Heteranthera limosa (Sw.) Willd.
  • Mag. Neuesten Entdeck. Gesammten Naturk. Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Heteranthera limosa (Sw.) Willd. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000441523. Accessed on: 25 Oct 2020'

General Information

Plants annual. Vegetative stems submersed with elongate inter-nodes only on plants in over 5 cm of water, or emersed and short. Flowering stems 2–24 cm, distal internode 1–11 cm. Sessile leaves forming basal rosette, blade linear to oblanceolate, thin or sometimes thickened, 3.1–6 cm × 3–5 mm. Petiolate leaves emersed; stipule 1–6 cm; petiole 2–13 cm; blade oblong to ovate, 1–5 cm × 4–33 mm, length equaling or greater than width; base truncate to cuneate, apex acute. Inflorescences 1-flowered; spathes 0.9–4.5 cm, glabrous. Flowers opening within 1 hour after dawn, wilting by midday; perianth blue or white, salverform, tube 15–44 mm, limbs essentially actinomorphic, lobes equal, narrowly elliptic, 5.2–26.3 mm, distal lobes yellow toward base; stamens unequal, lateral stamens 2.3–7.8 mm, central stamen 3.3–7.2 mm; filaments linear, glandular-pubescent; style glabrous. Seeds 9–14-winged, 0.5–0.8 × 0.2–0.6 mm. 2n = 14.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
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    1. Heteranthera limosa (Sw.) Willd., Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin Neue Schriften 3: 439 (1801).

    Por A. Novelo R. y A. Lot H.

    Pontederia limosa Sw., Prodr. 57 (1788). Sintipo: Jamaica, Swartz s.n. (microficha MEXU! ex B-W). N.v.: Hoja de laguna, Ch; berro macho, lengua de ciervo, H.

    Heteranthera limosa (Sw.) Willd. var. rotundifolia Kunth, H. rotundifolia (Kunth) Griseb.

    Anuales. Tallos delicados, simpodiales, erectos o flotantes, ramificados. Hojas basales o alternas; vainas 3-6.5 cm, el ápice redondeado o emarginado; pecíolos 2-15 cm, no inflados; láminas emergentes o flotantes, de las hojas flotantes c. 0.5 x 1.5 cm, lanceoladas, de las emergentes (1.8-)2-4(-5) x 0.8-3.5 cm, lanceoladas, obovadas a orbiculares, la base truncada a cordata, el ápice obtuso a ligeramente agudo. Inflorescencia con 1 flor sésil; entrenudo entre las espatas (0.5-)2-5(-6) cm; lámina de la espata inferior (1.8-)2-5 x 0.8-3.2 cm, semejante en forma y tamaño a la lámina de las hojas estériles; espata superior 1.3-3(-4) cm, abierta en el 1/3 superior, el ápice mucronulato. Flores c. 3 cm. Perianto lila o a veces blanco; lóbulos externos c. 12 mm; lóbulos internos c. 13 mm. Filamento de la antera grande c. 3 mm, de las anteras chicas c. 3.5 mm, glabros, blanco-azulados; antera grande 3-3.5 mm, violácea; anteras chicas (1-)2.5(-2.8) mm, amarillas. Pistilo hasta 4 cm; estilo glabro; estigma capitado-fimbriado, ligeramente desplazado hacia un lado. Cápsulas (0.7-)1.2-1.8(-2.3) cm; semillas (0.5-)0.6-0.7(-0.8) x 0.4-0.5 mm, con (9-)10-12(-13) costillas. Bordes de lagunas, charcas, ríos, zanjas, canales y potreros inundados. Ch (Matuda 4489, GH); Y (Gaumer 840, G); G (Harmon y Dwyer 3733, MO); H (Molina R. y Molina 27500, US); ES (Calderón 1754, GH); N (Moreno 10622, MO); CR (Gómez 18472, CR); P (Woodson et al. 1221, MICH). 0-2500 m. (América continental, Antillas.)

