brown to black, (1-)1.5-2 mm diam. 2n = 18.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
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    2. Sinapis arvensis L., Sp. Pl. 668 (1753). Lectotipo (designado por Jafri, 1973): “Habitat in agris Europae”, Herb. Linn. 845.2 (LINN). Ilustr.: Maire, Fl. Afrique N. 12: 233, t. 84 (1965).

    Por I.A. Al-Shehbaz y S. Fuentes-Soriano.

    Brassica arvensis (L.) Rabenh., B. kaber (DC.) L.C. Wheeler, B. sinapistrum Boiss., Sinapis kaber DC.

    Hierbas anuales, híspidas o rara vez glabras, con tricomas simples. Tallos (5-)20-100(-210) cm, simples o ramificados, retrorsos o patentes, hirsutos o híspidos, algunas veces glabros. Hojas (3-)4-18(-25) × 1.5-5(-7) cm, obovadas, oblongas o lanceoladas, liradas o pinnatífidas y con 1-4 lobos laterales en cada lado de la lámina, algunas veces no divididas, gruesamente dentadas, esparcidamente pelosas; pecíolo 1-4(-7) cm; hojas caulinares frecuentemente no divididas, marcadamente dentadas, cortamente pecioladas o rara vez subsésiles. Pedicelos en fruto (2-)3-7 mm, ascendentes o suberectos, robustos. Sépalos (4.5-)5-6(-7) mm, angostamente oblongos, amarillos o verdes; pétalos (8-)9-12(-17) × (3-)4-6(-7.5) mm, obovados, amarillo intenso. Frutos (15-)20-45(-57) × (1.5-)2.5-3.5(-4) mm, lineares; segmento valvar (6-)12-35(-43) mm, con (2-)4-8(-12) semillas en cada lóculo, con 3-5(-7) venas, toruloso, terete, glabro o pubescente con un tipo de tricomas, el segmento apical (7-)11-16 mm, cónico o subulado, terete, recto o curvado hacia arriba, sin semillas o con 1 semilla; semillas (1-)1.5-2 mm de diámetro, globosas, pardo-rojizas a negras, finamente reticuladas. n = 9. Sitios alterados, campos de cultivo abandonados. P (Johnston 1197, GH). Por arriba de 0 m. (Eurasia; introducida y naturalizada en América, África, Australia.)

  • Provided by: [H].Flora Mesoamericana
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    • 1
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    "Rough-hairy to subglabrous annual 2–8 dm; lvs obovate, the lower coarsely toothed or sometimes lobed, the upper progressively reduced, merely toothed; fls 1.5 cm wide; mature pedicels ascending, 5 mm; frs ascending, linear, subterete, the body 1–2 cm × 1.5–2.5 mm, smooth or rarely bristly; beak flattened-quadrangular, commonly half as long as the body; seeds 7–13, smooth, 1–1.5 mm; 2n=18. A European weed, now widespread in fields, gardens, and waste places in the U.S. May–July. (Brassica arvensis; B. kaber)"

  • Provided by: [I].New York Botanical Garden
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    Morphology

    Flowers bright yellow, pedicellate, pedicels 2–4 mm. long, in terminal racemes or panicles.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
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    Lower leaves up to 20 cm. long, stalked, lyrate, roughly hairy, upper ones sessile, lanceolate, coarsely toothed.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 2
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    Silique 20–40 x 1––3 mm. with conical beak 10–20 mm. long.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 2
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    Petals 5–12 mm. long.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 2
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    Seeds dark reddish-brown.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Annual herb up to about 80 cm. tall, with sparsely strigose stems.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Erect, branched, annual herb, up to 1 m high. Valves of fruits 3- or more-nerved. Fruits spreading, 20-40 mm long, 2.5-4.0 mm in diameter, beaked. Flowers yellow.

  • Provided by: [G].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 7
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    Erect, branched, annual herbs up to 1 m high; lower part of stem densely hispid with coarse, spreading or retrorse hairs, sparsely hispid to subglabrous in the upper part. Leaves up to 20 cm long, usually hispid at least on the lower surface of the nerves. Lower leaves petiolate, lyrate-pinnatifid, 4-6-jugate; terminal lobe obovate, obtuse, ± confluent with the upper lateral lobes, coarsely dentate; lateral lobes ± oblong, dentate. Upper leaves sessile or shortly petiolate, ovate-oblong to lanceolate, acute, serrate-dentate. Flowers yellow, the petals c. 1 cm long. Fruiting pedicels short, stout, erect-spreading. Siliquae 2.5-4 cm long (including the beak), 2.5-4 mm in diameter, ± terete; valves 3-5 nerved, glabrous or hispid; beak 1-1.5 cm long, conical-subulate, frequently 1-seeded. Seeds mostly 8-12, globose, 1-1.4 mm in diameter, reddish-brown or brown-black.

  • Provided by: [G].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Habitat

    Disturbed places.

  • Provided by: [G].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    A weed of cultivation.

  • Provided by: [G].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Native to the Mediterranean region.

  • Provided by: [G].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Originally from the Mediterranean region but now widespread throughout Europe. First recorded from South Africa in 1860.

  • Provided by: [G].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Literature

    SELECTED REFERENCE Mulligan, G. A. and L. G. Bailey. 1975. The biology of Canadian weeds. 8. Sinapis arvensis L. Canad. J. Pl. Sci. 55: 171-183.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 4
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    Distribution Map

     
    • Introduced distribution
    Introduced into
    • Southern America Brazil Paraní
    • Rio Grande do Sul
    • Santa Catarina
    • Minas Gerais
    • Rio de Janeiro
    • São Paulo
    • Brazilia Distrito Federal

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Charlock, wild mustard

     Information From

    Brassicaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • D Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • E Flora of North America Association
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • F
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • G All Rights Reserved
    Flora Mesoamericana
    http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • H Missouri Botanical Garden
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • I Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • J Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • K CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).