Salicornia europaea L.
  • Sp. Pl.
  • Common glasswort

Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Salicornia europaea L. Published on the Internet; Accessed on: 24 Oct 2021'

General Information

Herbs annual, 10-35 cm tall. Stems erect, much branched; branches green, fleshy. Leaves undeveloped, scale-like, to 1.5 mm, base united into a sheath, margin membranous, apex acute. Inflorescence shortly pedunculate, spicate, 1-5 cm. Flowers axillary, 3 per bract, middle flower larger, located slightly above lateral flowers. Perianth fleshy, obconic. Stamens exserted; anthers oblong. Ovary ovoid; stigmas papillate. Pericarp membranous. Seed cylindric-ovoid, ca. 1.5 mm in diam.; testa subleathery, hooked hispid. Fl. and fr. Jan-Aug.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Of CHina @
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    "Annual, 1–5 dm, erect or the lower branches prostrate; scales below the spike obtuse or rounded; spikes erect or ascending, 2–6 × 1.5–3(–4.5) mm, the joints mostly 2–4 mm; fls broadly obovate, the central one much surpassing the lateral ones but reaching only to 0.5–1 mm below the node above; seeds 1.3–2 mm; 2n=18, 36. The commonest sp. of salt marshes; Que. to Fla., and in saline soil inland to Mich.; also Alas. to Calif., W.I., and widespread in the Old World. (S. herbacea; S. prostrata)"

  • Provided by: [C].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

    • Native distribution
    Found in
    • Europe Northern Europe Ireland

    Nationally Preferred Names

    Common glasswortEnglishIE
    Lus na gloineIrishIE

    Other Local Names

    Praiseach na marIrishIE


     Information From

    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Flora Of CHina @
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • C Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Irish Vernacular Names
    • D All Rights Reserved
    World Flora Online consortium
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).