  • Provided by: [H].Flora Mesoamericana
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    Heteranthera limosa (Sw.) Willd., Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin Neue Schriften 3: 439. 1801; Pontederia limosa Sw.; Leptanthus ovalis Michx.

    Tallos vegetativos sumergidos y con entrenudos alargados, o emergentes y cortos, tallos fértiles 2–24 cm de largo. Hojas pecioladas de láminas oblongas a ovadas, 1–5 cm de largo, el ápice agudo. Flor 1; perianto morado o blanco, el tubo 15–44 mm de largo, los lóbulos 5–16 mm de largo, el medio-superior amarillo en la base; estambres laterales amarillos, 2.3–7.8 mm de largo, los filamentos rectos, las anteras oblongas, el estambre central 3.3–7.2 mm de largo, morado o blanco y con la antera sagitada. Semillas 0.5–0.8 mm de largo.

    Ocasional en áreas inundadas o en charcos, en la zona pacífica; 50–500 m; fl y fr durante todo el año; Haynes 8426, 8585; distribuida en el Nuevo Mundo. Esta especie se puede distinguir de H. rotundifolia por sus hojas ovadas, por la ausencia de rebordes en el lóbulo del perianto y por sus filamentos rectos.

  • Provided by: [I].Flora de Nicaragua
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    Rooted plant, sometimes with creeping stems. Leaves usually dimorphic, the sub- merged linear and grass-like, the aerial with more or less expanded blade lanceolate to oblong, often narrowly so, 1-5 cm. long, base short-cuneate, rounded or shallowly cordate; petiole elongate, stipulate. Spathe sub-ensheathing the inflorescence, caudate, 1.5-4.0 cm. long. Inflorescence of a single flower; flower 2-6 cm. long, tube 1-4 cm. long, blue or whitish; anthers lanceolate, bi- lobed, almost basifixed; filaments glabrous, adnate to the perianth tube; style elongate, slightly longer than the tube, and with an expanded, tufted stigma. Ovary 1-celled, many-ovulate; capsule oblong, narrow, 1-2 cm. long; seed about 0.4 x 0.8 mm., brown, about 10-ridged longitudinally, one ridge enlarged; seed-coat striated horizontally.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Panama
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    Plantas con el tallo emergente. Hojas que normalmente forman un rosetón basal; lámina (0.5–)2–4(–5) cm,estrecha a ampliamente lanceolada a casi ovalada, obtusa a ligeramente aguda en el ápice. Infl. de 1 fl. solitaria.Fl. azul o blanca; tubo del perianto 15–44 mm, los lóbulos 5.2–16 mm. Frs. generalmente 1.2–1.8 cm.

  • Provided by: [F].Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
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    "Aerial lvs emersed, the blade 1–5 cm long and about half as wide, oblong to ovate, acutish, with cuneate to truncate base; petioles to 1.5 dm; spathe folded, abruptly caudate-acuminate, 1–4.5 cm, enclosing 1 fl; fls purple to white, the perianth-tube 1.5–4.5 cm, the lobes 5–15 mm, about equally spreading, the 3 upper ones basally yellow; stamens subequal, with straight filaments, the lateral ones yellow, the central one purple or white; style glabrous; 2n=14. In shallow water at the edges of ponds and ditches, or wholly emersed on mud; Mississippi R. drainage from Ky. to Io. and S.D., s. to S. Amer.; also Calif. to Ariz. and w. Mex."

  • Provided by: [G].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
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    Distribution

    United States to Argentina.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 5
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    Distribution Map

     
    • Native distribution
    Found in
    • Southern America Brazil Paraní
    • Rio Grande do Sul
    • Mato Grosso
    • Mato Grosso do Sul

     Information From

    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • A Missouri Botanical Garden
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • C Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • D Flora of North America Association
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Costa%20Rica
    Hammel, B. E.; Grayum, M. H.; Herrera, C.; Zamora, N. Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2003-2014
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • G Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Flora Mesoamericana
    http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • H Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • I Missouri Botanical Garden
    Pontederiaceae
    • J CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • K CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).