Sesuvium portulacastrum (L.) L.
  • Syst. Nat. ed. 10
  • capim-salgado


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Sesuvium portulacastrum (L.) L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000432992. Accessed on: 29 Oct 2020'

General Information

Herbs perennial. Stems prostrate or creeping, green or red, 20-50 cm, much branched, often rooting from nodes, with white bladder cells. Leaves linear-oblanceolate or elliptical, 1.5-5 cm × 2-10 mm, below middle attenuate, base broadened into membranous margins clasping stem. Pedicel 5-20 mm. Flowers solitary. Perigone 6-8 mm; tube ca. 2 mm; lobes 5, ovate-lanceolate, outside green, inside pink. Stamens 15-20, connate with perigone tube below middle. Ovary obovate, glabrous; stigmas 3-5. Capsule obovate, shorter than perigone. Seeds shiny black. Fl. Apr-Jul. 2n = 36, 40, ca. 48.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Plants perennial, glabrous. Stems prostrate, forming mats to 2 m diam., branched; rooting at nodes. Leaves: petiole ± absent; blade oblanceolate to elliptic-ovate, to 6 × 2.5 cm, tapered to clasping base. Inflorescences: flowers solitary; pedicel to 20 mm. Flowers: calyx lobes pink-purple adaxially, with subapical abaxial appendages, ovate to lanceolate, 3-10 mm; stamens 30; pistil 5-carpellate; ovary 5-loculed; styles 5. Capsules conic, 10 mm. Seeds 30-60, black, 1.2-1.5 mm, shiny, smooth.

  • Provided by: [H].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Sesuvium portulacastrum (L.) L., Syst. Nat., ed. 10, 1058. 1759; Portulaca portulacastrum L.

    Hierbas perennes, glabras, las ramas rastreras y frecuentemente echando raíces en los nudos, suculentas. Hojas opuestas, iguales o casi iguales en cada par, simples, lineares a elípticas o angostamente obovadas, 1.3–5 (–6) cm de largo y 0.3–0.9 (–1.5) cm de ancho, ápice agudo o subagudo, base gradualmente adelgazada hacia el pecíolo; pecíolo (1–) 3–8 mm de largo, dilatado y abrazando al tallo en la base, estípulas ausentes. Flores solitarias, axilares, pedicelo 2–11 mm de largo; tubo calicino obcónico a campanulado, (1.5–) 2.5–4.2 mm de largo, los lobos 5, imbricados, lanceolados a ovados, 3.8–5.7 (–7) mm de largo, 2–3.4 (–4.5) mm de ancho, con un apéndice en forma de cornículo 0.8–2 mm de largo en la superficie exterior justo abajo del ápice, rosados o purpúreos internamente, persistentes y algo reflexos en fruto; estaminodios ausentes, estambres numerosos, insertos en la boca del tubo del cáliz, filamentos libres o ligeramente connados, (1.5–) 2.5–4.5 mm de largo, anteras 0.55–0.75 mm de largo y 0.45–0.65 mm de ancho; ovario súpero, 3–4-locular, 2.4–3.5 mm de largo y 1.8–3 mm de ancho, numerosos óvulos en cada lóculo, placentación axial, estilos 3 ó 4, erectos o patentes, (1.5–) 2.6–4.5 mm de largo. Fruto una cápsula circuncísil, ovoide u obovoide, 6.5–11 mm de largo y 3–6 mm de ancho; semillas 40–60, reniformes, 0.9–1.2 mm de largo y 0.8–1 mm de ancho, lisas, brillantes, negras.

    Común en playas, en las costas pacífica y atlántica; 0–50 m; fl y fr todo el año; Grijalva 1004, Stevens 23051; pantropical. Un género con 5–8 especies de plantas costeras tropicales y subtropicales en ambos hemisferios.

  • Provided by: [G].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Herbaceous perennials, glabrous throughout, the branches trailing and often rooting at the nodes, sometimes rather stout. Leaves linear, elliptic or narrowly obovate, 1-5 cm. long, 0.2-1.0 cm. broad, subacute to acute at the apex, gradually tapered to the base; petiole 1-5 mm. long, dilated at the base and clasping the stem but the sheaths not connate. Inflorescence axillary, the flowers solitary, pink; pedicel 2-11 mm. long. Flowers with the perianth tube obconic to subcampanu- late, 1.5-3.0 mm. long, the lobes ovate, 4-7 mm. long, 3.0-4.5 mm. broad, some- what auriculate at the perianth tube orifice, persistent and somewhat reflexed in fruit, appendage horn-like, 1.0-1.5 mm. long; stamens numerous, inserted at the orifice of the perianth tube, free or subconnate, the filaments 1.5-3.5 mm. long, gradually tapering to the apex, the anthers oblong, 0.5-0.75 mm. long, 0.25-0.5 mm. broad; ovary ovoid to subglobose, 3.0-3.5 mm. long, 2.5-3.0 mm. in diameter, the styles 3 or 4, 1.5 3.5 mm. long spreading or erect. Capsule ovoid or obovoid, about 6.5 mm. long, 3 mm. in diameter, circumscissile below the middle; seeds 8-30, lenticular-reniform, about 1.0-1.5 mm. in diameter, the testa smooth, black.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Habit

    Herb

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Circumtropical.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

     
    • Native distribution
    Found in
    • Southern America Brazil Amazonas
    • Parí
    • Alagoas
    • Bahia
    • Ceará
    • Maranh
    • Paraába
    • Pernambuco
    • Rio Grande do Norte
    • Sergipe
    • Rio Grande do Sul
    • Santa Catarina
    • Espirito Santo
    • Minas Gerais
    • Rio de Janeiro
    • São Paulo
    • Goiás
    • Mato Grosso

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    capim-salgadoPortuguese
    Cencilla, shoreline sea-purslane
    vídrioPortuguese
    beldroega-da-praia,Portuguese
    beldroega-miúdaPortuguese
    beldro-da-praiaPortuguese

     Information From

    Aizoaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • D Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • G Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • H Flora of North America Association
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • I CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).